Here is an efficiency analysis of solar cookers based on the 1st Law of Thermodynamics and the 2nd Law of Thermodynamics, explaining also how to calculate the cooking power of any device.

## Based on the 1st Law of Thermodynamics ^{[1]}[edit | edit source]

**Energy input** to the solar cooker can be calculated as follows:

Where:

E_{i} is the energy input in W

I_{t} = total solar energy incident upon plane of the solar air being heated in W/m^{2}

A_{sc} is the surface area of the solar cooker in m^{2}

**Energy output** from the solar cooker can be found as shown below:

Where:

E_{o} is the energy output in W

m_{w} is the mass of water in kg

c_{pw} = specific heat of water in J/kgK

A_{sc} is the surface area of the solar cooker in m^{2}

T_{wi} is the initial temperature of the water in K

T_{wf} is the final temperature of the water in K

t is the time in seconds

**Energy efficiency** of the solar cooker can be found as shown below:

## Based on the 2nd Law of Thermodynamics ^{[2]}[edit | edit source]

**Exergy input** to the solar cooker can be calculated as follows:

Where:

Exergy input in W/m^{2}

c_{pw} = specific heat of water in J/kgK

T_{o} is the outside temperature in K

T_{s} is the surface temperature of the sun in K

**Exergy efficiency** of the solar cooker can be calculated as follows:

Where:

A_{sc} is the incident area of the solar cooker

The ability of a solar cooker to collect sunlight is directly related to the projected area of the collector perpendicular to the incident radiation.

## Cooking power[edit | edit source]

The primary reference measurement used by ASAE S580^{[3]}
is the **cooking power**, which can be calculated as follows over 10 minute intervals:

Where:

M is the mass of water in kg

C is the specific heat of water in J/kgK

T_{1} is the water temperature at the start of each interval in K

T_{2} is the water temperature at the end of each interval in K

This temperature change is detected over 10 minute intervals, thus the equation above is divided by 600 s.

## References[edit | edit source]

- ↑ Ozturk, H. "Second Law Analysis for Solar Cookers", http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/1138067100-85020668/content~db=all~content=a713635696, Accessed April 8, 2010
- ↑ Ozturk, H. "Second Law Analysis for Solar Cookers", http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/1138067100-85020668/content~db=all~content=a713635696, Accessed April 8, 2010
- ↑ ASABE Technical Library. "Testing and Reporting Solar Cooker Performance",http://asae.frymulti.com/abstract.asp?aid=24465&t=2, Accessed April 8, 2010