The short cycle of smartphone generations leads to higher consumption.

Planned obsolescence is when goods are manufactured in such a way to wear out or break very easily so that they will have to be purchased repeatedly or serviced several times.

Practices[edit | edit source]

  • Low-quality products
  • Short innovation cycles
  • End of technical support for hardware
  • End of software update support

Response[edit | edit source]

  • Buying more durable goods.
  • Repairing broken items. For example, repair cafes.
  • One thing to bear in mind about full life cycle analyses is that older machines may work longer but may also be more inefficient. So they may save on materials and their manufacture, shipping, etc. but cost more in energy.

Policy and laws[edit | edit source]

Right to repair[edit | edit source]

The right to repair refers to proposed government legislation to forbid manufacturers to impose barriers that deny consumers the ability to repair and modify their own consumer products (e.g. electronic, automotive devices or farm vehicles such as tractors). Such barriers require consumers to use only the manufacturer's offered services by restricting access to tools and components, and include software barriers that hinder independent repair or modification. Right to repair may also refer to the movement of citizens putting pressure on their governments to create enabling laws.

These obstacles often lead to higher consumer costs or drive consumers to replace devices instead of repairing them. While the global community is concerned over the growing volume of the waste stream (especially electronic components), the primary debate over the right to repair has been centered on the United States and within the European Union.

External links[edit | edit source]

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