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Difference between revisions of "Lonicera caerulea"

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(Cooking)
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Fruits 0.8-1.0cm long, dark blue.
 
Fruits 0.8-1.0cm long, dark blue.
 
===Growth Habit===
 
===Growth Habit===
Fast growing, deciduous shrub.<ref name=edibleshrubs>Edible Shrubs</ref>
+
Fast growing, deciduous shrub.<ref name=pemberton2019 />
 
===Reproduction===
 
===Reproduction===
 
At least 2 plants needed for good cropping.
 
At least 2 plants needed for good cropping.
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===Pruning===
 
===Pruning===
 
===Problems===
 
===Problems===
Resistant to pests and disesases<ref name=edibleshrubs />
+
Resistant to pests and disesases.<ref name=pemberton2019>Pemberton, T; Gearing, D; Marsh, C; (2019). [https://www.worldcat.org/title/edible-shrubs/oclc/1088729543 Edible Shrubs.] Plants for a Future. ISBN 9781791954949.</ref>
  
 
==Harvest==
 
==Harvest==
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* Freezing
 
* Freezing
 
==Uses==
 
==Uses==
Berries can be eaten raw.<ref name=edibleshrubs /> Seeds are very small, so no need to seive.
+
Berries can be eaten raw.  
 
* Jams
 
* Jams
 
* Jellies
 
* Jellies
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* [[Bee-friendly plants|Bee plant]] (like most honeysuckles)
 
* [[Bee-friendly plants|Bee plant]] (like most honeysuckles)
 
==Cooking==
 
==Cooking==
Generally speaking, can substitute for blueberry in recipes.  
+
Generally speaking, can substitute for blueberry in recipes. Seeds are very small, so no need to sieve.
  
 
''Add recipes or links here''
 
''Add recipes or links here''

Revision as of 07:25, 26 May 2019

This article discusses cultivation, uses and preservation of Lonicera caerulea, a cool climate shrub with edible fruit in the honeysuckle family. The plant may perform moderately well as part of the shrub layer in a temperate climate forest garden.

Background Information

Taxonomy

Family: Caprifoliaceae ("honeysuckle family")

Genus: Lonicera

Species: L. caerulea

Common names

  • Honeyberry
  • Sweetberry Honeysuckle
  • Haskap (haskappu, hascap, hascup)
  • Blue-berried Honeysuckle / Blue honeysuckle
  • Deepblue Honeysuckle
  • Bluefly honeysuckle
  • Edible honeysuckle
  • Swamp fly honeysuckle

Etymology

Haskap -- from Ainu language meaning "little present on the end of the branch".

History

Varieties

Characteristics

Range

Native to:

Albania, Amur, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Chita, Czechoslovakia, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Korea, Kuril Is., Magadan, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Primorye, Romania, Sakhalin, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Norway

[Source= Plants of the World Online][1]

Morphology

Mature height 1.2-1.5 m (5"), spread 1.5 m (5")[2][3]

Fruits 0.8-1.0cm long, dark blue.

Growth Habit

Fast growing, deciduous shrub.[4]

Reproduction

At least 2 plants needed for good cropping.

Flowering from late winter[2] to spring (March-April in UK).[3] Flowers frost tolerant.[3]

Fruiting in summer.

Requirements

Hardiness

Soil Type

Tolerant of most soils.[3] Well-drained, organic matter rich soil is ideal.[2]

Soil pH

Tolerates acidic and alkaline soil.[2]

Shade Preference

Full sun

Shade Tolerance

Moderate shade, cropping reduced

Aspect

Exposure

Cultivation

Easy to grow

Planting

Other sources advise Potted or bare rooted plants in winter.[3]

Forest Gardening

Companion Planting

Allelopathy

Propagation

Semi ripe cuttings in late summer. Hardwood cuttings in winter.[3]

Maintenance

Low maintenance. Annual application of balanced fertilizer.[2] Over fertilization will lead to vigorous growth at the expense of flowers and fruit.[2] Mulch around base of plant.

Watering

Pruning

Problems

Resistant to pests and disesases.[4]

Harvest

Harvest when berries darken and soften.[3]

Stores for about 1 week.

Preservation

  • Freezing

Uses

Berries can be eaten raw.

  • Jams
  • Jellies
  • Fruit leather

Secondary uses:

Cooking

Generally speaking, can substitute for blueberry in recipes. Seeds are very small, so no need to sieve.

Add recipes or links here

Nutritional Values

  • High in antioxidants (3x higher than blueberries).
  • High in Vitamin C
  • High in calcium

References