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Difference between revisions of "Lonicera caerulea"

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(Growth Habit)
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Fruits 0.8-1.0cm long, dark blue.
 
Fruits 0.8-1.0cm long, dark blue.
 
===Growth Habit===
 
===Growth Habit===
Fast growing, deciduous shrub.<ref name=pemberton2019 />
+
Fast growing, deciduous shrub.<ref name=pemberton2019 /> Not a climber, unlike the common ornamental honeysuckles.<ref name=whitefield1996 />
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===Reproduction===
 
===Reproduction===
 
At least 2 plants needed for good cropping.
 
At least 2 plants needed for good cropping.

Revision as of 22:01, 26 May 2019

This article discusses cultivation, uses and preservation of Lonicera caerulea (Honeyberry / Haskap berry), a cool temperate climate shrub with edible fruit in the honeysuckle family. The plant may perform moderately well as part of the shrub layer in a temperate climate forest garden.

Background Information

Approximately 180 honeysuckle species are identified. They are arching shrubs or twining vines, some are fragrant and are grown as garden ornamentals. Most have mildly poisonoius berries. Other edible honeysuckles include Lonicera augustifolia (Narrow-leaf Honeysuckle) and Lonicera villosa (Mountain Fly Honeysuckle).

Taxonomy

Family: Caprifoliaceae ("honeysuckle family")

Genus: Lonicera

Species: L. caerulea

Common names

  • Honeyberry
  • Sweetberry Honeysuckle
  • Haskap (haskappu, hascap, hascup)
  • Blue-berried Honeysuckle / Blue honeysuckle
  • Deepblue Honeysuckle
  • Bluefly honeysuckle
  • Edible honeysuckle
  • Swamp fly honeysuckle

Etymology

Lonicera after Renaissance botanist Adam Lonicer.W

Caerulea/caeruleus dissimilation of caeluleus, derived from caelum (“sky, heaven”) +‎ -uleus (diminutive suffix indicating small size or youth).

Haskap from Ainu language meaning "little present on the end of the branch".

History

Originally cultivated as a food crop in Siberia, northern China and northern Japan, now also in Canada.

Varieties

Characteristics

Range

Native to:

Albania, Amur, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Chita, Czechoslovakia, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Korea, Kuril Is., Magadan, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Primorye, Romania, Sakhalin, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Norway

[Source= Plants of the World Online][1]

Morphology

Mature height 1.2-1.5 m (5"), spread 1.5 m (5")[2][3]

Fruits 0.8-1.0cm long, dark blue.

Growth Habit

Fast growing, deciduous shrub.[4] Not a climber, unlike the common ornamental honeysuckles.[5]

Reproduction

At least 2 plants needed for good cropping.

Flowering from late winter[2] to spring (March-April in UK).[3] Flowers frost tolerant.[3]

Fruiting in summer.

Requirements

Hardiness

Soil Type

Tolerant of most soils.[3] Well-drained, organic matter rich soil is ideal.[2]

Soil pH

Tolerates acidic and alkaline soil.[2]

Shade Preference

Full sun

Shade Tolerance

Moderate shade, cropping reduced

Aspect

Exposure

Cultivation

Easy to grow

Planting

Other sources advise Potted or bare rooted plants in winter.[3]

Forest Gardening

Companion Planting

Allelopathy

Propagation

Semi ripe cuttings in late summer. Hardwood cuttings in winter.[3]

Maintenance

Low maintenance. Annual application of balanced fertilizer.[2] Over fertilization will lead to vigorous growth at the expense of flowers and fruit.[2] Mulch around base of plant.

Watering

Pruning

Problems

Resistant to pests and disesases.[4]

Harvest

Harvest when berries darken and soften.[3]

Stores for about 1 week.

Preservation

  • Freezing

Uses

Berries can be eaten raw.

  • Jams
  • Jellies
  • Fruit leather

Secondary uses:

Cooking

Generally speaking, can substitute for blueberry in recipes, e.g. in pies or crumbles.[5] Seeds are very small, so no need to sieve.

Add recipes or links here

Nutritional Values

  • High in antioxidants (3x higher than blueberries).
  • High in Vitamin C
  • High in calcium

References