Micro-sustainability

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Micro-sustainability is the collected small environmental actions which together may have a large environmental impact. It involves individual efforts, behavior modification and changes in attitude

Actions include recycling, energy-efficiency at a household level and turning off appliances and electric lights when not in use, setting thermostats appropriately, conserving water, and changing transport habits modes.

Large-scale plans for sustainability can then be considered macro-sustainability - these are addressed by governments and large businesses. They combat global issues through large-scale actions, infrastructure projects and policies. Essential to this is the business case, return on investment (e.g. through savings in energy costs) and (in the case of government policy) the impact on the society and economy. Tools include regulation, subsidies, research and development and investment.

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