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3rd world CCFL lamp (2007 model)

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Cold cathodeW lamp

CCFL stands for Cold-Cathode-Fluorescent-Lamp

This is a new kind of Fluorescent-lamp that has cold Cathode tubes. Because there is no heat production there is less energy loss. The cathodes are on the outer end on the inside of the CCFL-tube-lamp. This tube-lamp needs very high voltage to work; the inverter-transformer produces this voltage. The CCFL parts are the CCFL-tube-lamp and CCFL-inverter.

Other names for this kind of lamp:12-Volt Heavy-Duty Inspection-lamp, work-lamp, garage-stick-lamp, Fluorescent portable lamp

Introduction[edit]

A Cold_Cathode_Fluorescent_Lamp source haves match advantages. But one big disadvantage is that the lamp is very thin and need good protection against breaking.

This lamp can have up to four CCFL-lamps and inverters, taken from electronic equipment like old document-scanners.


Benefit tubes in PET bottles[edit]

Safety[edit]

-Is more light-weight than the known type of lamp-cap -low voltage system

shape form[edit]

  • Is very simple and fast to make.
  • Is very simple to explain how to make.
  • Have no sharp edges.
  • Is lightweight only 0.2 kg, if the lamp-cap falls
  • Outside is made of soft elastic materials.

electric[edit]

  • Is watertight.
  • No metal outer parts that can conduct dangerous electricity.

Sustainability[edit]

  • If the lamp-cap falls, the elastic plastic breaks the fall.
  • Can survive more vibration and higher fall from heights.
  • The lamp-cap is air tight and hard to compress.
  • The tubes-lamps are protected against vibration and shocks.
  • The tubes have a very long life.
  • Insects, dust and water can not get inside this lamp-cap.
  • The bottle material Polyethylene-Terephthalate (PET) remains clear and strong for years
  • The chips-bag material (Metalized PET/LDPE) remains reflective for years.

In Use[edit]

  • Pivotable in every direction.
  • The outside of the PET-bottle material is very clear and smooth, and easy to clean with water.


Tools to make the CCFL-lamp cap[edit]

Measure tool, Sharp knife, Soldering material, Wire cutter, Sewing needle

Cigarette lighter or matches

More


Material to make the CCFL-lamp cap[edit]

2mm thick sticks, like sate sticks

Gummy type of (spray) glue.

Chips-bag reflecting Metalized foil material LDPEW

CCFLW-inverters and tube-lamps out of old document-scanners.

Flexible electric-wire like 2x0.75 MM2.

PET-bottles Recycling of PET BottlesW

Thin Nylon fishing-line.

1 mm Thick nylon fishing-line

(bamboo)wood stick


Electric parts[edit]

Soldering the electronic parts[edit]

WARNING the CCFL-inverter can have a dangerous high voltage output. Do not extend the wire between the inverter and fluorescent tube-lamp. More than one electronic inverter or electronic ballast Some type of inverters can feed two or more Fluorescent tube Lamp. Here is more information where to find CCFL material Cold_Cathode_Fluorescent_Lamps


Soldering the Cold Cathode Fluorescent lamps and the 12 volt CCFL-inverter


Soldering the CCFL-parts
Connecting the EEFL-parts

External Electrode Fluorescent Lamp(EEFL)[edit]

EEFL looks like CCFL with external Electrodes

There are EEFL inverters that can feed more than two parallel EEFL tube lamps .

Tube-lamp-cap with old model fluorescent tube[edit]

Some people want to make a new clean lamp-cap for their old fluorescent-tube-lamp(S) and electronic ballast.

Clean the fluorescent-tube-lamp(s) for more light.

With the same building instructions it is possible to make a lamp-cap with one or two old tube-lamp(s) and electronic ballasts.

This type of electronic transformer (electronic ballast) has the same dimensions as a electronic inverter. The thyristor component does heat up; do NOT let it touch the plastic foil. In this tube-lamp-cap there is space to make a bigger aluminium heat-sink cooling plate.

It is possible to use a energy efficient CCFL inverter to feed a small thin fluorescent lamp like a T5 model.

A fluorescent-tube-lamp can not handle the heat of tin-soldering.

Tin-Solder the flexible electric-wire to a two self-made tin-plate clamp for every fluorescent-tube-lamp that slides over the two pins of the fluorescent-tube-lamp. Do not use massive electric-wire Use very thin metal tin plate.

This tube-lamp-cap design is stronger and is more lightweight than the factory model fluorescent tube-lamp-work-light. The PET material is more clear and the chips bag material reflects the light better.

Fluorescent lamp tube[edit]

Fluorescent tube lamp with filament glow coils
Use Fluorescent lamp 12 INCH or 285mm 12 Volt/8 watt for holder/socket type T5 or G5 

Do NOT use a 110 or 220 Volt Fluorescent lamp

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fluorescent_lamp


Size of TL lamp

Part Measure Shape Size in mm
P109 1 Ø 16mm
P109 2 Ø 1mm
P109 3 L 5mm
P109 4 L 285mm


Chips-bag reflecting plastic foil

Assembly[edit]

Reflecting chips-bag foil[edit]

Use Chips-bag material with reflective inside.

The plastic is Metalized PET/LDPE.

This material remains reflective for years, much better than aluminium-foil.

Test this plastic to make sure it is flame-resistant.

Do NOT use PE-plastic or PP-plastic plasticW


Cut out a piece of the reflecting foil out of a chips-bag

Chips bag material

Measure Shape Size in mm
01 L 280mm
02 L 190mm

Glueing the foil[edit]

Use glue that does not damage the reflective layer.

Spray a thin layer of glue like Tixotrope on basis of polychloropreenrubber.

Put the layer parts together without air bubbles in between.

Roll up the plastic layers so it stays in the rolled-up position.

Melting twelve holes[edit]


Take 3 layers if Chips-bag reflecting foil


holes in reflecting plastic

Measure Shape Size in mm
11 L 280mm
12 L 190mm
14 Ø 1mm
15 L 120mm
18 L 50mm

Fishing-thread and Sate-sticks[edit]

There are three sticks needed

Use good quality wooden sate-sticks

Sate-sticks

Measure Shape Size in mm
20 L 1.5mm
23 L 80mm
Wrap Plastic around electronic-transformer(s)

Wrap the foil around electronic-transformer(s)[edit]

Put the electronic-transformer(s) in the roll and leave the Tube-lamp(s) outside.

Binding Tube-lamp(s) and Stick

Binding tube-lamp(s) to the Stick[edit]

Press one sate-sticks through three holes of the foil

Bind with one piece of thin nylon fishing-thread the tube-lamp(s) to this sate-stick.

slide in second and third sticks

Slide in second and third sate-Stick[edit]

Slide in the second sate-Stick through one hole in the foil, through a knot in the electric-wire, and through the other holes of the foil.

The knot is to protect the inverter for pulling forces on the electric-wire.

And slide in the third sate-sticks through the four holes in the foil.

Three_Sticks


Do not bind the a thin lamp-tube to all three of the sate-sticks, otherwise the lamp-tube will break more easily.

With the This drawing is to show how you can use more than one CCFL-lamp and inverter(s)





3rd world ccfl lamp in PET bottles

Printable building instruction[edit]

(press to enlarge)


1. Cut 3 layer reflecting chips-bag plastic A4 format, same length tube lamp

2. Reflecting surface on the outside

3. Melt 12x small holes in plastic with a needle.

4. Cut 3x thin-stick on length of diameter PET-bottle.

5. 2x knot in 12-Volt-wire.

6. Put 2x thin-stick through plastic and 1x thin-stick through plastic and knot

7. Put plastic through opening between inverter and tube-lamp

7. Put 3x thin-stick through holes

8. Knot tube-lamp to thin-stick with thin wire

9. Put 3x thin-stick through plastic

Tube-lamp-cap with more fluorescent tube-lamps[edit]



Outside PET-bottle bottom


Lamp-cap shell[edit]

(2007 model)[edit]

Make two bottles smoothly formed with steam Bottle smooth formed Plastic

Cut and melt a hole in the outside PET-bottle.

Outside PET-Bottle sizes

Measure Shape Size in mm
72 L 240mm
74 Ø 81mm
76 L 5mm


Inside PET-bottle bottom


Inside PET Bottle sizes

Measure Shape Size in mm
82 L 120mm
84 Ø 80mm
Slide in Bottle bottom

Slide in Bottle bottom[edit]

Make a rough surface on the inside of the PET-bottle-bottom, using coarse sandpaper or other tool.


Pull the whole length of wire through the hole in the PET-bottle-bottom and slide in the assembled parts

The second knot is to protect the electronic-transformer(s) for pulling forces on the electric-wire

Slide Bottle in Bottle

Slide in Bottle in Bottle[edit]

Make a rough surface on the outside of the shortest-bottle-bottom, using coarse sandpaper or other tool.

Slide in shortest bottle-bottom inside the longest one. (Do not slide the longest bottle bottom inside the shortest one.)

Otherwise the long bottle of the lamp-cap can compress and let air in, which would make the Tube-lamp-cap less stiff

Make sure the coarse surface on the inside- and outside bottle-bottoms are in contact with each other.

This is to prevent the bottle-bottom from sliding unwanted out of each-other.

Make water and air-tight[edit]

Glue the electric-wire in the hole in one side of the bottle-bottom with Hot-melt glue or gummy type of glue. If you take the same size bottle halves it is almost air tight already. A good air-tight lamp cap is better protected against mechanical compression. If this kind of lamp cap can be made air tight it can be extremely strong.

(2008 model)[edit]

work in progress


Lamp in one PET bottle shell

Hole in the bottle screw-cap

Coming soon, How to put the tube-lamp and inverter assemble in one lamp




Sealing haves to be done from the inside out.

Pivot joint[edit]

With a pivot you can point the lamp to needed direction

PET bottle joint

2007 model[edit]

PET bottle double pivot

Measure Shape Size in mm
91 Ø 70-80
92 L 70-80
93 Ø 70-80
96 Ø 22
Thick Nylon_fishing_thread.PNG

Thick fishing thread and Hook[edit]

Hook or eye

Thick nylon fishing thread

Measure Shape Size in mm
98 Ø 1mm




Hook or eye

Measure Shape Size in mm
101 Ø 10-15
102 L 20-25
Stick out end

Stick out end[edit]

The PET-bottle must slide over the out-end easley.

Bamboo stick out end

Stick out end

Measure Shape Size in mm
104 L 20
136 Ø 21

Assemble joint parts[edit]

The nylon fishing thread is very slippery Use the right type of knot to connect the ends together A knot named the "Water knot"

Link Water knot


Assemble joint parts




Printable buiding instuction[edit]

CCFL LAMP 2007 model

Steam 2x PET-plastic bottle


A. Cut 1x bottle in part A,B,L

A. Do not use part A

B. Put part B around part E

C. Cut second bottle in part C,F

C. Do not use C

D. Drill hole in bottom F

E. Put 12-Volt-wire through hole in F

F. Put F around part E and part B

G. Make hole in F air-tight

K Put thick plastic wire loop on hook M

L. Fit L on stick N

M. Make hook on stick N

N Stick N

O. part F through part K

Pivot joint 2008 model[edit]

Saw the M6 nut.PNG


Stef-pivot-joint

For the middle sized arm length.

You need:

  • bold M5x40mm
  • Ring 5mm x 15mm x2mm
  • Ring 10mm x 20mm x2mm
  • Nut M6
  • Hex screw or hex bold M5x50mm
  • Ring 10mm x 20mm x2mm
  • Ring 5mm x 15mm x2mm
  • Spacer
  • Spring ring M5
  • Wing-nut M5
  • metal or aluminium strip proximately 2mm thick 15mm wide, long 175mm

External links[edit]


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