Estimated carbon footprint, loss of natural habitat potential, loss of plant and animal life potential and/or extinction potential from making, packaging, shipping and/or using these products or services. Note: Except for CO2 emissions, estimates are based on Habitat,_Life,_Extinction_Formulas_v2 via ecofx.org.
Estimates do not include climate change's possible long-term ecological effects and persistent toxins. Formulas use "human appropriated net primary production (HANPP)" to "CO2 emissions" correlation.
- 1 kg(kilogram) = 2.2 lb(pounds) 1 m2(square meter) = 10.8 ft2(square feet)
- 1 km(kilometers) = 0.62 mi(miles) 1 liter = 0.26 gallons
|Paper Coffee Cup with sleeve - 16 ounce
Although this report is a good estimate of the carbon emissions of the average coffee cup, the current Starbucks coffee cup has a smaller carbon footprint because Starbucks has added 10% post-consumer recycled content to it cups.
|Some of the materials used to make this paper coffee cup (16 ounce) with sleeve.
trees, water, ink, plastic, multiple fuels
|CO2 released to make and ship this paper coffee cup (16 ounce) with sleeve.
|Loss of natural habitat potential to make and ship this paper coffee cup (16 ounce) with sleeve.
|Loss of plant and animal life potential (in natural habitat) to make and ship this paper coffee cup (16 ounce) with sleeve.
|How many paper coffee cups (16 ounce) with sleeves it would takes to trigger 1 potential species extinction.|
|Reusable Coffee Mug
Compared to a paper coffee cup, once a reusable coffee mug has been used 50 to 100 times it has almost no carbon footprint. (A small carbon footprint results from rinsing the reusable coffee cup -- especially in hot water.)
|Some of the materials that may be used to make a reusable coffee mug.
steel, water, ink, plastic, multiple fuels
|CO2 released to use a re-usable coffee mug.
|Loss of natural habitat potential to use a re-usable coffee mug.
|Loss of plant and animal life potential (in natural habitat) to use a re-usable coffee mug.
|How many times re-usable coffee mugs may be used around the world before they would trigger 1 potential specie extinction.|
Summary[edit | edit source]
A study of one paper coffee cup with sleeve (16 ounce) shows that the CO2 emissions is about 0.11 kilograms (0.25 pounds) per cup with sleeve[verification needed] - including paper from trees, materials, production and shipping. The loss of natural habitat potential from the paper coffee cup (16 ounce) with a sleeve is estimated to be 0.09 square meters (0.93 square feet).
Notes[edit | edit source]
Over 6.5 million trees were cut down to make make 16 billion paper cups used by US consumers in 2006. Plus, 16 billion paper cups uses 4 billion gallons of water and results in 253 million pounds of waste. Every tree used for paper cups is also removed from the ecosystem and can no longer absorb carbon dioxide, produce oxygen or filter groundwater. Trees are used to make the bleached virgin paperboard that is used to make most paper cups.
Unfortunately, very little recycled paper is used to make paper cups because of contamination concerns and regulations. Because most paper cups are coated with plastic, both composting and recycling of paper cups is uncommon.
Although paper cups are made from renewable resources (wood chips 95% by weight), paper products in a landfill may not decompose, or may release methane if decomposed anerobically. The manufacture of paper requires inorganic chemicals and creates large amounts of water effluents.
Paper cups may consume more non-renewable resources than cups made of polystyrene foam (whose only significant effluent is pentane). fact?
PE is a petroleum based coating on paper cups that can slow down the process of biodegrading. PLA is a biodegradable bio-plastic coating used on some paper cups. PLA is a renewable resource and makes paper cups more compostible, whereas PE is not renewable and is not compostible.
References[edit | edit source]
- Report of the Starbucks Coffee Company / Alliance for Environmental Innovation Joint Task Force. Alliance for Environmental Innovation. 15 Apr. 2000. Web. 6 Feb. 2008. (Although this report is a good estimate of the carbon emissions of the average coffee cup, the current Starbucks coffee cup has a smaller carbon footprint because Starbucks has added 10% post-consumer recycled content to it cups.)
- Paper Cups = Unsustainable Consumption. AboutMyPlanet.com. 6 Feb 2008. Web. Archived.