Page data
Type Draft
Authors Felipe Schenone
Published 2021
License CC-BY-SA-4.0
Impact Number of views to this page. Views by admins and bots are not counted. Multiple views during the same session are counted as one. 135

While it's true that smartphones require rare metals which lead to shady mining operations in Africa, it's also true that smartphones have largely replaced or reduced the consumption of:[1]

  • Cameras
  • Video recorders
  • Laptop and desktop computers
  • Radios and portable audio players (Walkmans, Discmans, iPods, etc)
  • Landline phones and pagers
  • Flashlights
  • GPS receivers
  • Clocks (wristwatches, alarm clocks, stopwatches, etc)
  • Calculators (including scientific calculators)
  • Gaming devices (Game Boys, etc)
  • Voice recorders
  • Paper (agendas, calendars, maps, letters, encyclopedias, dictionaries, notebooks, documents, etc)
  • Mirrors
  • Metronomes and tuners

External links[edit | edit source]

Notes and references[edit | edit source]

  1. Maybe the consumption of some of these devices has actually increased since the arrival of smartphones, but surely their consumption would be much higher without smartphones.