Our team Hold My Bench!, made a bench out of cob and recycled materials for Trillium Charter School (Arcata, CA). It was designed and built from February 2023 to May 2023. Our motivation was to create a new fun seating space for the children at the school, that would also look pretty and teach them something. The intended users of the bench are the children of the school.
Background[edit | edit source]
The Spring 2023 semester class of Engineering 215: Introduction to Design is partnering with Trillium Charter School for a semester-long design project. Trillium is an elementary school, with two classes: a tK-2nd grade class and a 3rd-5th grade class. Their classes are very focused on protecting the environment and kindness to their peers. Trillium is a very small school, with a max school size of 45, and their campus is located in a renovated house. They have several add-ons to the home and a large backyard that doubles as a blacktop and recess area. The goal of Hold My Bench’s project is to create a lasting bench that students can enjoy during recess time and help them learn about eco-friendly building techniques.
Problem statement[edit | edit source]
The objective of this project is to provide Trillium Charter School students with a permanent, interactive seating area made of recycled materials. The bench will provide students with a chance to socialize and an opportunity for outside learning.
Criteria[edit | edit source]
This project, due to its purpose, usage, and location within Trillium Charter School, raises considerations that must be acknowledged during the design of the project. The most important considerations of this project are those involving the longevity and proper construction of the bench, and its use by children in the recessed area, including the safety and usage considerations. Considerations are as follows: Proper use of either cob or cement for the bench, and how longevity can be achieved by using either material, the desired location for the bench installation has a mound, which must be flattened and removed for the bench to be built properly in the area the client desires. Additionally, to maintain its longevity, drainage systems must be engineered on the bench to prevent pooling, and erosion of the material. Regarding safety and usage of the bench by the kids of Trillium, structural damage from kids using the bench in unconventional ways, including jumping off, pushing, and kicking the bench. All these actions the bench structure must be able to withstand. Below is a table of the criteria and their definitions that guided the considerations.
|Safety||Safer than the splintering wooden picnic table at Trillium Charter.||10|
|Cost||The total price for the construction of the project is less than 700$ in total.||9|
|Aesthetics||Look at least as good as the wooden picnic bench or the other plastic colored benches in Trillium.||8|
|Durability||Harder to destroy than a plastic bench or wooden bench.||7|
|Environmentally Friendly||Less embedded energy and is less environmentally toxic than a Fisher-Price plastic bench and Reflects the values intrinsic to Trillium Charter School||7|
|Ergonomics||More comfortable than the wooden picnic table in the front of the school.||6|
Prototyping[edit | edit source]
Some images of the prototypes are below.
This is our base beginning pencil drawing of what we wanted our bench to look like. Given the fact that we were required to use a tube it was important that we draw a ton of options of how we get the tube incorporated into the bench and fully incorporated into the cob as well. We also spent a lot of ton of time deciding on the flower design between flowers or space themed but the children after interviews, revealed they liked the flower idea far more.
Final product[edit | edit source]
An image of the final product is below.
Construction[edit | edit source]
Video instructions[edit | edit source]
Some video instructions are below.
Bill of materials[edit | edit source]
The total cost was $196.48 for the construction of the final product. See the cost breakdown in the table below:
|Item||Amount||Cost per unit||Total|
|Clay — Buckets Full - Free Donation||10||USD 0.00||USD 0.00|
|Sand — Tote Bags Full- Free||4||USD 0.00||USD 0.00|
|Lime Plaster — 50lb Bag||1||USD 28.00||USD 28.00|
|Wooden Stakes||4||USD 2.50||USD 10.00|
|Nylon Screws||12||USD 1.30||USD 15.60|
|Wooden Planks||2||USD 7.00||USD 14.00|
|Rainwater Barrel||1||USD 30.00||USD 30.00|
|Nylon Nuts and Bolts||12||USD 1.16||USD 13.92|
|Gravel — Buckets Full- Free||2||USD 0.00||USD 0.00|
|Buckets — 4 Donated||5||USD 6.00||USD 30.00|
|4||USD 7.00||USD 28.00|
|Paint||3||USD 3.99||USD 11.97|
|Paint Brushes — Pack||1||USD 14.99||USD 14.99|
|Grand total||USD 196.48EUR 168.97 <br />GBP 143.43 <br />CAD 243.64 <br />MXN 4,096.61 <br />INR 14,706.53 <br />|
Operation[edit | edit source]
This is how to operate. As it is just a simple bench the instructions are uncomplicated.
Maintenance[edit | edit source]
Minimal maintenance cost is associated with the bench installation, however, if the surface of the bench were to be damaged from children at Trillium, the reparations for the cob structure should not cost more than $2 for the materials for any repair that would need to be made. The lime powder and bucket have been left with Trillium should they need to repair the plaster, this will account for any costs needed for repair as there is much lime left. The only thing they would need to do it mix the lime with water, let it sit, and then coat the area that needs repair and leave it to dry for one week.
Maintenance schedule[edit | edit source]
- Repair the Lime Plaster if it Chips
- Go over design with paint when it starts to fade away
Conclusion[edit | edit source]
Testing results[edit | edit source]
When using natural clay from Bayside soil, we learned that a 40% clay, 40% sand, 10% straw, and 10% water would be the best mixture for the strongest cob. The lime plaster protects the cob from water damage in the Arcata weather.
Discussion[edit | edit source]
We tested 8 different recipes like the one we ended up deciding on. We spent a lot of time on-site during build days making different decisions as to what needed to be done.
Lessons learned[edit | edit source]
This bench has gone through many trials and errors. The first large mistake we ran into was not taking into account for the wet weather we are currently having in Arcata. Because of this our bench took over twice as long as our prototype did to dry. This is a large issue because it pushes back our timeline and puts us behind of where we need to be. Another lesson we learned is to properly plan out everything with every part. We made five trips to Ace Hardware in one day purely because of the lack of planning for parts. This also increased our time and gas cost.
Next steps[edit | edit source]
The next step is to just ensure that the bench has a strong and consistent layer of plaster on. Since it is under an awning, there should not be too much weathering, but that being said the kids will eventually wear down the bench. The plaster should be applied once every few years when the bench seems like it is getting worn down.
The tunnel is not safe for students to sit or stand on top of. The tunnel will need to be bolstered, replaced, or removed during summer 2023.
Team[edit | edit source]
Hold My Bench! 2023 Engr 215
- Zoe Banks
- Claire Cason
- Jenna Crum
- Noah Mireau