Problem being addressed[edit | edit source]
Research shows that children in Africa that are born at home are extremely unlikely to receive drugs within 24 hours of birth to prevent the spread of HIV from mother to child. Because conventional containers cannot store the drug because they destroy the active ingredient, the only way for mothers to administer the antiretroviral drugs to their newborn child is to travel to a clinic immediately after birth. This is often quite difficult and leaves millions of infants at risk of becoming HIV+ during the birthing process.
Detailed description of the solution[edit | edit source]
The Pratt Pouch is a foil pouch lined with plastic that holds a dose of anti-retroviral medication. The pouch resembles a ketchup packet and can effectively store the medication to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV for months. If a mother cannot make it to a hospital to deliver her child, she can simply tear open the packet and distribute the drugs to her newborn.
Designed by[edit | edit source]
- Designed by: Developing World Healthcare Technology Laboratory, Duke University
- Manufacturer (if different):
- Manufacturer location: Developing World Healthcare Technology Laboratory, Duke University
When and where it was tested/implemented[edit | edit source]
Field testing is being done in Tanzania.
Funding Source[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
Peer-reviewed publication[edit | edit source]
Other internally generated reports[edit | edit source]
Malkin, R. A., & Gamache, C. C. Novel packaging of single infant dose nevirapine to prevent HIV transmission from mother to child in resource-constrained settings. Retrieved from http://dhtlab.pratt.duke.edu/sites/dhtlab.pratt.duke.edu/files/Full paper AHT Final.pdf
Externally generated reports[edit | edit source]
Novel approach tests mother-to-newborn HIV spread prevention. (August 23, 2011) Retrieved from http://www.pratt.duke.edu/news/novel-approach-tests-mother-newborn-hiv-spread-prevention