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Zane Middle School recyclable cleaning station

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Figure 1:Porta Possibilities SmartCart.
Team Porta Possibilities, ENGR 215, Spring 2015.


Abstract[edit]

Our team, Porta Possibilities, consists of four Humboldt State University Environmental Resources Engineering students. For our Engr215 Introduction to Design class, Merissa Coello, Brent Davis, Isaiah Duarte and Erin Mcdannold were given the opportunity to work with a local school, Zane Middle School, and improve their process of recycling. Our project was to improve the process that was currently in place of cleaning the recyclables from the school's cafeteria.

Background[edit]

Zane Middle School in Eureka California is working to reduce the amount of waste produced daily through recycling. As a part of this effort, staff have worked out a deal with Eel River Recycling to recycle milk cartons, a product that is not typically or easily recycled. Milk cartons and other common cafeteria waste (Figure 2) are washed in 5 gallon buckets placed on an unstable cart that spills water during transportation creating safety hazards for students and faculty. Figures 3 and 4 are included to demonstrate the high amount of waste Zane produces. This project will focus on creating a new portable and durable to clean the recyclables produced by the Zane Middle School's cafeteria.

Figure 2:Daily waste produced at Zane Middle School  
Figure 3:Amount of silverware produced in 10 weeks (2.5 months)  
Figure 4:Amount of cereal containers produced in 6 weeks (1.5 months)  

Table 1 provides the amount of waste produced daily at Zane Middle School.

Table 1: Zane Middle Schools Daily Waste
Waste Amount
Milk Cartons 450 cartons
Silverware 300 units
Cereal Bowls 50 bowls
Milk 7 gallons

Criteria[edit]

The criteria used to determine how well the final solution fits the clients needs were determined to Porta Possibilities with advice from the client. Each criteria is defined and weighted on a scale from 1-10. 10 being the highest representing the most important. The criteria, definition and weight are presented in table 2.

Table 2: Client Criteria Listed by Weight
Criteria Description Weight
Portability Cart can be transferred through narrow doorways and over a variety of uneven terrains 10
Durability Cart can withstand daily use without degrading quality 10
Stability Cart remains stationary when in use 9
Safety Cart can be used by Middle School children with adult supervision 9
Ease of Cleaning Cart needs little maintenance and is easily washed after use 7
Upcycled Cart is made of as many upcycled materials as possible 6
Aesthetics Cart is visually appealing 6

Project Goals[edit]

  1. Create a very durable cart to wash recyclables before recycling
  2. Improve ease of portability of the cart
  3. Improve the overall experience of recycling wastes produced by the school's cafeteria

Description of Final Design[edit]

The final design includes a restaurant grade stainless steel sink(with three sinks) for durability and ease of maintenance. The sink is connected to a garden cart equipped with pneumatic wheels on an axle, providing the cart with an wide turn radius with the wagon style steering. The sink is attached to the cart with steel bars to elevate the sink and for reinforcement. The sink has a custom made lid with fitted seals for each sink to ensure the lid is stationary during transportation. The lid has two convenient handles right outside of the replicated school logo(painted by hand by Erin McDannold). Underneath the sinks, each drain is connected to a simple ABS drainage system that can be released directly over a sewer drain. The system can be activated with one main valve once each drain stopper is removed from each sink. The cart is help place over the sewer drain with a basic 2x4 foot under a pair of the wheels. On one side of the cart there is a tension clip in place to hold the wagon handle up while the cart is in use. To provide an area for a 5 gallon bucket filled with milk during transportation, small metal pegs have been installed on the handle side of the cart to ensure the client has control over the milk filled bucket.

Figure 5:Tabled SmartCart, Lid Handles, Base Frame, 2x4 foot Wheel Stopper, Pneumatic Wheels, Tension Clip, Sinks  
Figure 6: Tabled SmartCart ABS Drainage System, Main Valve, Tabled Lid Fitted Seal  


Costs[edit]

The amount of hours spent by Porta Possibilities for the SmartCart is shown in a pie chart demonstrated in Figure 7. The pie chart is split up into the 6 Sections of the document. Building hours are included in the Section 6. About 60 hours of the 85 hours in Section 6 are building hours. A total of 169 hours was spent on the SmartCart.

Costinhours-2appro Chart1.jpg

Figure 7(above): Time spent for the SmartCart.

All the materials used in building the SmartCart are recorded below in Table 1. Each item is accompanied by the amount used in the SmartCart, the retail cost, and the team cost. Multiple items were donated as reused materials and reduced the team cost by around $200. A total of $240.16 was spent by Porta Possibilities on the SmartCart, using $459.86 worth of materials.


Item Quantity Retail Cost ($) Team Cost ($)
Sinks 1 84.00 3.99
Garden Wagon 1 81.55 81.55
Clip Tension 1 3.99 3.99
Paint (cans) 2 48.59 48.59
Lid 1 40.00 Donated
Lid Handles 2 9.98 9.98
Edge Tubing 8 1.52 1.52
Sink Insulation (cans) 2 13.98 13.98
Drainage System 1 70.55 70.55
Steel Legs 6 86.70 Donated
Total Cost 450.86 240.16

Results[edit]

The SmartCart allows the client to easily transport the cart, clean the recyclables and drain the used water directly down the sewer drain. The bucket holder and lid prevent spillage upon transport. The lid also allows the hot water to only drop 100 to 87 degrees F after remaining stationary for over five hours. This lets the client use one batch of water for two cleaning sessions. The new process also allows kids to safely join in the process. In summery, the overall cleaning experience was enhanced and the carts colors and Zane Middle School logo further promote pride.

How to Build[edit]

Required Materials:

  1. Restaurant grade sink
  2. Garden Cart (or other cart with pneumatic wheels on an axle)
  3. Steel corner bars (17" long) [6]
  4. Hoses (and appropriate sink attachments)
  5. Sink drain strainers
  6. Wooden Lid
  7. Rubber tubing (used as lid sealant)
  8. Plastic tubing (used as liner on sharp edges)
  9. Metal cylinders[3]
  10. Tension clip
  11. Paint
  12. ABS cement glue
  13. ABS piping with appropriate corners,valves, etc.
  14. 5 gallon bucket
  15. Tension Clip
How to Build the SmartCart
ImageStep
IMG 2002.jpg Step 1: Paint Base Cart(once dry, proceed to next step)
IMG 1917.jpg Step 2: Assemble Base Cart
IMG 1927.jpg Step 3: Weld steel bars together(legs of sink)
IMG 2002 2.jpg Step 4: Paint Legs, if rusty use primer!!(once dry, proceed to next step)
IMG 1935.jpg Step 5: Drill bars into basecart
IMG 1947.jpg Step 6: Drill steel bars into sink
P1010148.JPG Step 7: Attach metal cylinders in corner of sink area to hold the circumference of the 5 gallon bucket
IMG 2026.jpg Step 8: Paint Lid(once dry, proceed to next step)
Step 9: Attach handles to lid
IMG 2048.JPG Step 10: Attach weather stripping to underside of lid to act as suction seal for the lid
P1010072.JPG Step 11: Attach plastic tubing with ABS cement glue to any sharp edges of for safety
IMG 2030.JPG Step 12: Assemble Drainage System
P1010076.JPG Step 13: Attach tension clip to sink to hold wagon handle


Discussion and Next Steps[edit]

After implimenting the cart into Zane Middle School's daily agenda, we have found that the cart is very much effective. The next steps consist only of maintaining the cleanliness and functionality of the cart. This can be done by washing the cart on a regular basis, as well as checking the inflation of the tires and the tightness of the bolts throughout.

Video[edit]

A video demonstrating the project process and starring Team Porta Possbilities.


References[edit]

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Contact details[edit]