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Propagation[edit]

Can be propagated by cuttings, suckers or by layering.[1][2]

Cuttings

Hardwood cuttings can be taken from one-year old wood,[3] from shoots about 1-2 cm in diameter.[4] This is best done in autumn or late autumn.[5][2] Cuttings should be 30cm in length.[2][3] Make the basal cut below a leaf node.[5] plant in multipurpose compost, leaving only top few cm showing.[5] keep in a sheltered spot or in a greenhouse.[5] Keep soil moist during winter, do not let it dry out. They should be ready by spring. Take multiple cuttings as success is not guaranteed.[5]

Suckers

Established trees sometimes throw up suckers which can be carefully dug up keeping roots intact, ideally in late autumn.[2] There will be aroot attachment to parent plant which will need to be severed. Cuttings can also be taken from suckers.[1]

Layering

A low branch can be pegged down to soil. It will root and can then be careuflly dug up and separated from the parent plant.[2]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 https://www.rhs.org.uk/advice/profile?PID=106
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Seymour, M (2014). The New Self-Sufficient Gardener: The complete illustrated guide to planning, growing, storing and preserving your own garden produce. Dorling Kindersley. ISBN 9781409346784.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Brickell, C; Royal Horticultural Society (2012). Encyclopedia of Gardening. Dorling Kindersley. ISBN 9781409364658.
  4. Crawford, M (2016). Creating a Forest Garden: working with nature to grow edible crops. Green Books. ISBN 9781900322621.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 Titchmarsh, A (2008). The kitchen gardener : grow your own fruit and veg. London BBC. ISBN 9781846072017.