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Infant Hydration Monitor
|Health Topic||Child mortality|
Problem being addressed
Dehydration is a leading cause of infant mortality and morbidity worldwide. Physical examinations are the most common method of determining the extent of dehydration, but can be subjective. Laboratory tests such as BUN (blood urea nitrogen) and bicarbonate levels are more objective measures of hydration, but require blood draws and can miss abnormalities that are not extreme. Healthcare providers in low-resource areas may not have the laboratory resources to perform BUN or bicarbonate level tests.
Detailed description of the solution
The device includes a hand-held probe with an ultrasonic transmitter and receiver. The user can adjust the distance between the transducers, each of which is mounted on a force sensor so that skin contact pressure is recorded and communicated to the user via an LED. The velocity of ultrasound waves through the tissue between the transducers is used to calculate the hydration status of the patient.
- Designed by: Armen P. Sarvazyan
- Manufacturer (if different): Artann Laboratories
- Manufacturer location: Austin, TX, USA
When and where it was tested/implemented
Recipient of Grand Challenges in Global Health grant, Artann Labs.
Other internally generated reports
"Body Hydration Monitor." Artann Laboratories, n.d. Web. Retrieved December 5, 2013 from here.
Tatarinov, A., Sarvazyan, N., Gardovska D., Eihvalde L., and Kreicberga, I. (2013). "Pilot clinical study of novel ultrasonic hydration monitor for infants." IFMBE Proceedings 38, pp. 39–42. 2013. International Symposium on Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics. Web. Retrieved December 1, 2013 from here.
Externally generated reports
"New Technology for Assessment of Hydration Status of Newborn." Grand Challenges Explorations Grants. Grand Challenges in Global Health, n.d. Retrieved December 5, 2013 from here.
IP and copyright
Sarvazyan AP: Infant hydration monitor. USA Pat 7,291,109 2007 Nov 6. Sarvazyan AP: Ultrasonic water content monitor and methods for monitoring tissue hydration. USA Pat 7,033,321 2006 Apr 25.