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What communities can do
Overview, see right hand column for more
Main article: Commons
The traditional idea of a commons allows for sharing within a community. Customs and laws enabled the commons to be protected.
Sharing economy is an umbrella term with a range of meanings, often used to describe economic and social activity involving online transactions. Originally growing out of the open-source community to refer to peer-to-peer based sharing of access to goods and services, the term is now sometimes used in a broader sense to describe any sales transactions that are done via online market places, even ones that are business to business (B2B), rather than peer-to-peer. For this reason, the term sharing economy has been criticised as misleading, some arguing that even services that enable peer-to-peer exchange can be primarily profit-driven. W In the case of "ride sharing" companies like Uber and Lyft, it is arguable that little to nothing is being shared, the cars belong to the drivers (who have to pay for their upkeep out of pocket), and the organizational structure is centralized instead of peer-to-peer.
The Mesh economy encompasses public and private sector organizations and firms working within the various realms of the sharing economy, the peer economy, the collaborative economy and the circular economy. The shift from defining unused value as waste to defining it as an opportunity to create value from more efficient resource use is the common factor among all mesh economy organizations. The understanding that information technology enables excess capacity in human capital to be more efficiently deployed to solve social and environmental challenges as articulated by Clay Shirky in his 2008 book, Here Comes Everybody: The Power of Organizing Without Organizations is an important influence. W
Public goods such as public transport and public open space are typically provided by a government using tax funds. This enables the provision of common goods and services which (due to the free rider problemW are not easily provided for by individuals or civil society).
Sharing Cities network, Shareable
Sharing City Lab, founded by the two cities Seoul and Amsterdam
BookCrossing (also BC, BCing or BXing) is defined as "the practice of leaving a book in a public place to be picked up and read by others, who then do likewise." The term is derived from bookcrossing.com, a free online book club which was founded to encourage the practice, aiming to "make the whole world a library."
The 'crossing' or exchanging of books may take any of a number of forms, including wild-releasing books in public, direct swaps with other members of the websites, or "book rings" in which books travel in a set order to participants who want to read a certain book. The community aspect of BookCrossing.com has grown and expanded in ways that were not expected at the outset, in the form of blog or forum discussions, mailing lists and annual conventions throughout the world. W
Little Free Library
Little Free Libraries are a community movement in the United States and worldwide that offers free books housed in small containers to members of the local community. They are also referred to as community book exchanges, book trading posts, pop-up libraries, and Noox (Neighbourhood bOOk eXchange), amongst other terms. W
A cohousing community is a type of intentional community composed of private homes supplemented by shared facilities. The community is planned, owned and managed by the residents – who also share activities which may include cooking, dining, child care, gardening, and governance of the community. Common facilities may include a kitchen, dining room, laundry, child care facilities, offices, internet access, guest rooms, and recreational features.
Cohousing facilitates interaction among neighbors for social and practical benefits, economic and environmental benefits.
In describing New York City's first co-housing project, a New York Times article said co-housing "speaks to people who want to own an apartment but not feel shut off by it, lost in an impersonal city." W / See also category:Cohousing
A potluck is a gathering of people where each person or group of people contributes a dish of food prepared by the person or the group, to be shared among the larger gathered group. Synonyms include: potluck dinner, spread, Jacob's join, Jacob's supper, faith supper, covered dish supper, dish party, bring and share, shared lunch, pitch-in, carry-in, bring-a-plate, dish-to-pass, fuddle. It is also referred to as a smorgasbord or potlatch. W
The Streetbank website states "Streetbank is a movement of people who share with their neighbours".
Tool libraries allow patrons to borrow tools, equipment and "how-to" instructional materials, functioning either as a rental shop, with a charge for borrowing the tools, or more commonly free of charge as a form of community sharing. Given their increasing popularity and proven history of success, tool libraries and tool banks are now playing an exciting role in the burgeoning sharing economy and can be found everywhere from local public libraries to makerspaces. W
News and comment
See separate article: Sharing news
October 13 -16 - MapJam 2.0
June 1 - Global Sharing Day
Apps for sustainability
16 Tips to Crowdfund a Tool Library In Your Town, July 2015 Shareable
Sharing Cities network, Shareable
Sharewiki, a wiki about sharing.