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Africa, community action for sustainability

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Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most-populous continent. With 1.1 billion people as of 2013, it accounts for about 15% of the world's human population. W

Environmental issues in Africa[edit]

Environmental issues in Africa are caused by anthropogenic effects on the African natural environment and have major impacts on humans and nearly all forms of endemic life. Issues include desertification, problems with access to safe water supply, population explosion and fauna depletion. These issues are ultimately linked to over-population in Africa, as well as on a global scale. Nearly all of Africa's environmental problems are geographically variable and human induced, though not necessarily by Africans. W

Deforestation in Africa[edit]

Africa is suffering deforestation at twice the world rate, according to the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). Some sources claim that deforestation has already wiped out roughly 90% of West Africa's original forests. Deforestation is accelerating in Central Africa. According to the FAO, Africa lost the highest percentage of tropical forests of any continent during the 1980s, 1990s, and early 2000s. According to the figures from the FAO (1997), only 22.8% of West Africa's moist forests remain, much of this degraded. Nigeria has lost 81% of its old-growth forests in just 15 years (1990–2005). Massive deforestation threatens food security in some African countries. One factor contributing to the continent's high rates of deforestation is the dependence of 90% of its population on wood as fuel for heating and cooking.

Research carried out by WWF International in 2006 shows that in Africa, rates of illegal logging vary from 50% in Cameroon and Equatorial Guinea to 70% in Gabon and 80% in Liberia – where timber revenues played a major role in financing the Sierra Leone Civil War and other regional armed conflicts until the UN Security Council imposed a ban on all Liberian timber in 2003. W

Sustainability initiatives[edit]

Local sustainability initiatives[edit]

Please see our national pages via the Africa category, where of course you can share any more information you may have about local sustainability initiatives.

Initiatives by topic[edit]

Biodiversity[edit]

Serengeti Watch

Africa has over 3,000 protected areas, with 198 marine protected areas, 50 biosphere reserves and 80 wetlands reserves. Significant habitat destruction, increases in human population and poaching are reducing Africa's biological diversity. Human encroachment, civil unrest and the introduction of non-native species threatens biodiversity in Africa. This has been exacerbated by administrative problems, inadequate personnel and funding problems. W

Community energy[edit]

Solar Sister eradicating energy poverty by empowering women with economic opportunity

The 'Fuel from Waste' Network - M-KOPA Solar - ColdHubs

Food[edit]

Alliance for Food Sovereignty in Africa - Farm Africa - Slow Food in Africa

Social inclusion[edit]

Southern African Regional Poverty Network - Français - Rede Regional da Pobreza na África Austral (Português}

Sustainable livelihood[edit]

dadamac.net, Collaboration, Education, Livelihoods and Development in a Changing World

Sustainable transport[edit]

Africa Streets Mission

Trees, woodland and forest[edit]

Greenpop, social enterprise that runs urban greening and reforestation projects in sub-Saharan Africa.

The Great Green Wall or Great Green Wall of the Sahara and the Sahel Initiative (French: Grande Muraille Verte pour le Sahara et le Sahel) is a planned project to plant a wall of trees across Africa at the southern edge of the Sahara desert as a means to prevent desertification. It was developed by the African Union to address the detrimental social, economic and environmental impacts of land degradation and desertification in the Sahel and the Sahara. FAO page on the Great Green Wall W

Urban sustainability[edit]

Africa now has 350 million urban dwellers, more than the populations of Canada and the United States combined. Asia and Africa are expected to double their urban populations to roughly 3.4 billion by 2030. [1]

News and comment[edit]

2016

Six bright ideas lighting up Africa from the grassroots, Nov 23 [2]

Cape Verde: The African country that plans to run on 100% renewable energy by 2020, Sep 29 [3]

Plastic Shopping Bags Will Soon Be History Everywhere in Africa. Here's Why... Jun 4 [4]

The rise of internet veg box schemes in sub-Saharan Africa, February 11 [5]

2015

African countries are building a “Great Green Wall” to beat back the Sahara desert, Dec 22 [6]

The tremendous success of agroecology in Africa, November 21 [7]

Benin tackles climate change with sunshine and coconuts, November 17 [8]

How low-tech farming innovations can make African farmers climate-resilient, September 21 [9]

‘Permaculture the African Way’ in Cameroon’s Only Eco-Village, August 2 [10]

We need a new convention to protect Africa's environment, May 7 [11]

2014

Africa builds 'Great Green Wall' of trees to improve farmlands, July 24 [12]

Major victory for wildlife conservation in Africa as the Serengeti Highway is ruled unlawful, June 21 [13]

Tunisia embeds climate change in constitution, January 27 [14]

2011

Small, import-dependent countries, particularly in Africa, more vulnerable to food insecurity, [15] October 10

2010

"Gibe III dam will be a disaster of cataclysmic proportions for the tribes of the Omo valley", [16] March 23

2009

Wonder tree could be one answer to food scarcity in Africa, [17] August 28

Kenya to build Africa's biggest windfarm, [18] July 27

Deforestation 'faster in Africa', [19] May 26

Extensive forest fires are affecting several of Kenya's key moisture reservoirs including the 400,000-hectare Mau Forest Complex, Kenya's largest forest and the source of water for at least twelve rivers. [20] March 25. Important Rift Valley Lakes, including Lake Victoria, the source of the River Nile, depend on the rivers which are fed from the forest. Noor Hassan Noor, the Rift Valley Provincial Commissioner said that between 25 and 35 per cent of the eastern Mau forest has been lost so far as a result of the fire.

Mayors of African cities voice concerns over climate change, [21] February 27

2008

Local authority leaders from 15 African countries have agreed to promote participatory budgeting in their respective municipalities and countries, [22] October 17. The local leaders from Burkina Faso, Cameroun, Cote d’Ivoire, Guinea, Madagascar, Mali, Mauretania, Niger, Rwanda, and Senegal said participatory budgeting offered the opportunity to address challenges and responsibilities in local development, jointly with elected leaders, the civil society and development organizations.

Linking sport and the environment to the peace and poverty agenda in Kenya, [23] June 18


News sources

AllAfrica.com: Environment - En Français - Wikipedia:AllAfrica

Resources[edit]

Citizens data initiative[edit]

Wealth and poverty in Africa – interactive, 2011 [24]

Video[edit]

See also[edit]

Interwiki links[edit]

Wikipedia: Africa, Environmental issues in Africa, Great Green Wall


References

This page includes Creative Commons Licensed content from the Sustainable community action wiki on Wikia.
The list of authors can be seen in the history, link via drop down menu at top left of page.

  1. Worldwatch Institute, 2007
  2. Climate Home - climate change news
  3. independent.co.uk
  4. huffingtonpost.com
  5. The Guardian
  6. @qzafrica
  7. The Ecologist
  8. news.yahoo.com
  9. theconversation.com
  10. Inter Press Service
  11. theconversation.com
  12. sciencealert.com.au
  13. futuretimeline.net
  14. climatechangenews.com
  15. fao.org
  16. Survival
  17. unep.org
  18. The Guardian
  19. BBC news
  20. United Nations Environment Programme
  21. United Nations Environment Programme
  22. UN-HABITAT
  23. United Nations Environment Programme
  24. guardian.co.uk, 25 December 2011


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