Location data
Loading map...
Location Wisconsin, United States

Medical equipment data
Health topic Tuberculosis
Health classification Diagnosis
Project data
Status Clinical trial
Made? No
Replicated? No
Export to Open Know How Manifest
Page data
Part of Global Health Medical Device Compendium
Type Medical equipment, Project
SDGs Sustainable Development Goals SDG03 Good health and well-being
SDG09 Industry
innovation and infrastructure
Published by Evashiu
Published 2012
License CC BY-SA 3.0
Language English (en)
Page views 1,181

In remote areas and resource-limited settings, clinics may lack expensive, electric nebulizers to induce sputum samples for tuberculosis diagnosis and respiratory treatments.

We have developed two versions of the Human Powered Nebulizer. One is hand-cranked; the other is pedaled like a bicycle. The health care provider operates the HPN while the patient induces a sputum sample or receives treatment. This technology is inexpensive and portable, putting respiratory treatment and diagnostics in the hands of even the most remote clinics.

Demostration[edit | edit source]

Designed by[edit | edit source]

  • Designed by: The Human Powered Nebulizer Project at Marquette University.
  • Manufacturing: Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA

When and where it was tested/implemented[edit | edit source]

The first clinical trial was conducted in South African in 2010, in conjunction with the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and the Desmond Tutu HIV Centre. Additional clinical and field trials are currently being conducted in Malawi and El Salvador.

Funding Source[edit | edit source]

Funding provided by the Marquette University College of Engineering Opus Fund, the Northwestern University Alumnae Foundation, and the National Collegiate Inventors and Innovators Alliance (a philanthropic competition). Generous in-kind support has been provided by Particle Technology Labs, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, the Desmond Tutu HIV Centre, Cape Town, South Africa and the Milwaukee Institute of Art and Design.

Peer-reviewed publication[edit | edit source]

  • Kranzer K, Olson L, van Shaik N, et al. (2011.) Quality of induced sputum using a human-powered nebuliser in a mobile human immunodeficiency virus testing service in South Africa. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 15(8):1078-81.

Other internally generated reports[edit | edit source]

  • Human Powered Nebulizer Project. (2010.) Human Powered Nebulizer Project NCIIA pitch.
  • Human Powered Nebulizer Project. (2010.) The HPN in Masiphumelele, South Africa.

Externally generated reports[edit | edit source]

  • National Collegiate Inventor & Innovator Alliance. (2010.) Top 3 March Madness for the Mind videos announced. Link available here.