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Published by User:Belomarka
Published 2013

Analysis of Wind Energy as an Alternative Source of Energy for Manhattan, NYC. The Efficiency Comparison of potential Small Roof Turbines and Tall Offshore Wind Farm.

The main idea of the project is to see if the use of wind power for electricity production can help to reduce the city dependence on power plants that run on fossil fuels? How much GHG emissions would be avoided due to reduce of fossil fuel usage in electricity production.

Wind Power in USA (overview)

Wind Power Additions Hit a New Record in 2012, with 13.1 GW of New Capacity Added in the United States and \$25 Billion Invested. Wind power installations in 2012 were more than 90% higher than in 2011 and 30% greater than the previous record in 2009. </ref>

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Project goals

1) Explore the wind power share in electricity production in U.S. and in NYC particularly; 2) Identify advantages and challenges of wind energy; 3) Find the cost and efficiency of small urban wind turbines on the roofs of tallest buildings in NYC ((type TALON5 Grid-Tied Wind Turbine - 5kW); 4) Find the cost and efficiency of tall wind turbines on the side of the Hudson river that can provide the energy for the sewage plants (type Siemens – 3.6 MW); 5) Calculate the amount of CO2 [kg], NOx [g], SO2 [g] and Particulate Matter [g] which can be reduced by using Wind Power Energy instead of Fossil Fuel Energy. 6) Compare the amount of wind energy GHG emissions with amount of other renewable sources of energy GHG emissions. 7) Compare the GHG emission produced due to small roof turbines and due to offshore tall turbines and find out which of these two types produce more; 8) Found out if any wind power successful projects have been already completed near NYC.

Design

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Costs

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References

[1] "Wind Powering America: Installed U.S. Wind Capacity and Wind Project Locations". U.S.

```    Department of Energy. January 19, 2012. Retrieved December 08, 2013.
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[2] “20% Wind Energy by 2030 Increasing Wind Energys Contribution to U.S. Electricity Supply”

```    DOE/GO-102008-2567, May 2008. Retrieved December 08, 2013.
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[3] Gipe, Paul. Wind energy basics: a guide to home- and community-scale wind energy systems.

```    Chelsea Green Publishing, 2009. ISBN 1-60358-030-1, Accessed December 08, 2013.
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[4] Dina Cappiello, “Wind farms get pass on eagle deaths”, Associated Press, 14 May 2013. [5] http://web.archive.org/web/20200219170938/http://www.aviewoncities.com:80/buildings/nyc.htm [6] Siemens Wind Power A/S, Renewable Energy Division, Siemens Wind Turbine SWT-3.6-107

```     Order No. E50001-W310-A103-V6-4A00, p.6 (Specifications)
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[7] Comparison of Lifecycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Various Electricity Generation Sources

```      (World Nuclear Association), July 2011;
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[8] “EPA Standards for Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Power Plants: Many Questions, Some

```     Answers” James E. McCarthy (Specialist in Environmental Policy), November 15, 2013
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[9] “Hydropower-Internalized Costs and Externalized Benefits,” Frans H. Koch, International

```       Energy Agency (IEA)-Implementing Agreement for Hydropower Technologies and Programs,
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[10] A guide to life-cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from electric supply technologies.

```   Daniel Weisser* PESS / IAEA Wagramer Strasse 5, 1400 – Vienna Austria
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[11] “LEITWIND goes to America”; http://en.leitwind.com/Home/The-first-wind-turbine-

```        for-the-USA
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Contact details

marina.bartke@yahoo.com