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Chemical resistance of 3D printable polymers: literature review
This is a literature review for a study on the chemical resistance of 3D printable polymers. This literature review is initially targeted at liquid chemicals which can "attack" 3D printed polymers. In the future gas and plasma attack can be studied but for now it is out of the scope of this lit review.
- 1 3D printing materials and their chemical properties
- 2 Liquid chemicals
3D printing materials and their chemical properties
PLA (Polylactic acid)
One of the most used 3D printing filaments. Various vendors and available in multiple colors. Biodegradable, potentially not very resistant to chemicals.
ABS (Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene)
Commercial 3D printing filaments: Inova Co-Polyester, ColorFabb nGen
Resistant to various laboratory chemicals
Taulman T-glase is made of PETT.
Ultem(R) is a commercial plastic which mainly consists of PEI.
Polyethylene terephthalate modified with glycol.
organic polymers can be here taken as the normal What reactions happen in organic polymers in liquids?
List of chemicals
The resistance of 3D printable materials at least to the following solvents, acids and solutions is tested:
- Deionized H2O
- Hydrochloric acid (HCl), 37%
- Ammonia (NH3), aqueous solution 25%
- Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), aqueous solution 30%
- Nitric acid (HNO3)
- Phosphoric acid (H3PO4)
- Acetic acid, concentrated
These chemicals are common chemicals used in many laboratories and many semiconductor processing steps, such as in the cleaning of silicon wafers.
Focus here in differences of organic polymers, their production, etc
- Moiseev, Yu V., and Gennadiĭ Efremovich Zaikov. Chemical resistance of polymers in aggressive media. Springer Science & Business Media, 1987.
Contrast these guys to organics
Schreirs, J. "Modern fluoropolymers." Scheirs, J., Ed (1997): 32