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Green wikis and development wikis
There have been many green wikis, dating back to Ekopedia (started in 2002), Village Earth's Appropriate Technology Wiki Project (started in 2004) and Wiki Green (started in March 2006) - the last two of which have since joined forces with Appropedia, and the first of which is currently in discussions about a merger. (See Appropedia:Tributary wikis for a complete list of merged wikis - these wikis are not listed below.)
-- insert edit count and page count in 0,000 format)
Active wikis with a focus on green living, international development, appropriate technology and related subjects, starting with the most active wikis, include the following. (If you find one that is inactive, please mark it Inactive and move to the bottom.)
Some fields have not been filled in (to complete every detail for every wiki would be extremely time consuming), but feel free to update and add to the table. (Leave the details on the talk page if you find the table markup confusing. We hope to have an easier way to edit tables, in time.)
- G = Green green issues (specific or general)
- A = Activism and/or politics in sustainability.
- Dev = Human and international development topics
- This is a sortable table - click the icon on each column heading to sort by the various criteria - including activity ("Edits in 30 days), number of pages, and topics.
- Activity is assessed by the number of edits in 30 days, with certain exceptions. This is not a highly accurate measure of activity, as edits vary widely in size and quality - however it's a useful initial indicator. This number is followed by "RC" which is a link to RecentChanges for 30 days, where available.
- In some cases the wiki only allows the last 7 days to be viewed; in this case an estimate is made for 30 days (multiplying by 30/7), and this is noted.
- Start date has sometimes been based on when the main page was created, when other data has not been found - in these cases it is marked. This could be an underestimate of age in some cases, if the wiki or the front page has moved.
||Start date; launched by.||License||Pages||Edits in 30 days||Notable features|
|Appropedia||A very broad resource on sustainability, international development and appropriate technology.||G||HD, ID||OD||2006-04-04; Independent (Appropedia Foundation)||CC-BY-SA||7,417||0,831 edits in 30d est. from 7 d count of 194 RC|
|Greenlivingpedia -||Green buildings and green living in mainstream Western, urban settings.||G||2007-02-11; Peter Campbell & Rob Janson, background in IT, an interest in green building?||GFDL, presumably moving to CC-BY-SA||0,552||0,000 edits in 30d RC|
|Coastal Wiki||Ecology and the natural environment of coasts.||G||2006-11-24; ENCORA - joint program of various European networks (governmental? NGO?)||Undefined||2,321||0,306 edits in 30dRC||Restricted to approved scientist contributors.|
|BioenergyWiki||Biofuels, bioenergy sustainability, and related issues.||G||2004-08-05; BioenergyWiki||CC-BY-NC-SA||0,719||0,000 edits in 30dRC|
|Pure Energy Systems Wiki a.k.a. PES Network, Inc.||Zero-point energy as well as less controversial forms of alternative energy.||G||2004-08-05; Pure Energy Systems a.k.a. PES Network, Inc.||GFDL||3,276||0,000 edits in 30dRC|
| Open Source Ecology
(The Factor E Farm wiki)
|Open design appropriate technology; self-sufficiency, living off the grid, documenting Factor E Farm's technological development. The nuts and bolts of sustainability. Open Source Ecology.||G||HD||OD||2007-08-20; Marcin Jakubowski, hands-on appropriate technologist.||Dual: GFDL 1.2, CC-BY-SA 4.0||6,635||0,402 edits in 30d|
|Sola Roof Wiki||Green building, specifically the SolaRoof design: "Liquid Bubble Insulation and Liquid Solar technologies."Richard Nelson||G||2004-01-09; Richard Nelson a.k.a. Sola Roof Guy||CC-BY-NC-SA||0,751||0,001 edits in 30dRC||PmWiki, uses sub-wikis.|
|P2P Foundation - cataloging the big ideas around peer-to-peer collaboration, in areas including sustainability and development; connecting movements and projects with a common ethos.||Focus/scope||OD||2005-04-25; Michel Bauwens.||CC-BY-NC-SA 2.5 plus fair use||6,966||0,400 edits in 30d RC|
|Wikia Green, a commercially operated wiki, launched in 2008. This was well over a year in the planning, with some difficulty finding suitable people to lead the project. Launched with much fanfare in the media.||Focus/scope||G||2008-??; Jimmy Wales.||License||0,665||0,022 edits in 30dRC||Wikia site|
|Non-profit organization developing a grassroots vision of sustainability for the community of Ballard, (Seattle)||G||A||2005-10-25; local community.||Undefined||0,358||0,000 edits in 30d RC|
|Swindon Climate Action Network
|For Swindon Climate Action Network volunteers to share information with each other and with the wider world||G||A||2006-02-??; independent group of people from across Swindon.||None found||0,071||0,000 edits in 30d RC||An "EditMe" web site, which is "a kind of wiki". Everyone involved with SCAN can edit.|
|EcoReality||An actively forming ecovillage in the South Gulf Islands of British Columbia, Canada.||G||A||2005-02-05; Jan Steinman/Saltspring Ecovillage Education and Development Society, EcoReality Sustainable Land Use and Education Cooperative"||CC-BY-NC-SA||0,605||0,057 edits in 30d RC|
|Critical Mass wiki||Focus/scope||G||A||2006-06-19; Wikia community||GFDL/CC-BY-SA||0,402||0,009 edits in 30d RC||Wikia site|
|Huddler's Green Home Community - Commercial wiki.||Focus/scope||G||(?) March 2008 or later; Huddler.com, green commercial site.||Copyright||(?)||0,000 edits in 30d RC|
|PermaWiki Almost inactive (around 2 edits per month).||Focus/scope||G||Start date; Wikia community.||0,247||0,000 edits in 30d RC||Wikia site|
|Green Options wiki||Green Options Media blog network (About). Commercial.||G||2007-02 or 2007-01?||(?)||(?)||0,000 edits in 30d[=40 RC]|
|Green Cooking Wiki "simple ways to green-up your cooking" Inactive - no changes from 28 Jul 2008 to present (21 Nov 2008).||0,022||0,000 edits in 30d RC|
|building-green wiki - A quick website for Brighton & Hove Building Green Inactive (no edits in 9 months to 21 Nov 2008). The About page on the main site says "Building Green has a wiki. You can access minutes of meetings and so on there." - But although it has a specific purpose, it apparently has not been updated, and "minutes" returns no results.||0,013||0,000 edits in 30d|
|WirelessAfrica wiki||ICT4D, Africa, wireless||ID||2007-06-08; Meraka Institute - ICT in Education, South Africa.||Undefined||0,121||0,000 edits in 30d RC|
|ICT4D||ID||2005-02-24; Ismael Peña-Lópe, lecturer at the Open University of Catalonia||CC-BY-NC-ND 2.0||0,633||0,000 edits in 30d RC||Spanish language interface to the same wiki|
| Solar Cooking Archive Wiki
|Using solar energy to cook food and pasteurize water. Design, manufacture and promotion.||G||ID||OD||2006-12-14; Solar Cookers International (see About)||GFDL||1,764||0,651 edits in 30dest. from 7 day count of 152 RC||Wikia site; multi-lingual|
| Howtopedia (en)
|Practical knowledge on simple technologies.||G||HD|| 2004;
Maud Chatelet & others, based in Zurich.
|License||0,268||0,000 edits in 30d RC||Multi-lingual (French 58 pages & Spanish 11 pages)|
|Akvopedia||Water: Water and sanitation subjects, especially low cost technologies.||ID||OD||2007-05-18; Akvo.||GFDL||1,938||0,185 edits in 30d RC||Akvo is working to integrate the knowledge resource with access and feedback mechanisms using mobile phone technology.|
| Water Wiki (UNC School of Government)
|Water: "a place for experts and everyone else to share and refine their knowledge about water policy and law."||HD||0,000 edits in 30d||Notable features|
|BCEOHRN Water Wiki||Focus/scope||G||HD/ID||0,009||0,000 edits in 30d RC||Notable features|
|AdCiv.org (Advanced Civilization Wiki)||Post-scarcity||G||HD||2005-08-22; Charles Collis||GNU Free Documentation License 1.2||0,150||0,000 edits in 30d RC|
|KM4Dev wiki||Knowledge Management for Development||ID||2007-01-07; launched by ?||CC-BY-SA 3.0 NonCommercial||0,385||0,011 edits in 30d RC||Community combines Ning-Dgroups-Mediawiki, active mailing list, & uses km4dev tag on Twitter.|
|GrassrootsWiki.org||Technical solutions & processes esp for developing countries & crisis regions.||ID||OD||2009-07; launched by?||CC-BY-SA 3.0||0,098||0,000 edits in 30d|
|Demotech||Appropriate technology as solutions to poverty||ID||OD||(?) (other parts of Demotech site are marked CC-BY-SA)||(not found)||0,000 edits in 30d RC||PmWiki; some Spanish content.|
|WikiProgress||Human progress, progress indicators||HD||2009-10?; OECD.||GFDL 1.3||0,491||RC|
|WikiGender||Gender issues, incl in development||HD||2007-09?; OECD.||GFDL 1.3||0,931||RC||Google Translate in wiki skin; Facebook Connect.|
|Sustainability Made Simple: The "Green" Wiki||2009 technical writing course||G||2009; launched by.||License||0,044||0,000 edits in 30d RC||PBWorks|
|WikiFootprints||A compendium of product environmental impacts, including product carbon footprints, energy use, and water use.||G||2016-10-26; Adam.||CC BY-SA 4.0||0,072||0,229 edits in 30d. RC|
This is by no means an exhaustive list. Spend some time with a search engine, and you could probably double this list or more. However most are minimally active at best.
- This list is partly taken from Greenlivingpedia:Directory#Wikis, also under a GFDL license.
To be checked and incorporated:
The following wikis are no longer accessible. Archived versions of the wikis may be available through resources such as the Wayback Machine. Information in this table is from the last update to the active wikis table on this page.
|Focus/scope||Green||Act||Dev||OD|| Start date;
|Climate and Conservation Wiki
|Global Climate Change (GCC) / Global Warming and how it relates to and affects the conservation of biodiversity.||G||0000; David Wiedenfeld||GFDL||0,134|
|Sustainable architecture - European examples||G?|
|Environmentalism and social justice (global but with an Australian focus)||G||A||2006-08-18; User:Naught101||GFDL, presumably moving to CC-BY-SA||0,525|
|Global Warming Art
|Graphic images and information about climate change; aims to provide easy access to the data and results that have framed the scientific discussion of climate change.||G||A||2005-11-17; Robert A. Rohde||GFDL||0,070|
|Green Policy 360
|Green policy for global greens||G||2011 or earlier; Steven Schmidt & Dean Myerson||2,276|
|My ECO Guide Wiki
|how to enjoy eco-friendly living and take serious action in a balanced way.||G||2008-07-31; People for Earth||CC-BY-SA 3.0||0,239|
|Open design appropriate technology; self-sufficiency, living off the grid, related to Factor E Farm.||0000; group connected to Factor E Farm & the Open Source Ecology wiki.||0,006|
|Open methodologies for sustainable business.||G||2007-12-17; Sean McClowry||CC-BY||0,082|
|Livable streets, urban planning.||G||2007; Streetsblog, members of The Open Planning Project||CC-BY-SA 3.0||0,299|
|Technology and Social Action Wiki
|Established to foster dialogue and collaboration between activists in social movements, voluntary and community organisations and technology designers.||A|
|The Public Health Wiki
|Public Health||HD?||2007-06-16; University of Manitoba||Copyright held by a university body||0,087|
|The Center for Sustainable Practice in the Arts
|Student-led sustainability projects||G||A?||2,276|
|G||ID?||2004-07; Jean-Luc Henry||Licence Art Libre (Free Art License, FAL)||1,802|
|to define and explain the techniques allowing us to build a better life for us and our environment||G||0000; Jean-Luc||FAL/GFDL(dual)||0,170|
|encourages discussion and the generation tips that benefit you and the planet.||G||2006-09-15;||CC-BY-S||0,425|
|Sustainable Community Action
|To link up community and personal action for sustainability worldwide.||A||0000; Wikia community||GFD||1,639|
|An enviroment and social justice wiki||G||A||2006-01-24;||0,124|
|The Sustainable Campuses project
|to empower students to lead initiatives on their campuses toward greater social, ecological and economic sustainability||G||0000; Sierra Youth Coalitio|
|Cloud Forest Institute
|Preparing students to forge a peaceful, sustainable, diverse, healthy, respectful, balanced, equitable, and hopeful future.||G||2004-08-19; Cloud Forest Institute||0,166|
|G||2008-09-04; Luca de Alfaro & Ian Pye;||0,001|
|PATA's Sustainable Tourism Wiki
|G||2007-12-20; Pacific Asia Travel Association (PATA).||0,005|
|The "Good Tourism" Wiki
|Responsible tourism||G||2008-12-18?; David Gillbanks||0,005|
|Green Infrastructure Wiki
|Sustainable Indiana 2016
|Sustainability in Indiana, USA.||G||0,009|
|It's Not Easy Being Green Wiki
|Seattle Permaculture Guild
|Stop Global Warming
|Art about climate change||A||0,001|
|Bright Green Living
|Green issues, restricted to students of San Jose State University.||G||2008-10-16;||CC-BY-SA 3.0||0,000|
|Sustainability, consumer info. About - "gives us choices for living a healthy, useful and conscious life."||2007-07-09; CopperStrings|
|Great Lakes Wiki
|ICT4D: the Austrian Network for Information and Communication Technologies for Development.||ID||2008-12-02;||CC-BY-SA 3.0||0,010|
|campus community members and organizations that have come together to see how education institutions can create solutions to the climate crisis.||G||2007-11-19; British Columbia student organizations||GFDL||0,257|
|Water||HD||2005-08-02; UNDP||CC-BY-SA 3.0||2,189|
|Laboratory and field analysis of water quality||HD||0000; the UNEP GEMS/Water Programme|
|Water: "hydrology, water rights, irrigation and any other topic which relates to water resources."||G||HD||0000; Wikia community||GFDL||0,457|
|Atlanta Water Shortage Wiki
|Summer School on Global Sustainability||Information on courses.||G||0,050|
||Knowledge sharing, especially in international development.||ID||2008-02-21; “tjordan3"||CC-BY-SA 3.0 (in footer)||0,220|
|Emergency/disaster management||ID, HD||OD||2005 or 2004 as Tsunami Help Wiki?, 2008-08-31 as HurricaneWiki; Hurricane Information Center||public domain?||0,146|
|Joint Bioenergy Institute Wiki
|Bioenergy||G||0000; Lead sponsor, U.S. Department of Energy's Joint BioEnergy Institute(JBEI).||Non-commercial research use allowed||0,074|
|open source energy monitoring, tutorials on building energy monitors, solar hot water controllers etc||G||A||OD||2009-01; Trystan Lea||GNU GPL|
|Transition Towns Wiki
International development wikis
Wikis which are focused on international development rather than sustainability per se, yet to be added include:
A list of these wikis including those focused more on international development (e.g. Akvopedia, Demotech, GrassrootsWiki, Howtopedia, and the Solar Cooking Archive Wiki) is found at SWS included sites list - this is intended to be the basis of a cross-wiki search.
- Why We Really, Really Need the Definitive Guide to Bright Green Living, Alex Steffen, WorldChanging.com, September 2, 2004.
- "I want access. I want well-informed opinion. I want stylish inspiration. I want one-stop shopping for information.
- "Now, I know that all of this information exists out there, piecemeal. But that's exactly the point: I have to hunt for it, evaluate the credibility of each source, suss out whether I agree with their criteria and aesthetic. I have to work. I don't want to work that hard. I'm an American.
- "We need to make this easy and fun, folks."
- Discussion in comments leads to the decision to start a wiki - as explained in following blog posts.
- Wiki Guide to Bright Green Living, Alex Steffen, WorldChanging.com, September 13, 2004.
- Lays out in point form the steps needed.
- Discussion in comments, including the idea of getting undergraduates involved (note: this has proven to be a valuable idea on Appropedia), and how to dealing with opinion and product information.
- Bright Green Living Wiki: An Update, Alex Steffen, WorldChanging.com, September 14, 2004.
- Announces launch, discusses first steps
- As with the two previous posts (and most WorldChanging blog posts) the comments were active and ethusiastic.
- "But the good is the enemy of the best. Even a good site can be a distraction, if it draws people in but fails to provide the best available content and the most vibrant community. And the best way to provide those things is to work with likeminded people who are already working on the same thing."
Very broad wikis
Other wikis have substantial amounts of content, in bodies of knowledge that are much more unrestricted in topic, but restricted in content type:
- Wikipedia (restricted to information verifiable by secondary sources, topical information, no personal experience, designs, how tos, instructions, ideas or collaborations related to anything off-site. See Wikipedia:Project:What Wikipedia is not.)
- wikiHow (how tos on almost any topic, e.g. How To Practice Sustainable Agriculture.)
These in particular are very active. Many contributors are active across a range of topics that interest them - or simply help to maintain the pages, regardless of topic. This has been a very successful model - these are some of the largest wikis in terms of both contributions and traffic.
Why do some succeed and some not?
Promises and enthusiasm are not enough - note the enthusiasm and promises of many commenters associated with the Bright Green Wiki, launched by the prominent and popular site, WorldChanging in 2004. The wiki never became active.
The backing of a high profile entity and individuals and broad media attention would seem to have potential to attract many contributors, but there may be limited "stickiness" to their involvement. Wikia has extensive experience with wikis, and chose not to launch until it was ready with active, committed support (possibly with a paid worker); the site has been more active than the Bright Green Wiki, yet the interest generated by the media attention has not led to a high level of activity beyond a few main contributors, who were already involved before the launch[verification needed] - i.e. it is active, but at this stage it is not one of the most active on this list. This may be seen simply as a matter of timing - the attention is certainly a benefit, and the site is in the consciousness of those who saw the news of its launch, but actually building a base of contributors can be expected to be a much slower process.
So what we see here is a relatively small conversion from reading with interest and commenting positively, to actually making contributions. And then most contributors make a relatively small number of contributions, relatively few going on to being active long-term contributors. Successfully growing the wiki requires improving these conversion rates and/or increasing the sheer numbers of people coming to the site in the first place. I.e. as a site's profile grows and more people come to contribute, the numbers may outweigh the lack of "stickiness."
Backing of solid organizations is also not a guarantee - the appropriate technology wiki was started by an NGO with a wealth of experience and knowledge, who seemed to find that it was not their core focus, and it was not feasible for overworked NGO workers to take on yet another project requiring intensive care. and even a UN body have had difficulty - note UNEP's OpenWater Wiki). Note that this is not to criticize these efforts - where they use open licenses, the work that has been done can be used elsewhere; and as wikis are a new technology, it is to be expected that there is a lot of experimentation
In other cases, of course, similar bodies have succeeded in establishing active wikis, for example UNDP's WaterWiki and the Solar Cooking Archive Wiki started by Solar Cookers International. In these cases there has been an individual who has maintained a committment to the wiki, and others who have contributed in smaller ways, very likely influenced by the active person.
Community and geographically specific organizations have variable results also. The backing of academics seems to be a potentially positive influence, where these academics involve their students in the wiki as part of their coursework. The students may or may not continue to be actively involved (Appropedia's experience is that the continued involvement is generally small if at all) but it does create a wider community of contributors who can be contacted with specific questions when needed.
The role of the group
Multiple communities within a shell - this is the approach of Appropedia, but it has not yet been successful in attracting communities (either organizations or locally based organizations). Also of the Transition Towns Wiki, which has 96 subwikis, mostly locality based (see the structure), and of SolaRoof. These are both based on PmWiki, which allows for more customization of the interface based on the community currently being viewed; also more of a "tree" structure, which is perhaps more intuitive and more easily allows for the locality based structure to dominate. Based on my own experience with wikis, and with my personal focus on locality-independent content, this strikes me as an inferior system from an information architecture perspective - however it does have a certain appeal, in terms of group identity and an architecture which is more easily grasped by the newcomer.
Note that although the local groups are very prominent in these two wikis, this is at least partly due to the fact that they have not created the same kind of locality-independent content. Both types of content are important, and finding ways to achieve both at the same time will be an important question for those in this area, in the next few years.
The main focus of most of these wikis is sharing knowledge in some form other than design. Exceptions include:
- Open Source Ecology (The Factor E Farm wiki)
- Open Energy Monitor Although not quite a wiki yet, it is open for anyone to get involved
Non-wikis include: Projects with flexibility of input style:
- The Open Architecture Network (OAN), using visual presentation, consistent with traditional methods of architectural design. The site uses an open license, but does not allow editing of other designs, or easily duplicating another project in order to "fork" the design.
Projects aiming at a more structured form of input, which would enable tracking of changes to the design in a way analogous to the diffs in a wiki page. This looks very useful where the issues revolve around the precise design, but may be less useful for gaining participation by less technical people, or where the main issue to convey is a broad design concept, and where there is flexibility in the details of the design (e.g. a briquette press made from old wooden crates or branches).
- Sam Rose's project... (under construction).
- Fab Lab. This appears to have great strengths in making prototypes and sharing designs in electronic form to be reproduced elsewhere, as well as for making "one-off" objects and very low production run products. It would be presumably be more costly for items that can be mass-produced.
Sharing of designs where lack of openness may be a restriction include:
These have some similar challenges to the Open Architecture Network, mentioned above.
Effect of merging
At face value, looking at the example of Appropedia (Appropedia:A history of collaboration), it may appear that merging has led to an activity decrease with in some green wikis - contributors from one of the wikis will tend to not contribute greatly to the combined effort. However, closer inspection of the timing of activity changes and broader patterns of wiki development reveals that:
- A big part of it is that most wikis don't really take off anyway, and many become inactive, merger or not.
- In some clear cases they become inactive before the merger. In these cases the merger has not helped with getting the participants involved again, in practice.
That's not to say it isn't a concern, and it needs further analysis.
The experience of Appropedia and WikiGreen suggests that merging is definitely best for visibility and traffic, and that brings more contributors. But the original contributors don't necessarily hang around - or, to be more accurate, don't necessarily start contributing again.
- "Minor" edits have been counted, as there is no consistent culture between users and wikis as to what is marked as minor. Bot edits are not counted. An attempt has been made to exclude welcome templates on talk pages; new user creation is also not counted, as there is no way of know to easily tell whether it is a serious editor or a spam bot account. Where spam and vandalism is noticeable, an attempt has been made to exclude this and the reversion of spam from the count. (While reversion of spam is a sign of collaboration, it is maintenance rather than creation of content.)
- Based on the start date of main page, from its page history
- A compatible license is essential for sharing content between wikis. However, when there are a small number of active contributors (often the case in these wikis) it may be relatively easy to get content relicensed.
- For MediaWiki this is taken from the number of probably legitimate pages on the Special:Statistics page. For other wikis, an AllPages or Sitemap page is used where available, though this usually leads to a higher figure as it includes tiny stubs and empty pages. When none was found, a question mark is placed in this column.
- Founded by Lonny Grafman, university instructor; joined by a water engineer and an IT professional. Backgrounds: Appropriate technology, engineering, Wikipedia-editing, business, IT industry.
- Retrieved 2016-12-07
- Retrieved and calculated on a date between 2016-11-21 and 2016-11-28.
- Although all wiki contributions may vary widely, Appropedia's reliance on service learning may lead to a greater variation according to student activity. E.g. 498 on 2008-01-05, est from 20 d of 332 (it's unclear why the number of days shown in Recentchanges keeps changing.)
- Retrieved 2016-11-28
- Under the Berne ConventionW the creator of a work automatically has copyright, thus undefined works are fully protected by copyright, under the law. Through the WTO as well as by nations signing the Berne Convention itself, this applies to most countries in the world.
- Zero-point energy energy, often claimed as being close to fulfillment, is regarded as pseudoscience by a great majority of scientists. It would require a fundamental rewriting of the laws of physics as we understand them. Even the proponents generally claim that their device
- PageList minus PmWiki pages, RecentChanges, SideBar, SubIndex, blank pages (marked with "?") repetitions of a particular userpage, and minus the second listings of main pages of each subwiki.
- Each subwiki can have its own sidebar and RecentChanges page
- Wikia sites are generally started at the initiation of an individual or group, though it's not always clear who this is. The Solar Cooking Archive Wiki (About) is one exception to this, being led in the beginning and until now by one organization. Wikia Green is another, being most obviously pursued and promoted by Jimmy Wales.
- Tried site searches for permission, license, licence and "Creative Commons", 2010-01-02.
- This is the number of publicly visible pages - some pages are only visible if logged in.
- Started 2005-02-05 as S.E.E.D.S. wiki (defunct), content moved to EcoReality.org 2006-02-12
- Currently GFDL, expected to transition to CC-BY-SA in 2009.
- This is not a MediaWiki site, the count is of all pages, including stubs. Wiki navigation and tool pages (such as RecentChanges) have been excluded as completely as possible.
- An "ND" (no derivatives) license seems problematic for a wiki, given that by nature derivatives are being made constantly. However, this may make sense if the ND condition applies only to the finished product and not to individual contributions.
- The English main page was created 2006-11-13, (fr 2007-01-09 & es 2007-01-14) but About states 2004. Was this a different installation, different software, or just the planning stages?
- Retrieved 2016-11-23
- ***Note questions discussed in the Appropedia community regarding maintaining group identity, in terms of a navbar/header that depends on the site the visitor came from; also discussions (on Twitter, between @appropedia and @MarkDilley?) about changing sidebar(?) based on the category being viewed. This requires software hacks?)