Model Layers[edit | edit source]

Bone layer Options[edit | edit source]

  • PVC or PPR Pipe (or similar hollow tube - 3/4-1inch diameter)
  • Bamboo
  • Salt-dough or Play-dough pipe
  • Animal bone (Cow, Goat, Pig, Lamb)

Bone Layer Table

Periosteum/soft tissue layer[edit | edit source]

  • Glycerin, Gelatin, Cassava Mixture
  • Play-dough (soft, not cooked)
  • Sponge
  • Pipe insulation (Rubber or Poly-Foam)
  • Banana/Matooke/Plantain Peels
  • Foam sheets

In this layer you can generally use the same materials as you did or the skin except you will need to make the layer reach a thickness of 0.5 - 1cm. This can be achieved by making multiple layers and rolling them on each other. When you are first beginning, you will use a thicker layering (1cm), but as you get better with your drilling technique, then use a thinner layer so that there is less distance between the cortex and the plunge detector.

Periosteal Layer Table

Plunge Detection Layer[edit | edit source]

  • Buzzer
  • Clay
  • Light

Plunge Detection Layer Table

Muscle[edit | edit source]

Muscle Layer Table

Skin[edit | edit source]

  • Silicone
  • Upholstery/fabric/textured vinyl
  • Liquid latex

Skin Layer Table

Clamp/secure to table options[edit | edit source]

  • Clamps
  • Clay
  • Pipe drilled to wood holder
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