United Indian Health Services organization began in 1968 when Native Americans united to provide health care for their people. People from this organization acquired a 40 acre plot of land from the City of Arcata in California known as Potawot Health Village. Potawot began to construct in the 1990's. The people of Potawot restored the piece of land into having native plants, wetlands, wellness gardens, and a sanctuary for birds and other wildlife.
The land around the Village provides many opportunities for people to learn about the ecology, the traditional use of native plants, and other information pertaining to how to live a healthy lifestyle. The site has walking trails, interpretive signage, a basket garden, and is a venue for many cultural and environmental activities. Most importantly, "the restored landscape around the Village is intended to be a comfortable place for United Indian Health Services clients, and a place that fosters the healing of the mind, body and spirit." (United Indian Health Services)
Potawot has restored the landscape to not only be a place where humans can visit, but also where different species of wildlife can also visit. This includes birds of all species. The following information provides a short description of the different species of birds that can be found at Potawot. Some of the birds call this place home and others use this as a temporary spot to stop while traveling through on their migrations.
The following descriptions were provided by the Audobon Society and the images are from Eric Johnson which were taken at Potawot.
2-6 buff or olive buff placed on platform of reeds in marsh.
All over U.S. and Canada
Black-crowned Night Heron: (Fig.3)
23-28", wing span 3'8". Medium sized, short and stocky. Black crown and black back. Grey wings and white underparts. Black, short bill, pink/yellow legs. Plumes appear on back during breeding season.
loud, barking kwok! Quawk! In the evening or night time. Harsh calls.
3-5 blue/green eggs found in thicket or reeds, rarely put into trees.
Pacific Coast through Canada and US. Mid-western states, and east coast of U.S. Not found in Rockies.
20". Small, white stocky heron. Pale yellow legs as well as short yellow bill. The yellow bill makes it unique.
3-5 pale blue eggs in bush or sometimes in trees.
California, east to Great Lakes, gulf coast states and into the tropics.
Great Blue Heron
39-52". Wing Span 5'10". Large grayish blue bird with yellow bill. Flies with neck folded, different from crane since they fly with neck straight.
3-7 green/blue eggs in sticks in trees or ground. Often nests with other species of herons.
35-41". Wing Span 4'7". White with yellow bill, and black legs. During breeding season the Egret has plumage.
3-5 pale blue green eggs in sticks in trees. Often with other species of herons.
Oregon to Mexico, East Coast of U.S., Texas, and Mid-West.
20-27". Wing Span 3'2". White heron with black bill, long skinny black legs and yellow feet. During breeding season they have long lacy plumes on their head and back. Young look similar, but have yellow lines going up the back of their legs.
3-5 pale bluish green eggs in sticks or on ground. Often nest with other species of herons.
Oregon to California, Arizona, Virginia, W. Indies and S. America.
4.5-5". Male bright yellow with white tail. Black head with white edges and black wings and a tail with yellow on the wings. Female dull and gray with black wings.
4-5 pale blue eggs in grass nest in shrubs.
All over U.S.
Ash-throated Flycatcher: (Fig.4)
8". Dull olive color above and yellow below.
4-5 brown-spotted, creamy white eggs in a nest, found in a tree or cactus hole.
Southeast of U.S.
13" pigeon sized bird. Bluish gray above and white below. Bushy crest and dagger like bill.
Loud penetrating raddle.
5-8 white in an unlined chamber at the end of a tunnel up to eight feet long or dug sand/gravel bank.
All through U.S. and Canada.
6-7". Slate black except for white belly, under tail coverts, and outer tail feathers. Easy identifiers are its erect posture, tail-wagging, insectivorous.
A thin buzzy "pi-tsee" song, usually repeated. Call is a sharp, down-slurred chip.
3-6 white eggs, with a few faint speckles, in a mud, moss, and grass nest lined with soft material. Nest could be in a crevice, old building, or among hanging roots near the top of an embankment close to water.
Northern California and South and east to west Texas. Also in the Tropics.
Brewer's Black Bird
8-10". Robin sized bird. Male is solid black with purplish blue iridescent head and yellow eyes. Female gray with dark eyes.
gurgles, squawks, whistles!
3-5 gray eggs with dark brown spots located in coarse grass place on ground.
All over western region and south into Florida and Carolinas.
Brown Headed Cow Bird
6-8". Male is black with glossy brown head. Female plain gray brown. Finch like bill.
Squeaky gurgles, call is check!
4-5 white eggs lightly speckled with brown laid one at a time in nest of other song birds.
All over U.S. and western Canada
Northern Bullocks Oriole
7-8.5". Male black head, back wings and tail, orange rump, shoulder patch, and breast. Female is olive brown with dull yellow underparts.
clear flute like whistle single or double notes in short distinct phrases.
4-6 grey eggs spotted with brown, nest is suspended from the tip end of a branch
All throughout U.S. except southeast.
5.5-6.5". Medium sized. Male has reddish head and off white below, streaked wings with white and brown. Female has white stripe behind eyes, dark stripe on jaw, and a streaked chest.
Musical warble. Tick while in flight.
4-5 bluish/green eggs, with dark brown spot on one end. Found in grasses and twigs in conifer trees.
Breeds throughout Canada from west to east coast. Also in California, then east of the mid-western states of the US.
5 1/4- 6 1/2". Sparrow sized, mandibles cross at tip.
5-6.25". Mostly gray overall, with a reddish-brown back
Ringing metallic trill on the same pitch.
3-6 pale bluish or greenish eggs, with variegated blotches concentrated at the larger end. Nest site is shreds of bark, twigs, and mosses lines with soft material, placed on the ground, protected by a rock ledge or other debris.
Throughout Canada and south into Mexico for winters. Found all over N. America.
6-7". Male gold crown, bordered with wide black cap. Dusky bill, brown above.
Songs consists of 3 descending plaintive notes sounding like oh, dear me! tseet! chink!
4-5 bluish, speckled eggs well hidden in a dense weed clump.
5-6 1/2". Male has black throat, white cheeks, chestnut nape, gray crown and rump. Female streaked with brown above, and dingy white above.
Shrill, monotonous, noisy chirping
5-6 white eggs, lightly speckled with brown found in a loose mass of grass, in a man-made or natural cavity.
All over N. America, Southern Canada.
4 1/2-6". Pale and streaked yellowish eyebrow and pinkish legs.
4-6 pale blue-green eggs, variably spotted with dark brown in a cup of grass.
Alaska east to Labrador, south into New Jersey. Pacific coast and Northern Mexico.
5-7". Heavy brown streaking on white underparts, with prominent central breast spot
Madge-Madge-Madge! sometimes interpreted as put-on-your-tea-kettle-ettle-ettle!
3-6 pale greenish-white eggs, in well hidden grassy cup, placed in a bush.
All throughout U.S. and southern Canada.
6-7 1/2". Slender, crown has bold black and white stripes, with pink bill.
Short clear whistles followed by buzzy notes.
3-5 pale green eggs, thickly spotted with brown, in grass, twigs on or near ground.
Alaska to Manitoba, east to Newfoundland. Pacific coast and southern U.S.