Societal ecology is an idea for a more general term, equivalent to industrial ecology but not limited to industry.
This page asks for alternative terms, and will promote the use of the most suitable term. Can you think of a better term? (A search for the term suggests it might be easily confused with "social ecology"W
Industrial ecology and non-industrial contexts[edit | edit source]
Industrial ecology and industrial symbiosis refer to a philosophy of integrated design where there is no waste, but every material and energy exchange. However, the term "industrial" seems to exclude key examples of this philosophy, such as composting toilets, home biogas systems and permaculture gardens.