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This Global Health Medical Device is designed for or implemented within resource-limited settings - Browse the devices - Add a device

Health Topic Maternal mortality
Classification Diagnosis
Scope Prototype, Commercialized
Location Africa

Problem being addressed[edit]

Postpartum hemorrhaging is one of the most severe causes of maternal mortality. PPH (Postpartum hemorrhaging) rates in the developed worlds have severely decreased, but they are still a great threat in developing countries. The World Health Organization suggests that there are over 100,000 deaths due to postpartum hemorrhaging every year.

Detailed description of the solution[edit]

Kanga, a type of fabric made of cotton commonly used by African women, is rectangular (100cm × 155 cm) in shape. Two pieces of kanga (with a mentioned size) soaked in blood estimate the threshold for blood loss more than 500 ml. Hence, kanga can be used a measurement tool to estimate PPH [3].

Designed by[edit]

  • Designed and manufactured by:

Women from rural Africa, primarily Tanzania.

When and where it was tested/implemented[edit]

Funding Source[edit]


Peer-reviewed publication[edit]

Other internally generated reports[edit]

Externally generated reports[edit]

Prata, N., G. Mbaruku, and M. Campbell, Using the kanga to measure postpartum blood loss. International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 2005. 89(1): p. 49-50.

IP and copyright[edit]

Approval by regulatory bodies or standards boards[edit]