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An LED traffic light
LED traffic light FAQ. Here are a number of frequently asked questions concerning retrofitting street lights with LEDs. For full information see LED.

What does an LED traffic light look like? An LED traffic light looks very similar to a regular traffic light. It still gets the job done and is actually brighter. An LED is actually very small and therefore the traffic light is made up of a bunch of smaller lights, this is apparent when you look closely. The color of the light depends on the exact composition inside the bulb.
Who Invented the LED? It all began when Oleg Vladimirovich created the first LED in 1927. There was no practical use for it until 1962 when it was discovered that the infrared LED could be changed into a visible red LED.
How does an LED work? An LED is basically a tiny light bulb with a semiconductor diode in place of a filament. Inside the diode, there are positively and negatively charged areas. When a voltage is applied to the diode with the positive end hooked up to the negative area and the negative end hooked up to the positive area the electrons inside become excited and jump from the positively charged to negatively charged areas. This interaction produces light.
What is a diode? A diode is a component that restricts the directional flow of charge carriers. In other words, a diode allows an electric current to flow in one direction, but blocks it in the opposite direction.

FBP Nutsy

Nutsy, the modified Universal Nut Sheller for home use.

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Community action news

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Oct 15 Visions: The Sustainable Future Town of Your Imagination [1]

Oct 13 Don’t frack with us: meet the victorious activist ‘Nanas’ of Lancashire [2]

Oct 10 Community involvement UK news: Becoming Unstuck With Relational Activism [3]

Oct 3 Climate news 2019: What does Greta Thunberg's call for equity mean? [4]

Sep 19 Climate news 2019: For the sake of life on Earth, we must put a limit on wealth, George Monbiot [5]

Read More...


Heraclitus, Johannes Moreelse
No man ever steps in the same river twice, for it’s not the same river and he’s not the same man.

HeraclitusW
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Visit the Food and agriculture Portal

Man working in a rice field.
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism and assimilated by the organism's cells in an effort to produce energy, maintain life, and/or stimulate growth. Historically, people secured food through two methods: hunting and gathering, and agriculture.

Agriculture is the cultivation of animals, plants, fungi and other life forms for food, fiber, and other products used to sustain life. Agriculture was the key implement in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that nurtured the development of civilization. In the developed world, industrial agriculture based on large-scale monoculture has become the dominant system of modern farming, although there is growing support for sustainable agriculture (e.g. permaculture or organic agriculture).

Sustainable agriculture is the practice of farming using principles of ecology, the study of relationships between organisms and their environment. It has been defined as "an integrated system of plant and animal production practices having a site-specific application that will last over the long term: satisfy human food and fiber needs; make the most efficient use of non-renewable resources and on-farm resources and integrate, where appropriate, natural biological cycles and controls; sustain the economic viability of farm operations; and enhance the quality of life for farmers and society as a whole.”

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Queen's Applied Sustainability Research Group completed projects and publications: This category lists completed projects for the Category:Queens Applied Sustainability Group. Following the individual links leads to a summary of the project and key findings, related Category:Queens Applied Sustainability Group Literature Reviews, Category:Queens Applied Sustainability Group Lab Protocols , and an open access version of the paper published in a peer reviewed journal.

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