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Solarpunk is a relatively new eco-futurist, mixed genre speculative movement and subgenre focused on envisioning a positive future beyond scarcity and hierarchy, in which humanity is reintegrated with nature, and technology is used for human-centric and ecocentric purposes. The term "solarpunk" is generally credited to the user missolivialouise on the popular social blogging platform Tumblr in August 2014; though it appears to have also been coined by several different people independently in the early 2010s.
Solarpunk arose within the larger movement of cyberpunk, steampunk, biopunk, and related subgenres. It distinguishes itself from these other movements by being less gritty and more optimistic. In particular it contrasts greatly with postcyberpunk, which accepts the world we have and the systems that support it like globalization, industrialization, and exploiting resources in slightly-less-bad ways. Solarpunk aims to subvert those systems and replace them with ones that work better in the long-term through local communities, supporting artisans, and living sustainably.
Solarpunk fiction is usually set in a semi-utopian future, either near-term or long-term or more rarely the far past. As in other genres of speculative fiction fantastical elements are common; for example: solar-sail-powered, bio-plastic flying ships or organisms reminiscent of mythical creatures, probably genetic engineered.
Solarpunk has a distinct set of aesthetics. Greens, earth tones, and bright yellows, golds, whites, silvers and blues predominate the color palette. Buildings and machines have organic shapes and integrate plants into their forms. Light, loose-fitting garments typify solarpunk fashion. However, cosplay has not yet played a large role as in steampunk.
- Solarpunk: Notes toward a manifesto
- Solarpunk: A Reference Guide
- On the Political Dimensions of Solarpunk
- Solarpunk community on Reddit
- Solarpunk hashtag on Tumblr
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