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Bamboo is a fast growing plant from the subfamily (Bambusoideae) of flowering perennial evergreen plants in the grass family Poaceae.
Bamboos prefer moist and rich soil for best growth. However, many bamboos can tolerate a range of soil and climate conditions, you just need to select the right one.
Some bamboos are invasive but there are non-invasive, smaller varieties of bamboo that can be grown in the garden without having them take over. Some of these include:
- Miniature sacred bamboo (Nandina domestica "Nana") - this is a dwarf variety
- Hedge bamboo (B. multiplex) – this variety is great for containers and can also be grown as a hedge
- Giant timber bamboo (Bambusa oldhamii) - this is a good screening plant that can be trained as a hedge
- Buddha's belly bamboo (B. ventricosa) – with the right care, this bamboo can be kept small and non-spreading
Uses for bamboo
Bamboo can be used for many things, from food to building materials. It can be turned into flooring, fencing, furniture, utensils, cutting boards, bowls, fabric, scaffolding, etc.
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