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Technical and Economic viability of PV

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17. Evaluating the limits of solar photovoltaics (PV) in traditional electric power systems

PaulDenholm, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 901 D Street, S.W., Suite 930, Washington, DC 20024, USA Energy Policy, Robert M.Margolis, National Renwable Energy Laboratory, 1617 Cole Blvd, Golden, CO 80401, USA Volume 35, Issue 5, May 2007, Pages 2852-2861, Received 20 June 2006, Accepted 3 October 2006, Available online 27 November 2006 [1]

  • Impact of PV on Electric power system.
  • Flexibility of power systems on the basis resources.
  • Dealing with surplus or excess PV output.
  • PV capacity factors as a function of PV penetration

18. Realistic generation cost of solar photovoltaic electricity

Parm Pal Singh and Sukhmeet Singh, School of Energy Studies for Agriculture, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab – 141004, India, Renewable Energy Volume 35, Issue 3, March 2010, Pages 563-569, Received 2 March 2009, Accepted 26 July 2009, Available online 1 September 2009. [2]

  • Specific Initial Investment: A term called “specific initial investment (Cs)” has been defined as the ratio of price of SPV system per unit rated capacity (Pr) to specific electric output (Es) at a given place
  • Payment and loan methods and suggestions.

19. The Market Value and Cost of Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Production

Borenstein, S. (2008). The Market Value and Cost of Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Production. UC Berkeley: Center for the Study of Energy Markets. Retrieved from https://escholarship.org/uc/item/3ws6r3j4 [3]

  • Valuing time and varying solar PV power analysis
  • Pricing of Solar PV energy
  • Significance of user location in Pricing.

20. Grid parity and self-consumption with photovoltaic systems under the present regulatory framework in Spain: The case of the University of Jaén Campus

D.L.Talavera, J.de la Casa, E. Muñoz-Cerón, G.Almonacid, IDEA Research Group (Investigación y Desarrollo de Energía Solar), University of Jaén Campus las Lagunillas s/n, 23071 Jaén, Spain, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews Volume 33, May 2014, Pages 752-771 [4]

  • Consumption and demand of University
  • Estimation of required energy
  • losses and generation comparision study
  • Profitability

21. Economical Design of Utility-Scale Photovoltaic Power Plants With Optimum Availability

Zahra Moradi-Shahrbabak, Student Member, IEEE, Ahmadreza Tabesh, Member, IEEE, and Gholam Reza Yousefi, Member, IEEE. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS, VOL. 61, NO. 7, JULY 2014 [5]

  • Basic topological designing
  • Availability estimation of PV
  • Economic design of PV and inverters at optimum availability

22. What are the barriers and incentives for community-owned means of energy production and use? Gordon Walker, Department of Geography, Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University, Farrer Avenue, Lancaster LA1 4YQ, UK Energy Policy Volume 36, Issue 12, December 2008, Pages 4401-4405 [6]

  • Different legal and financial models of ownership : Cooperatives, Community charities, Development trusts and Shares owned by a local community organisation.
  • Incentives for community ownership: Local income and regeneration (through sales of energy), Local approval and planning permission, Local control, Lower energy costs and reliable supply, Ethical and environmental commitment and Load management.
  • Barriers: legal conditions, economic and technical viability, liaison, long return periods leading to subsidized funding, lack of expertise to manage income-generating potential,
  • Future Prospects on present barriers and incentives.

23. The transformation of southern California's residential photovoltaics market through third-party ownership

Easan Drury, Mackay Miller, Donna Heimiller, and Thomas D. Perry IV , Strategic Energy Analysis Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 1617 Cole Blvd, RSF 300, Golden, CO 80401, USA Charles M. Macal, Diane J. Graziano, and Jonathan Ozik, Center for Complex Adaptive Agent Systems Simulation, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439, USA Energy Policy Volume 42, March 2012, Pages 681-690 [7]

  • Residential PV adoption, population demographics, and voting and methodology used for statistical analysis
  • evolution of California PV markets and PV related policy
  • PV adoption trends: customer owned PV adoption and third-party owned PV adoption
  • policy implications: decreasing PV prices in addition to the reduction or removal of several adoption barriers through the introduction of third-party PV products encouraged other communities to own PV technology.
  • Third-party PV products are increasing total PV market demand by reaching new customers.

24. Cost-Effective Hundred-Year Life for Single-Phase Inverters and Rectifiers in Solar and LED Lighting Applications Based on Minimum Capacitance Requirements and a Ripple Power Port

Krein, P.T. and Balog, R.S., 2009, February. Cost-effective hundred-year life for single-phase inverters and rectifiers in solar and LED lighting applications based on minimum capacitance requirements and a ripple power port. In Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition, 2009. APEC 2009. Twenty-Fourth Annual IEEE (pp. 620-625). IEEE. [8]

  • The minimum energy storage requirement is linked to a minimum capacitance requirement for converters that use capacitance energy storage.
  • A ripple power port allows a designer to make a choice of capacitor voltage independent of system voltages, which helps to decide the selection of modest film capacitor.
  • Solutions for time-varying energy storage for single-phase power conversion: Passive Filter sizing and Active Filter sizing.
  • Hundred Year Operating Life

25. Economic feasibility of solar-powered led roadway lighting

Wu, M.S., Huang, H.H., Huang, B.J., Tang, C.W. and Cheng, C.W., 2009. Economic feasibility of solar-powered led roadway lighting. Renewable energy, 34(8), pp.1934-1938. [9]

  • The cost comparison of LED lighting using grid and solar power with the conventional mercury lamps.
  • Design of the solar-powered LED roadway lighting using high-power LED luminaire (100 W) and estimates the installation cost for a 10 km highway with 2 lanes.
  • Energy saving and economic analysis
  • the lighting energy can be saved about 75% compared to the mercury lamp and LED is suitable for solar lighting.
  • The payback time for the excess investment of the whole lighting system is 2.2 years for LED using grid power and 3.3 years for LED using solar-powered
  • The LED fixture lifetime can exceed 10 years,

26. The analysis on photovoltaic electricity generation status, potential and policies of the leading countries in solar energy

Dincer, F., 2011. The analysis on photovoltaic electricity generation status, potential and policies of the leading countries in solar energy. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 15(1), pp.713-720.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1364032110003138

  • World photovoltaic industry has an average growth rate of 49.5% over the past 5 years.
  • In last decade due to improvements in the efficiency of the panels and manufacturing methods, the payback times were reduced to 3–5 years, depending on the sunshine available at the installation site.
  • Ways to reduce cost of PV.
  • illustration of trends in Europe, Asia and USA.

27. Development of high-performance solar LED lighting system

Huang, B.J., Wu, M.S., Hsu, P.C., Chen, J.W. and Chen, K.Y., 2010. Development of high-performance solar LED lighting system. Energy Conversion and Management, 51(8), pp.1669-1675. [10]

  • If the MPPT controller can then be removed from the stand-alone solar system and the charged capacity of the battery increases 9.7%
  • Loss of load probability for the 18 W solar LED system is 14.1% in winter and zero in summer. For the 100 W solar LED system, the loss of load probability is 3.6% in spring.
  • Development of battery charge and discharge control system
  • Energy loss and reliability of PWM-driven LED
  • The High-efficiency charge/discharge controller for stand-alone solar LED lighting system by incorporating an nMPPO (near-maximum-power-point-operation) design, a PWM battery charge control, and a PWM battery discharge control to drive the LED.

28. Solution to enhance the acceptability of solar-powered LED lighting technology

Pode, R., 2010. Solution to enhance the acceptability of solar-powered LED lighting technology. Renewable and sustainable energy Reviews, 14(3), pp.1096-1103. [11]

  • Kerosene fuel lighting and associated health risks.
  • Solar Powered CFL Lighting and its drawbacks
  • Solar powered LED lighting and its economics and viability analysis.
  • Barrier and proposals to consumer acceptability of solar-powered lighting
  • Various Bussiness Models for implementation of Solar powered lighting.

29. A comprehensive study of solar power in India and World

Sharma, A., 2011. A comprehensive study of solar power in India and World. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 15(4), pp.1767-1776. [12]

  • Concentrating solar power (CSP) systems use lenses or mirrors and tracking systems to focus a large area of sunlight into a small beam, which will be used as heat source for a convenional power plant.
1. Parablic through system
2. Paabolic dish system
3. Solar power tower
  • Solar Energy potential in India
  • Solar Power projects taken up by various National and Multi National Companies in Inida.
  • Indian Government Incentives and Support: Zero or concessional duty applicable on import of certain specific items and Zero excise duty on domestic manufacture of many solar energy devices and systems, etc.
  • The Ministry of Non-conventional Energy Sources, Government of India is attempting to electrify as many villages as possible with the solar photovoltaic system.

30. Estimating the uncertainty in long-term photovoltaic yield predictions

Thevenard, D. and Pelland, S., 2013. Estimating the uncertainty in long-term photovoltaic yield predictions. Solar energy, 91, pp.432-445. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0038092X11001757

  • Uncertainties in PV system performance: Module rating, Degradation of PV modules, Availability, Presence of snow, Dirt and soiling, Shading, Post-inverter losses * Statistical simulations of long-term PV yield
  • Modeling uncertainties with the Solar Advisor Model
  • For a typical year, SAM predicts an annual energy output and a system performance ratio.

31. Techno-economic Evaluation of the Feasibility of a Smart Street Light System: A case study of Rural India

Velaga, N.R. and Kumar, A., 2012. Techno-economic evaluation of the feasibility of a smart street light system: a case study of rural India. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 62, pp.1220-1224. [13]

  • A smart street light system consists of power generation, storage and management device (solar panel or photovoltaic cells, maintenance free batteries and a controller) as well as an efficient light.
  • The tubular rechargeable maintenance free batteries are most appropriate for this purpose.
  • The combination of a light sensor in the form of photo diode and a micro-controller will act as an intelligent mechanism for on-off switch.
  • Suitable for illuminating the streets in rural and hilly areas.
  • Economic Evaluation: total cost of installation of each Smart Street Light (SSL) system is more than five times the cost of High Pressure Sodium Vapor (HSSV) lamp system but the operation cost for SSL is zero.
  • The operation cost not only involves the cost of power consumed by HPSV lamps but it also includes the cost of power loss in transmission. The periodic maintenance of fixtures and ballasts is considered as 50% of replacement cost
  • the Equivalent Uniform Annual Cost for SSL and HPSV systems are found to be INR 332,923 and INR 424,430 respectively.

32. A smart street lighting control system for optimization of energy consumption and lamp life

Mahoor, M., Najafaabadi, T.A. and Salmasi, F.R., 2014, May. A smart street lighting control system for optimization of energy consumption and lamp life. In Electrical Engineering (ICEE), 2014 22nd Iranian Conference on (pp. 1290-1294). IEEE.

  • Smart Street Lighting Control System Design and Definitions
  • The smart street lighting control system design with the capability of dimming

33. Illumient Smart Off-Grid™

[14]

  • Lighting Systems are complete, fully-engineered wind and solar-powered solutions.
  • ILLUMIENCE CLOUD CONTROL AND COMMUNICATIONS
  • Key features that distinguish Illumient from other lighting solutions,
  • Benefits of LED

34. Upper Peninsula Power Company Integrated Resource Plan

[15]

  • Upper Peninsula Power Company (UPPCO) held a series of Stakeholder Forums to receive public input leading to the development of its Integrated Resource Plan (IRP). UPPCO’s plan will be filed with the Michigan Public Service Commission (MPSC) in 2018.
  • An Integrated Resource Plan (IRP) is a process that is used by a utility to evaluate how it will best serve its customers’ future energy needs.
  • Stakeholder Engagement

35. PV solar electricity industry: Market growth and perspective

Hoffmann, W., 2006. PV solar electricity industry: Market growth and perspective. Solar energy materials and solar cells, 90(18-19), pp.3285-3311.

[16]

  • global PV solar electricity market
  • Profitability increase by adding PV to a diesel battery system
  • Value chain in rural electrification projects
  • PV solar electricity technology
  • The main growth areas are: Japan, Germany, and USA

36. PRODUCT-INTEGRATED PV APPLICATIONS - HOW INDUSTRIAL DESIGN METHODS YIELD INNOVATIVE PV POWERED PRODUCTS,

Dr. A.H.M.E. Reinders, Department of Design, Production and Management, Faculty of Engineering Technology Universlty of Twente, P.O:Box 217, NL-7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands. [17]

  • Various Industrial design methods
  • Illustration with examples.

37. A review of solar photovoltaic technologies

Bhubaneswari Parida and , S.Iniyan, Institute for Energy Studies, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Anna University Chennai, Chennai 600025, India and Ranko Goic , Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture University of Split, Croatia. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews Volume 15, Issue 3, April 2011, Pages 1625-1636 [18]

  • PV absorbing materials
  • Performance and efficiency
  • Sizing, distribution and control
  • Applications and limitations