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Difference between revisions of "Erosion and Land restoration, Senegal"

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Revision as of 19:50, 1 December 2011

THIS PAGE IS IN PROGRESS

Erosion control and community development

Introduction

ADERE is a program conducted by the Senegalese organization ASAFODEB based in Thies, Senegal. ADERE is a program in rural development with an overall mission focused on food security and reduction of poverty. There are 4 main axes:

  1. Education
  2. Organization
  3. Restoration of the environment
  4. Agriculture

ADERE hosts projects in 21 villages in the region, with activities and formation in each axe. For efficient implementation and dissemination, a strategic organization of community councils has been created. There are three different types of the councils:

  1. Toundi
  2. CDT
  3. Community Pilotage

Axe 3. Restauration of the Ecosystem

There are two main components for restoring the ecosystem within the program ADERE. The first is educating the community, and the second is the physical restoration with the terrain. Educating the community focuses on conservation, protection of the environment, how to diagnose environmental stresses, and an overall awareness to causes and solutions of environmental problems. For each project a diagnostic is done to assess the environment and the situation. ADERE hosts three main restoration techniques:

  1. Reforestation
  2. Rock walls, to hold soil and change the path of water flows
  3. "demi-lune" , this is a hole that is dug in a strategic place that catches water run-off and flow and allows for more efficient peculation and groundwater regeneration.

The rock walls and demi-lune are often used together

Pictured here is the community in the village Pallo, constructing a rockwall. Before the project begins, a technician comes to observe the geography of the land, where the water runs off, after he/she guides the decision on the placement of the walls. This specific site is the ruins of an old calcite mine, that has left the land deeply erroded. Sacs of sand are placed under the rocks for a more secure hold.

Community in Action

Just before the walls, the community has dug the demi-lune to catch the majority of the run off. After some time, trees will be planted lining the wall, and in the space between the demi-lune and walls.

Everyone in the village participates, children, mothers, fathers, teachers, elders etc... Even people from the other villages, that belong to the same Toundi come to help. When this village is done, they will begin construction in the other villages. Construction is done in order of the degree of degradation.

With everyone helping, the walls a built fast, the work pictured here has been done in one week.

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