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Type Medical knowledge page
SDG Sustainable Development Goals SDG03 Good health and well-being
Authors Josh Hantke
Published 2021
License CC-BY-SA-4.0
Impact Number of views to this page. Views by admins and bots are not counted. Multiple views during the same session are counted as one. 55

This quiz is designed to test your knowledge of Airway Patency assessment. Read each question fully and make sure you understand what the question is asking before you answer. Some questions are select all that apply, these will be marked by square check boxes. After answering all questions to the best of your ability, click the “Submit” button at the bottom of the page. Your score will be shown at the bottom of the page after submission. You may reset this quiz as many times as you would like.

1 Your patient is unconscious without a gag reflex and has gurgling respirations. Their airway should initially be controlled via which BLS measure?

NPA
OPA
Suction
Endotracheal Intubation

2 Your pediatric patient exhibits a high pitched whistling sound on respiration that is audible to the unaided ear. The patient has been more lethargic than normal with a fever. What is this whistling sound known as?

Stridor
Wheezing
Crackles
Rhonchi

3 You are called to the scene of a motorcycle vs tree. Bystanders state that the patient went headfirst into the tree with no signs of braking at approximately 30-35 mph. The patient is a mid-20s female who was helmeted and is found supine on the ground with multiple visible injuries to the extremities. She is semiconscious and exhibits snoring respirations. After controlling any life-threatening bleeds, what is the most appropriate action?

Head-tilt chin-lift
NPA insertion
OPA insertion
Place the patient in full spinal motion restriction precautions

4 Which of the following match a possible etiology for gurgling respirations?

Upper airway constriction
Blood, vomit, or saliva in the airway
Lower airway constriction
Fluid in the airway
None of the above

5 Wheezing is caused by

Constriction of the upper airways such as the bronchi or trachea
Constriction of the lower airways such as the bronchioles
Fluid in the alveoli
Mucus secretions in the bronchi and bronchioles

6 You are called for a patient who is experiencing shortness of breath. The patient was in the middle of a run when they suddenly felt "like my chest is really tight and I can't get air out". Their respiratory rate is rapid and the patient is in the tripod position upon arrival. Your patient states that they have a history of asthma and have not had to take an inhaler in several years. The patient is not normally active but decided to train for a marathon. Today is the first day they are running and they are 2 miles into a 5 mile run. What would you expect to hear for their lung sounds?

Crackles/Rales
Rhonchi
Stridor
Wheezing

7 You respond code 3 for a man down in an alley. You find your patient facedown on a mattress in the middle of the alley with a puddle of vomit and several bottles of alcohol next to them. The patient is placed in a supine position and it is confirmed that they do have a pulse. What is the next step in their treatment?

Use a head-tilt chin lift to open the airway
Use a jaw-thrust to open the airway
Use a finger-sweep to clear the airway
Deliver oxygen via nonrebreather mask; the airway is clear

8 Your partner has intubated a patient in cardiac arrest. During transport, the patient regains spontaneous circulation and begins to have spontaneous respirations as well. What finding are you likely to see with an onset of spontaneous respirations?

Decreased compliance to ventilations
Increased compliance to ventilations
Gurgling respirations from secretions left in the pharynx during resuscitation
Stridor from the compression of the ETT on the vocal cords

9 Compliance describes the ease with which positive pressure ventilations are delivered to the patient via bag valve mask.

True
False

10 You respond to a patient who is not breathing with no pulse. CPR is initiated and you are placed in charge of the patient's airway. Which airway device should you insert to keep the tongue from potentially obstructing the airway?

NPA
OPA
Tongue depressor
Nothing, the tongue is not at risk of obstructing the airway