Human Powered Nebulizer

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Human Powered Nebulizer
HPN.png
Human-powered nebulizer.
Status Clinical trial
Made? No
Replicated? Was this project made independently by someone other than the authors and without their guidance? No
Countries of design United States
Countries of replication Africa
Asia
South America
Health data
Health topic Tuberculosis
Respiratory
Health classification Diagnosis
Treatment

In remote areas and resource-limited settings, clinics may lack expensive, electric nebulizers to induce sputum samples for tuberculosis diagnosis and respiratory treatments.

We have developed two versions of the Human Powered Nebulizer. One is hand-cranked; the other is pedaled like a bicycle. The health care provider operates the HPN while the patient induces a sputum sample or receives treatment. This technology is inexpensive and portable, putting respiratory treatment and diagnostics in the hands of even the most remote clinics.

Designed by[edit | edit source]

When and where it was tested/implemented[edit | edit source]

The first clinical trial was conducted in South African in 2010, in conjunction with the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and the Desmond Tutu HIV Centre. Additional clinical and field trials are currently being conducted in Malawi and El Salvador.

Funding Source[edit | edit source]

Funding provided by the Marquette University College of Engineering Opus Fund, the Northwestern University Alumnae Foundation, and the National Collegiate Inventors and Innovators Alliance (a philanthropic competition). Generous in-kind support has been provided by Particle Technology Labs, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, the Desmond Tutu HIV Centre, Cape Town, South Africa and the Milwaukee Institute of Art and Design.

References[edit | edit source]

Peer-reviewed publication[edit | edit source]

  • Kranzer K, Olson L, van Shaik N, et al. (2011.) Quality of induced sputum using a human-powered nebuliser in a mobile human immunodeficiency virus testing service in South Africa. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 15(8):1078-81.

Other internally generated reports[edit | edit source]

  • Human Powered Nebulizer Project. (2010.) Human Powered Nebulizer Project NCIIA pitch. Youtube available here.
  • Human Powered Nebulizer Project. (2010.) The HPN in Masiphumelele, South Africa. Youtube available here.

Demostration

Externally generated reports[edit | edit source]

  • National Collegiate Inventor & Innovator Alliance. (2010.) Top 3 March Madness for the Mind videos announced. Link available here.