Infant Hydration Monitor

From Appropedia
About this medical device
Status Prototype
Made? No
Replicated? No
Designed in United States
Replicated in Africa, Asia
Health topic Child mortality
Health classification Diagnosis
License data
Hardware CC BY-SA 4.0
Documentation data

Problem being addressed[edit | edit source]

Dehydration is a leading cause of infant mortality and morbidity worldwide. Physical examinations are the most common method of determining the extent of dehydration, but can be subjective. Laboratory tests such as BUN (blood urea nitrogen) and bicarbonate levels are more objective measures of hydration, but require blood draws and can miss abnormalities that are not extreme. Healthcare providers in low-resource areas may not have the laboratory resources to perform BUN or bicarbonate level tests.

Detailed description of the solution[edit | edit source]

The device includes a hand-held probe with an ultrasonic transmitter and receiver. The user can adjust the distance between the transducers, each of which is mounted on a force sensor so that skin contact pressure is recorded and communicated to the user via an LED. The velocity of ultrasound waves through the tissue between the transducers is used to calculate the hydration status of the patient.

Designed by[edit | edit source]

  • Designed by: Armen P. Sarvazyan
  • Manufacturer (if different): Artann Laboratories
  • Manufacturer location: Austin, TX, USA

When and where it was tested/implemented[edit | edit source]

Funding Source[edit | edit source]

Recipient of Grand Challenges in Global Health grant, Artann Labs.

References[edit | edit source]

Peer-reviewed publication[edit | edit source]

Other internally generated reports[edit | edit source]

"Body Hydration Monitor." Artann Laboratories, n.d. Web. Retrieved December 5, 2013 from here.

Tatarinov, A., Sarvazyan, N., Gardovska D., Eihvalde L., and Kreicberga, I. (2013). "Pilot clinical study of novel ultrasonic hydration monitor for infants." IFMBE Proceedings 38, pp. 39–42. 2013. International Symposium on Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics. Web. Retrieved December 1, 2013 from here.

Externally generated reports[edit | edit source]

"New Technology for Assessment of Hydration Status of Newborn." Grand Challenges Explorations Grants. Grand Challenges in Global Health, n.d. Retrieved December 5, 2013 from here.

IP and copyright[edit | edit source]

Sarvazyan AP: Infant hydration monitor. USA Pat 7,291,109 2007 Nov 6. Sarvazyan AP: Ultrasonic water content monitor and methods for monitoring tissue hydration. USA Pat 7,033,321 2006 Apr 25.

Approval by regulatory bodies or standards boards[edit | edit source]