Buckminster Fuller (often referred to as "Bucky") (1895-1983) was an American visionary, designer, architect, and inventor. He was concerned with the question of whether humanity has a chance to survive successfully on planet Earth, and if so, how. He devoted his life to this question, trying to find out what an individual like him could do to improve humanity's condition, feeling that large organizations, governments, and private enterprises were unable to do so.
Fuller has designed a house that can be built by a single person in a matter of days, user-friendly plumbing technology, buildings which self-air condition via ventilation design, world energy grid, etc. He has also designed a comprehensive world-saving plan, including such things as architectural designs and a world energy grid, outlined in his book Critical Path. He called his book Critical Path because he felt that humans will not implement this plan until they have reached a state of emergency.
Fuller wrote twenty-seven additional books, coining and popularizing terms such as "spaceship earth", ephemeralization, and synergetics. He also created a large number of inventions, mostly in design and architecture, notably the geodesic dome. His work is a major source of inspiration for the Hexayurt. Most of his inventions never made it into production, and he was strongly criticized in most of the fields that he tried to influence (such as architecture), or simply dismissed as a hopeless utopian. Fuller's proponents believe that his work has not received the attention it deserves.
Late in his life, he traveled the world giving lectures.