Project data
Authors Rachel Clark
Status Designed
Made Yes
Replicated No
Instance of water filter
OKH Manifest Open Know-How Manifest Download

Understanding the market[edit | edit source]

A non-trivial cost of building a 3D printer is buying the hotend. In some parts of the world, the cost of importing hotends is prohibitive. Without considering the cost of shipping to remote areas of the world, a low-end hotend described as the "most affordable 3D printer hotend yet" retails for almost $32[1]. A hotend cast from silicone and nichrome wire in a printed PLA mold would significantly increase the availability of hotends in remote areas.

Project goals[edit | edit source]

This project seeks to design a 3D printed mold in PLA to cast a silicone based hot end, into which a nichrome wire can be inserted as a heating element.

Considerations include:

  • Design of mold
  • Choice of silicone
  • Design of casting process
    • Inserting silicone
    • Nichrome wire placement
    • Channel for filament

Design[edit | edit source]

The male and female molds were designed in FreeCAD to replicate an existing hot end design. The first iteration of hot ends were cast, but ultimately failed due to very long cure times and large trapped air bubbled. The improved method of producing the silicone body involves painting thin layers of silicone and letting it cure between each layer. While a more work intensive process, it leads to a much shorter cure time because the product is exposed to air.

Parts[edit | edit source]

  • Silicone
  • Printed male and female mold, stl files
  • Nichrome wire
  • Thermistor
  • 2 twisted pairs (not pictured)


Tools[edit | edit source]

  • Soldering gun and solder
  • Pin
  • 0.5mm pencil lead
  • Electrical tape

Method[edit | edit source]

  1. Obtain printed parts.
  2. Coat male mold in thin layer of silicone.
  3. Wrap nichrome wire around smallest barrel.
  4. Affix thermistor to nichome section with silicone.
  5. Use pin to place hole in end of male mold, insert 0.5mm pencil lead.
  6. Apply silicone layer by layer until the hot end rests confortably inside the female mold.
  7. Trim the length of 0.5mm barrel to about 2.5mm.
  8. Solder wires to nichrome wire and thermistor.

Discussion[edit | edit source]

Use currently being investigated.

References[edit | edit source]

Contact details[edit | edit source]

Raclark (talk) 14:43, 12 November 2015 (PST)

Page data
Type Project
Keywords 3d printing, 3d printer modification, silicone hot end, silicone, wire
SDG Sustainable Development Goal SDG09 Industry innovation and infrastructure
Published 2015
License CC-BY-SA-3.0
Affiliations MTU, Michigan_Tech's_Open_Sustainability_Technology_Lab
Language English (en)
Impact Number of views to this page and its redirects. Updated once a month. Views by admins and bots are not counted. Multiple views during the same session are counted as one. 158
Issues Automatically detected page issues. Click on them to find out more. They may take some minutes to disappear after you fix them. No lead section, No main image
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