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Difference between revisions of "Hybrid berries"

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(Created page with "'''Hybrid berries''' (also termed '''rubus hybrids''') are the result of crossing between various ''Rubus'' species, typically Blackberries, Raspberries and Dewberri...")
 
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'''Hybrid berries''' (also termed '''rubus hybrids''') are the result of crossing between various ''Rubus'' species, typically [[Blackberries]], [[Raspberries]] and [[Dewberries]]. The fruit resemble Blackberries but are larger, longer and slightly redder. Each hybrid has a distinctive flavour and can be grown in the same way as Blackberries, fan-trained on horizontal wires supported by posts.<ref name=bird2011>Bird, R (2011). [https://www.worldcat.org/title/practical-guide-to-growing-vegetables-fruit-herbs/oclc/992353698&referer=brief_results A practical guide to growing vegetables, fruit & herbs.] Hermes House. ISBN 9781843098324.</ref> This article has more information about this training method: <ref name=rhstraining>[https://www.rhs.org.uk/advice/profile?pid=93 Blackberry and hybrid berry: pruning and training.] Royal Horticultural Society.</ref> Hybrid berries have perennial root systems and biennial stems which fruit in the second growing season. In the first year the shoots, termed canes are vigorous, long arching stems. In the second growing season, most hybrid berries put out side shoots from the cane which flower and bear fruit. Most hybrid berries crop in this manner are termed "floricanes". Those few that fruit in the first year are termed "primocanes".
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'''Hybrid berries''' (also termed '''rubus hybrids''') are the result of crossing between various ''Rubus'' species, typically [[Blackberries]], [[Raspberries]] and [[Dewberries]]. The fruit resemble Blackberries but are larger, longer and slightly redder.<ref name=crawford2016>Crawford, M (2016). [https://www.worldcat.org/title/creating-a-forest-garden-working-with-nature-to-grow-edible-crops/oclc/1041938577 Creating a Forest Garden: working with nature to grow edible crops.] Green Books. ISBN 9781900322621.</ref>  Each hybrid has a distinctive flavour and can be grown in the same way as Blackberries, fan-trained on horizontal wires supported by posts.<ref name=bird2011>Bird, R (2011). [https://www.worldcat.org/title/practical-guide-to-growing-vegetables-fruit-herbs/oclc/992353698&referer=brief_results A practical guide to growing vegetables, fruit & herbs.] Hermes House. ISBN 9781843098324.</ref> This article has more information about this training method: <ref name=rhstraining>[https://www.rhs.org.uk/advice/profile?pid=93 Blackberry and hybrid berry: pruning and training.] Royal Horticultural Society.</ref> Hybrid berries have perennial root systems and biennial stems which fruit in the second growing season. In the first year the shoots, termed canes are vigorous, long arching stems. In the second growing season, most hybrid berries put out side shoots from the cane which flower and bear fruit. Most hybrid berries crop in this manner are termed "floricanes". Those few that fruit in the first year are termed "primocanes".
  
 
==Tayberry ==
 
==Tayberry ==
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''Background info:''  
 
''Background info:''  
  
Introduced in 1979 by Dr. D. Jennings, and named after the River Tay in Scotland. Hybrid between the American blackberry cultivar "Aurora" and raspberry. Essentially an improved version of the Loganberry,<ref name=fruitforum>http://www.fruitforum.net/articles/the-origin-of-the-tayberry</ref> and some say, the best hybrid berry.<ref name=hessayon1995>Hessayon, DG (1995). [https://www.worldcat.org/title/fruit-expert/oclc/33447512 The fruit expert.] Expert Books. ISBN 9780903505314.</ref> A chance mutation in 1998 resulted in a spine-free version (Buckingham Tayberry), now the main form grown.<ref name=fruitforum /> Tayberry received the "Award of Garden Merit" by the Royal Horticultural Society.<ref name=rhstrials />
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Introduced in 1979 by Dr. D. Jennings, and named after the River Tay in Scotland. Hybrid between the American blackberry cultivar "Aurora" and raspberry. Essentially an improved version of the Loganberry,<ref name=fruitforum>http://www.fruitforum.net/articles/the-origin-of-the-tayberry</ref> and some say, the best hybrid berry.<ref name=hessayon1995>Hessayon, DG (1995). [https://www.worldcat.org/title/fruit-expert/oclc/33447512 The fruit expert.] Expert Books. ISBN 9780903505314.</ref> A chance mutation in 1998 resulted in a spine-free version (Buckingham Tayberry),<ref name=fruitforum /> although seemed to perform worse than the original Tayberry, which received the "Award of Garden Merit" from the Royal Horticultural Society.<ref name=rhstrials />
 
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''Description:''
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Medium vigor. Good croping (2.2-4.8kg per plant) sometimes said to be heavier cropping than Loganberry. Cropping period of about 1 month. Fruit deep red, larger than Loganberry and Raspberry. Taste sharper than Raspberry, sweeter than Loganberry.<ref name=rhstrials>[http://apps.rhs.org.uk/planttrials/TrialReports/Blackberry%20and%20Hybrid%20Berry%202013-2015.pdf RHS Trial of Blackberry and Hybrid Berry.] Royal Horticultural Society.</ref><ref name=tayberrygroup>[https://www.rhs.org.uk/plants/131374/Rubus-Tayberry-Group-(F)/Details ''Rubus'' Tayberry Group.] Royal Horticultural Society.</ref><ref name=rhs1>[https://www.rhs.org.uk/advice/profile?pid=977 Blackberries and hybrid berries.] Royal Horticultural Society.</ref>
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''Cultivars:''
 
''Cultivars:''
 
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* Tayberry group AGM – thorns. Medium vigour. Good cropping (2.2-4.8kg per plant) sometimes said to be heavier cropping than Loganberry. Early-main season. Cropping period of about 1 month, mid-July-Aug. Fruit medium sized, larger than Loganberry and Raspberry. Taste sharper than Raspberry, sweeter than Loganberry. Tolerates sandy soil. H5 (winter -15°C to -10°C). Can suffer in winter in exposed northern locations, or heat damage in very hot weather. Good general resistance to disease. Possible pests encountered: aphids, leafhoppers, raspberry beetle and gall mites.<ref name=rhstrials>[http://apps.rhs.org.uk/planttrials/TrialReports/Blackberry%20and%20Hybrid%20Berry%202013-2015.pdf RHS Trial of Blackberry and Hybrid Berry.] Royal Horticultural Society.</ref><ref name=tayberrygroup>[https://www.rhs.org.uk/plants/131374/Rubus-Tayberry-Group-(F)/Details ''Rubus'' Tayberry Group.] Royal Horticultural Society.</ref><ref name=rhs1>[https://www.rhs.org.uk/advice/profile?pid=977 Blackberries and hybrid berries.] Royal Horticultural Society.</ref><ref name=hessayon1995 />
* Tayberry group AGM – thorns. Medium vigour. Good cropping. Fruit medium sized. Flavour sharp but pleasant. Tolerates sandy soil.<ref name=tayberrygroup /> H5 (winter -15°C to -10°C). Can suffer in winter in exposed northern locations,<ref name=hessayon1995 /> or heat damage in very hot weather.<ref name=rhstrials /> Good general resistance to disease. Possible pests encountered: aphids, leafhoppers, raspberry beetle and gall mites.<ref name=tayberrygroup />
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* ‘Buckingham’ – thornless. Medium vigour. Poor cropping. Fruit large but sometimes v small, distorted. Flavour tangy, flavoursome. Early season.<ref name=tayberrygroup />
* ‘Buckingham’ – thornless. Medium vigour. Fruit large. Flavour tangy, flavoursome. Early season. Some are producing v small, distorted fruit or fruiting sparsely.<ref name=tayberrygroup />
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==Loganberry==
 
==Loganberry==

Revision as of 09:19, 30 June 2019

Hybrid berries (also termed rubus hybrids) are the result of crossing between various Rubus species, typically Blackberries, Raspberries and Dewberries. The fruit resemble Blackberries but are larger, longer and slightly redder.[1] Each hybrid has a distinctive flavour and can be grown in the same way as Blackberries, fan-trained on horizontal wires supported by posts.[2] This article has more information about this training method: [3] Hybrid berries have perennial root systems and biennial stems which fruit in the second growing season. In the first year the shoots, termed canes are vigorous, long arching stems. In the second growing season, most hybrid berries put out side shoots from the cane which flower and bear fruit. Most hybrid berries crop in this manner are termed "floricanes". Those few that fruit in the first year are termed "primocanes".

Tayberry

(Link to Wikipedia article: W)

Background info:

Introduced in 1979 by Dr. D. Jennings, and named after the River Tay in Scotland. Hybrid between the American blackberry cultivar "Aurora" and raspberry. Essentially an improved version of the Loganberry,[4] and some say, the best hybrid berry.[5] A chance mutation in 1998 resulted in a spine-free version (Buckingham Tayberry),[4] although seemed to perform worse than the original Tayberry, which received the "Award of Garden Merit" from the Royal Horticultural Society.[6]

Cultivars:

  • Tayberry group AGM – thorns. Medium vigour. Good cropping (2.2-4.8kg per plant) sometimes said to be heavier cropping than Loganberry. Early-main season. Cropping period of about 1 month, mid-July-Aug. Fruit medium sized, larger than Loganberry and Raspberry. Taste sharper than Raspberry, sweeter than Loganberry. Tolerates sandy soil. H5 (winter -15°C to -10°C). Can suffer in winter in exposed northern locations, or heat damage in very hot weather. Good general resistance to disease. Possible pests encountered: aphids, leafhoppers, raspberry beetle and gall mites.[6][7][8][5]
  • ‘Buckingham’ – thornless. Medium vigour. Poor cropping. Fruit large but sometimes v small, distorted. Flavour tangy, flavoursome. Early season.[7]

Loganberry

Boysenberry

Sunberry

Tummelberry

Vietchberry

References