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Small Scale Vegetable Oil Extraction
Small Scale Vegetable Oil Extraction. Oilseeds are the major source of edible oils. The oil-cake remaining after the greater part of the oil has been extracted is a valuable source of protein for animal feeds. Nutritionally, oils provide the calories, vitamins, and essential fatty acids in the human diet in an easily digested form. Oils are used in cooking to enhance the flavour and texture of food. It has been estimated that while 30% of malnourished children in developing countries suffer from a lack of both energy-producing and protein foods, the other 70% suffer from a lack of calories which could be obtained largely from oils and fats. The per caput consumption of fats in tropical Africa is roughly one-quarter of that in North America. Only a small number of developing countries have surpluses of vegetable oils for export. Malaysia and Indonesia export palm oil, the Philippines export coconut oil, and Brazil and Argentina export soy-bean oil. In most developing countries, vegetable oils are in short supply with the rising demand due largely to population growth. The need to import uses up scarce foreign exchange.
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Decreasing turbidity to optimize solar water disinfection

Salt and sunlight can actually be used to clean water with the SODIS method.

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Community action news

Buttermere and Crummock Water.jpg
Oct 19 Environment quality UK: ClientEarth threatens UK with legal action as councils miss air pollution targets [1]

Oct 15 Environment quality: David Attenborough urges action on plastics after filming Blue Planet II [2]

Oct 14 Cambridgeshire: The city where children go to school in a plywood box [3]

Oct 14 The European cities leading the way in car-free living [4]

Oct 12 Climate action UK: UK climate change masterplan – the grownups have finally won [5]

Read More...


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Brundtland addressing the Congress of the Labour Party, 2007.
Fundamentally, sustainable development is a notion of discipline. It means humanity must ensure that meeting present needs does not compromise the ability of future generations to meet their needs.

Gro Harlem BrundtlandW
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Kiva's straw bale greenhouse
An alternative or natural building involves a range of building systems and materials that place major emphasis on sustainability. Ways of achieving sustainability through natural building focus on durability and the use of minimally processed, plentiful or renewable resources, as well as those that, while recycled or salvaged, produce healthy living environments and maintain indoor air quality. Natural building tends to rely on human labor, more than technology. As Michael G. Smith observes, it depends on "local ecology, geology and climate; on the character of the particular building site, and on the needs and personalities of the builders and users."

The basis of natural building is the need to lessen the environmental impact of buildings and other supporting systems, without sacrificing comfort, health or aesthetics. To be more sustainable, natural building uses primarily abundantly available, renewable, reused or recycled materials. The use of rapidly renewable materials is increasingly a focus. In addition to relying on natural building materials, the emphasis on the architectural design is heightened. The orientation of a building, the utilization of local climate and site conditions, the emphasis on natural ventilation through design, fundamentally lessen operational costs and positively impact the environmental. Building compactly and minimizing the ecological footprint is common, as are on-site handling of energy acquisition, on-site water capture, alternate sewage treatment and water reuse.

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ENGR 215 Introduction to Design projects – Spring 2010: World Shelters: One lab of the Spring 2010 semester of Engineering 215 worked worked with World Shelters to design and improve upon structures by leveraging the resources of Haiti and World Shelters.

Spring 2010 ENGR 215 Intro to Design Projects - World Shelters
Simple Square
Reduces the amount of unique connecting pieces needed to construct World Shelter's JAS Shelter  
Rock Roots JAS
JAS Shelter retrofits to withstand a Class One hurricane  
Make it Complete with Papercrete
Inner wall system incorporates the use of papercrete, a weatherproof and fire resistant material  
Rubble to Resource
Rubble trench foundations utilize rubble to rebuild Haiti  
Bags of Shelter
Earthbag shelter designed for use as a transitional shelter  
Titanium Sun Shield
Primer and topcoat application over the polypropylene exterior of a WorldShelters temporary structure  
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