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Emerging economic viability of grid defection in a northern climate using solar hybrid systems
| By Michigan Tech's Open Sustainability Technology Lab.
Wanted: Students to make a distributed future with solar-powered open-source 3-D printing.
Pearce Publications By Topic: Energy Conservation • Energy Policy • Industrial Symbiosis • Life Cycle Analysis • Materials Science • Open Source • Photovoltaic Systems • Solar Cells • Sustainable Development • Sustainability Education
- Abhilash Kantamneni, Richelle Winkler, Lucia Gauchia, Joshua M. Pearce, Emerging economic viability of grid defection in a northern climate using solar hybrid systems. Energy Policy 95, 378–389 (2016). doi: 10.1016/j.enpol.2016.05.013 free open access
- Summary: J. Pearce. Consumers Can Profit from Leaving the Grid. Huffington Post Green 5.31.2016.
Abstractphotovoltaic (PV), battery, and small-scale combined heat and power (CHP) technologies are driving a virtuous cycle of technological improvements and cost reductions in off-grid electric systems that increasingly compete with the grid market. Using a case study in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, this paper quantifies the economic viability of off-grid PV+battery+CHP adoption and evaluates potential implications for grid-based utility models. The analysis shows that already some households could save money by switching to a solar hybrid off-grid system in comparison to the effective electric rates they are currently paying. Across the region by 2020, 92% of seasonal households and ~75% of year-round households are projected to meet electricity demands with lower costs. Furthermore, ~65% of all Upper Peninsula single-family owner-occupied households will both meet grid parity and be able to afford the systems by 2020. The results imply that economic circumstances could spur a positive feedback loop whereby grid electricity prices continue to rise and increasing numbers of customers choose alternatives (sometimes referred to as a “utility death spiral”), particularly in areas with relatively high electric utility rates. Utility companies and policy makers must take the potential for grid defection seriously when evaluating energy supply strategies.
- Levelized cost of electricity for solar photovoltaic, battery and cogen hybrid systems
- Performance of U.S. hybrid distributed energy systems: Solar photovoltaic, battery and combined heat and power
- Review of solar levelized cost
- PV and CHP Hybrid System
- Hybrid photovoltaic-trigeneration systems
- Simulations of Greenhouse Gas Emission Reductions from Low-Cost Hybrid Solar Photovoltaic and Cogeneration Systems for New Communities
- Photovoltaic plus combined heat and power
- PV and CHP Literature_review
- Vermont Utility helping customers leave the grid for fixed monthly fee
In the News
|Would You Live Off the Grid? - TV6 & FOX UP|
- Leaving the Electrical Grid in the Upper Peninsula- MTU News, Science Daily, Science News Online, ECN Magazine, Phys.org, Home Land Security, E Science News
- Leave The Grid In The UP? Michigan Tech Team Finds It Feasible - Tech Century
- Solar and Cogeneration is the Answer for Cold and Cloudy Climates - Solar Thermal Magazine
- Net metering changes could drive people off grid, Michigan researchers say - MidWest Energy News
- Off the Grid in the Upper Peninsula - ASME
- Report: Distributed resources to impact grid-based utility supply strategies - Smart Grid News
- How Utilities Are Fighting Back on Solar Power - Consumer Reports, Yahoo News
- State Senate bill may change solar power credit rules - TV6 Fox UP