Gingko (Gingko biloba) eventually grows into a large tree, also known as "Maidenhair tree". It is a deciduous tree with a very ancient heritage as the oldest tree on Earth. It is extremely hardy, long-lived.[1]

It originates from China.

Gingko can tolerate drought, heat, air pollution and salt.[1]

Description[edit | edit source]

This plant has light-green to emerald coloured leaves. The leaves form in a fan shape. In autumn, the leaves turn a rich yellow.

The female tree has seeds and fruit shaped like plums with a fleshy pulp. As it ripens, it smells foul to the human sense of smell.

The tree eventually grows to around 40 to 70 feet in height.[1]

Growing gingko[edit | edit source]

The gingko plant can be grown in a container for many years.

It is important to choose a male plant if you're planning on planting the gingko in the garden to grow it to full tree size. Female trees produce fruits that smell bad and create a great deal of mess. As large trees, they are very costly to remove at this stage. Choose cultivated varieties.

Choose a site with full sun, although the plant can tolerate shade. It will grow in many soil types but not wet soil.[1]

Uses for gingko[edit | edit source]

Grow as an ornamental tree; it is often grown as a street tree.

Caution[edit | edit source]

The fruit is messy; the female fruit is also foul smelling.[1]

The juice of the seed pulp can irritate the skin, and if eaten can irritate the lips, mouth, throat and cause stomach pain, nausea and diarrhea.[1] The plant contains an alkyl phenol and gingkolic acid. The seed can only be eaten after removing the outer pulp, washing it and boiling or roasting it.[1]

The fruit is toxic if eaten in large quantities, while skin irritation is of short duration.[1]

Sources and citations[edit | edit source]

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Authors Felicity
Published 2015
License CC-BY-SA-4.0
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