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CCAT outdoor solar shower
CCAT volunteers and co-directors have an issue of being dirty upon the premises after working on the grounds. Thus came the opportunity to find a solution for this problem through the use of a solar shower.
The objective of this project is to successfully design, build, and create a solar shower using an appropriate technology-based solution.
What: Solar shower.
Where: Campus Center for Appropriate Technology at Humboldt State University.
Who: For the co-directors and volunteers at CCAT.
When: Spring semester 2019
Passive Solar Shower Basics
Our shower has three basic systems involved, solar collector, water storage and drainage. The solar collector must be made with materials that are efficient at collecting and retaining heat. The retention for heat depends upon the insulation of which the materials are located within. The solar uses a natural process called thermosyponing, which uses the pressure of warm water to push the cooler water, therefore circulating all the water to be warm with inside the system. Water storage must be placed above the solar catchment system, so that the warm water pushes to the top. The tank itself must be well insulated, so that during low periods of sun exposure, the water will remain warm. The drainage must properly disperse the water through using mediums made with different sizes of rock and correct slopes.
Passive Solar Shower Concerns
If temperatures becomes freezing, there is possibility of water freezing within the system. Another consequence of freezing water includes the non movement of water through the system, which would need a pump to circulate the hot water. In recent years Humboldt has experienced below freezing temperatures. The water tank that is installed must be above the system and is relatively heavy, so we must make sure our frame structure is safe enough to withstand high winds or earthquakes. In the sites proposed, there is a thought of lack of sun exposure or even proper insulation. There is also possibility of blockage due to mineral build up or other gunk expose in the system. Proper drainage needs to ensure no erosion nor flooding in nearby areas.
Types of Passive Solar Shower
Thermosyphon: A system where water is warmed through a solar collector and replaces cold water through the difference of pressure. This warm water is then completely circulated throughout the whole system, which would have to be an enclosed loop system. The tank is usually located above the solar collector to encourage thermosyphoning.Batch: A system where water is directly heated by solar. The storage tank is heated with solar and then is immediately applied for use. The warm water is flowed first being then replaced by cold water, insulation is key in this system. 
Design Interpretive Materials
Solar: Corrugated metal/ rubber or metal tubing/ windows/ flat black paint
Storage: 40-70 gallon tank/ valves/ shower head/ PVC pipe/ PVC fittings
Drainage: rock slabs/ crushed rock/ PVC pipe
Construction: 2X4/ screws
[Grafman, L. (2017). To catch the rain. 1st ed. Humboldt State University Press.]
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