Electric car

Electric vehicles are vehicles powered by an electric motor. They include:

  • Electric water vehicles — Includes supersurface water vehicles (regular or hydrofoiling), subsurface vehicles (regular or supercavitating)
  • Electric ground vehicles — Includes supersurface ground vehicles, subsurface ground vehicles
  • Electric air vehicles — Includes lighter-than-air air vehicles and heavier-than-air air vehicles

Privately owned vehicles include:

Electric cars[edit | edit source]

Who killed the electric car?

Electric carsW can be better for the environment than regular cars. However, the electricity they use must come from a renewable source, else they can be even worse than regular cars. Another thing to consider is their lifespan and the carbon footprint of their production. If their lifespan is too short, or their production too inefficient, then the CO2 they save during their lifespan may not suffice to make up for the extra CO2 spent in producing them.

Electric cars can also be cheaper to run because electricity is generally more affordable than diesel or petrol, though the upfront cost (the cost of buying an electric car) is generally higher. If the electricity comes from your own photovoltaic system, then recharging can be essentially free. In most cases, one charge will last around a hundred miles. All which is more than enough to get you to work and back more often than not. Especially as around 80% of drivers will drive less than 40 miles in a day.

Regarding pollution while driving, electric vehicles create only 1% of the pollution generated from even the cleanest gasoline vehicles.[1]

As the popularity of electric vehicles continues to grow, it has become increasingly important to develop and maintain an adequate charging infrastructure. Electric cars rely on battery power rather than traditional fossil fuels and must regularly recharge to remain operational. Unfortunately, more robust charging infrastructure is still lacking in many areas, mainly rural, making long trips difficult for EV owners.

To address this problem, we need to invest more resources into developing new charging stations that are reliable and cost-effective. This requires creating optimal locations for these stations as well as setting up a system of payment and support services to ensure their continued use.

Overall, this issue deserves greater attention from policymakers and businesses alike. Providing adequate EV charging infrastructure can help improve access to clean transportation for millions of people.[2]

History[edit | edit source]

The electric motor was after the steam engine, the second mechanical drive for vehicles. Later came as a drive yet added the internal combustion engine. In the 1830s, Robert Anderson is said to have built a "electro barrow". First electric vehicles for rail transport were tested and operated in 1842 by Robert Davidson on the route Edinburgh - Glasgow, 1851 by Charles Grafton Page in Washington DC and in 1879 by Werner Siemens in Berlin.

The first three-wheeled electric vehicle for the road, the Trouvé tricycle was built by Gustave Trouvé in Paris in 1881. It is often confused with the later built Ayrton and Perry Electric Tricycle. While the Trouvé Tricycle still had the pedal drive (and thus in the narrow sense represents a moped), the Ayrton and Perry Electric Tricycle could only be operated by purely electrically.

The first four-wheeled electric vehicle is the Flocken electric car, which was developed in 1888 by the Coburger fabricant Andreas Flocken. This first " real" electric car developed by integration of an electric drive in a horse-carriage. The carriage wheels were about a decade later replaced by wheels with rubber tires, which up to today in electric cars the usual tires has remained.

In the 1930s, National City Lines, which was a partnership of General Motors,Firestone, and Standard Oil of California purchased many electric tram networks across the country to dismantle them and replace them with GM buses.

In the 21th century the industry developed more and more vehicle which is able to use green Energy form the socket. The car industry knows that this step is important, because when they miss this step other companies or manufactures came and do this. Furthermore green energy is the further of our world. If you looked at the big company like BMW for example, you can see that they create tow new cars for the customers. In the year 2014 they present the i8 and the i3. This two cars have the best and the highest technology in there.

The BMW i8, first introduced as the BMW Concept Vision Efficient Dynamics, is a plug-in hybrid sports car developed by BMW. The 2015 model year BMW i8 has a 7.1 kWh lithium-ion battery pack that delivers an all-electric range of 37 km under the New European Driving Cycle. Under the United States Environmental Protection Agency cycle, the range in EV mode is 24 km with a small amount of gasoline consumption.

The BMW i3, previously Mega City Vehicle, is a five-door urban electric car developed by the German manufacturer BMW. The i3 is part of BMW's "Project i" and was launched as a new brand, BMW i. The i3 is BMW's first zero emissions mass-produced vehicle due to its electric power train, and BMW is the first company to launch a volume production vehicle on the market featuring carbon-fiber reinforced plastic to improve the vehicle's energy consumption.

See also[edit | edit source]

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