Ingredients of a successful commons
Ostrom’sW scholarship over the past three decades has demonstrated that self-organized communities of “commoners” are quite capable of managing finite natural resources without destroying them.
Ostrom identifies eight "design principles" of stable local common pool resource management:
- Clearly defined boundaries (effective exclusion of external unentitled parties);
- Rules regarding the appropriation and provision of common resources are adapted to local conditions;
- Collective-choice arrangements allow most resource appropriators to participate in the decision-making process;
- Effective monitoring by monitors who are part of or accountable to the appropriators;
- There is a scale of graduated sanctions for resource appropriators who violate community rules;
- Mechanisms of conflict resolution are cheap and easy of access;
- The self-determination of the community is recognized by higher-level authorities;
- In the case of larger common-pool resources: organization in the form of multiple layers of nested enterprises, with small local CPRs at the base level.
 Enable sharing
Open licenses are key to sharing within the commons.
One key difficulty now with sharing content is the popularity of various content licenses which are not all compatible.NonCommercial and NoDerivatives clauses break compatibility with true open licenses such as CC-BY-SA (using only the Attribution and ShareAlike clauses) as used by Appropedia and Wikipedia.
See An Introduction to Creative Commons for an overview.
 See also
- Governing the Commons: The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action, 1990, Elinor Ostrom, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-40599-8.
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