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Plastics recovery manual 8

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Appendix 1: Illustrations

Asmae Chapter 4 photos 8 and 14 Chapter 5 photos 5, 7, 8, 9 and 13 Chapter 6 photos 2 and 3

Asmae is an association that, since 1981, manufactures and/or organizes singing and animation camps, and projects in partnership with associations and local communities, and sensibilizes the youth for North-South, South-South and North-South exchange projects.

The Asmae association shares its database listing all the recycling techniques developed by several developing countries in all fields (plastic, metal, fabric, paper, glass ...). The waste pickers from Mokattam (Cairo - Egypt) have agreed to share their formidable creativity in recycling with the ASBL Asmae. While 20 years ago, the scavengers were only small to medium waste recyclers, they are gradually becoming the best recyclers of the planet. It is by trial and error that they are able to develop interesting recycling techniques.

Asmae ASBL Av. de Wolume-St-Lambert, 14 1200 Brussels E-mail: info@asmae.org http://www.asmae.org

Volens Chapter 4 photos 4, 5, 6, 7, 9 and 10 Chapter 5, photo 10, 11 and 12

VOLENS is a Belgian NGO specialized in the sending of cooperators, development education and the set-up of development projects. For this, Volens can count on 26 local sections and thirty support groups which form the basis of the Volens organisation and his local roots, closer to the population. These sections and support groups perform in collaboration with the development education service, an information, sensibilisation, and education around the second and third-world projects which they support as well as performing fundraising actions to finance these projects. Before its merger with Volens, SOS/PG has mounted various partnerships through the "Service Projects". It is also how SOS/PG has partnered with the Mexican organization DIA-AC (Desarrollo Integral Autogestionario - Asociación Civil) which has favored a project financed by DGDC in its five-year program of 1998-2002. This project consisted of the "Establishment of a basic model of small popular plastic recycling workshops for a distribution in the state of Morelos". All photographs from this project were taken by DIA-AC.

VOLENS ASBL Secretariat in Brussels: rue de Molenbeek, 122 1020 Brussels Tel 00 32 (0) 2 201 02 70 E-mail: info@volens.be Secretariat in Ans: rue de l'Yser, 258 to 4430 Ans Tel: 00 32 (0) 4 247 75 75

CIPRE Chapter 2, photo 3 Chapter 3, photos 2, 8, 9 and 12 Chapter 4, photos 1, 3, 15 and 16 Chapter 5, photo 3 Chapter 6, photo 1

The Centre International de Promotion de la REcuparation (CIPRE) is a Cameroonian NGO that represents an international calling in the recovery of waste. The main purpose of its existence is both economic and environmental development. Its project "Cité PROPRE (Promotion du Recylage des Ordures plastiques et de la Récupération des Emballages)" enabled it to implement an approach of collection and recycling of plastic waste throughout the city of Yaounde. This project was supported by Mission de Coopération et d'Action Culturelle (MCAC) of the Fonds Social de Développement (FSD). Technical assistance was provided by GRET (Groupe de Reserche et d'Echanges Technologiques, France). Currently, CIPRE is extending its activities to the city of Douala. The photos illustrating this project were taken by Sébastien Willerval, André Frisayé (Foundation Frisayé) and George Van den Bossche (ISF) CIPRE B.P. 14180, Yaounde, Cameroon E-mail: ciprepropre@yahoo.fr

WASTE Consultants Chapter 3, photo 3

WASTE Consultants is a Dutch NGO involved in development projects for small businesses in order to improve living conditions in the urban regions with low income. WASTE Consultants is active in four areas: solid waste management and recycling, water management and sanitation, the use of bicycles as a means of urban transportation, the improving of community life. WASTE Consultants Nieuwehaven, 201 2801 CW Gouda, Netherlands fax: + 31 182 5503 13 http://www.waste.nl

Appendix 2: Bibliography

  • Ali M., Cotton A. ; The sweeping business : Developing entrepreneurial skills for the collection of solid waste ; WEDC Loughborough University ; (United Kingdom) ; 2001.
  • Bareel P.F. ; Rapport de mission Kinshasa 2003 : Evaluation d’un projet de recyclage de déchets plastiques ;
  • Ingénieurs Assistance Internationale – Ingénieurs sans Frontières ; Liège (Belgique) ; 2003.
  • Breyne P., Kellens M.A., Sorel N.  ; Les emballages plastiques  ; Ministère de la Région Wallonne ; Jambe (Belgique) ; 1995.
  • Christiaan Haan H., Coad A., Lardinois I. ; Gestion des déchets municipaux : Engager des micro- et petites entreprises ; Intermediate Technology Publications Ltd ; Londres (Royaume-Uni) ; 1999.
  • Compte-rendu: Journée de réflexion sur le recyclage des matières plastiques dans les projets de développement; Ingénieurs Assistance Internationale – Ingénieurs sans Frontières; Bruxelles (Belgique); 2002.
  • Des déchets et des hommes – Expériences urbaines de recyclage dans le tiers monde; Enda Tiers-monde; Dakar (Sénégal); 1990.
  • Dudez P. ; Le séchage à petite échelle des fruits et légumes; Edtions GRET; Paris (France); 1996.
  • Dulac N.; Integrated Sustainable Waste Management –the Organic Waste Flow; WASTE Consultants; Gouda (the Netherlands); 2001.
  • Esha S.; Occupational health impact of plastic recycling; 23rd WEDC Conference, Water and sanitation for all : partnerships and innovations ; Durban (South Africa); 1997.
  • Guía para el manejo del reciclaje de los plásticos en micro-talleres; Desarrollo Integral Autogestionario A.C. – Equipo Pueblo Morelos ; Cuernavaca (México); 1999.
  • Lardinois I., van de Klundert A.; Plastic Waste: options for small-scale resource recovery; WASTE Consultants; Gouda (the Netherlands); 1995.
  • Loozen R.; Fabrication de planches à partir de déchets plastiques; CODEART; Hombourg (Belgique); 1998.

ModecomTM et les collectes séparatives: Compléments au guide méthodologique de caractérisation des ordures ménagères ; ADEME Editions ; Paris (France); 1997. ModecomTM: Méthode de caractérisation des ordures ménagères; ADEME Editions; Paris (France); 1993.

  • Muller M., Hoffman L.; Integrated Sustainable Waste Management – Community Partnerships; WASTE Consultants; Gouda (the Netherlands); 2001.
  • Rajaram V.; Plastic Reprocessing Pilot Project Bangalore: Needs assessment – Environmental, safety and occupational health dimension; WASTE Consultants; Gouda (the Netherlands); 1998.
  • Rajaram V., Esha S.; Plastic Recycling in Bangalore – India; WASTE Consultant; Gouda (the Netherlands); 1998.
  • Recycling plastics: technical brief; Intermediate Technology Development Group; Rugby (United Kingdom).
  • Rollet J., Fontaine E.; Travail des plastiques – Plasturgie; Librairie Delagrave; Paris (France); 1970.
  • Scheinberg A.; Integrated Sustainable Waste Management – Financial Sustainable Waste Management; WASTE Consultants ; Gouda (the Netherlands) ; 2001.
  • Scheinberg A. ; Integrated Sustainable Waste Management – Micro and Small Enterprises ;WASTE Consultants; Gouda (the Netherlands); 2001.
  • Tchuente R., Willerval S., de Boismenu I., Hennart C.; La valorisation des déchets plastiques de Yaoundé (Cameroun); CIPRE; Youndé (Cameroun).
  • Thuillier F. ; Guide Technique d’Aide à la Décision pour la création d’unités artisanales de séchage agroalimentaire; Edition Geres; Paris (France); 1999.
  • van de Klundert A., Anschütz J.; Integrated Sustainable Waste Management – the concept; WASTE Consultants; Gouda (the Netherlands); 2001.
  • Van Hove I., Genard O. ; Atelier Art-utic: Récupération et transformation artisanales des sachets de plastiques usagés; Enda Tiers-monde; Dakar (Sénégal); 1996.
  • Vogler J.; Small-scale recycling of plastics; Intermediate Technology Publications; London (UK) ;1984.