The circular economy takes nature's material cycle as its model and attempts to achieve cascading uses without waste and without emissions. Organic residues and waste, from municipal collection (organic waste, green waste), from animal husbandry and breeding, as well as agriculture and arable farming, from the food industry and gastronomy, become clean, renewable energy, valuable organic fertilizer and compost for healthy soils. Dry Anaerobic Digestion or Solid-State Fermentation (SSAD) has proven to be the optimal technology for the utilization of these organic residues and wastes, which are predominantly available worldwide in a solid and stable form. This is regarded as the new generation of technology for a biogas plant (AD plant).

This is a list of concepts related to biogas production.

Acetogens
Acetate producing bateria; these organisms take organics and produce CO2, H2, and acetate. All of these products can readily be used by methanogens.
Acidogens
Acid producing bacteria; these organisms take hydrolized products (soluble organics like sugar) and turn them into CO2, H2, and organic acids.
Anaerobic Digestion
A process, carried out by a community of microorganisms, that breaks down organic matter into biogas and mineralized nutrients.
Batch Process
A fermentation that you feed and unload once.
Biodigester
A sealed container that carries out the anaerobic digestion process; a biodigester needs to be able to separate and remove the liquid and gas phases and have an entrance/exit for the substrate.
Biofilm
An attached community of microbes in this case carrying out the anaerobic digestion process.
Biogas
A gaseous product of Anaerobic Digestion, this combustible gas is primarily made up of CH4 and CO2. The gas also contains trace amounts Hydrogen Sulfide (which is poisonous and corrosive), Ammonia and is saturated with water vapor.
Bioreactor
A container that carries out a biological process.
Continuous Process
A continuously fed fermentation.
Floating Dome
A biodigester where the gas is stored in a dome that rises with production. This is opposed to limited storage capabilities of flexible or fixed domes.
Hydraulic Retention Time
The amount of time liquid resides in the biodigester. Calculated by the volume of the biodigester divided by the volume fed each day. Units are in days. Hydraulic retention time controls your dilution factor.
Hydrolysis
A microbial process carried out by protozoa, fungi, and bacteria to take insoluble organics and convert them into soluble organics
Loading Rate
The amount of organic material you are adding per day. This can be expressed in volume units such as liters, or per the entire biodigester volume. Temperature, volume, type of biodigester, type of feed all control this parameter.
Methanogens
A class of Archaea that have the unique ability to metabolize acetate, CO2 and H2, formate, and methyl compounds into Methane.
Plugflow Reactor
A reactor that operates by significantly established flow, as material moves along it is broken down.
Sludge Retention Time
The retention time for the microbes in the anaerobic biodigester, often times controls the hydraulic retention time due to the slow rate of cell synthesis in a biodigester.
Tank Reactor
A biodigester that operates with a simple influent and effluent coming out of a tank where material is retained long enough to be broken down.
Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket
A granulated sludge technology

AIDG Biogas- www.aidg.org

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Keywords biogas, start up, how to, biodigestors
SDG SDG07 Affordable and clean energy
License CC-BY-SA-4.0
Organizations AIDG
Language English (en)
Translations Arabic, Uzbek
Related 2 subpages, 2 pages link here
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Created October 10, 2022 by Emilio Velis
Modified January 29, 2024 by Felipe Schenone
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