Difference between revisions of "Fruits"

From Appropedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
 
m (Text replacement - "\[https:\/\/www\.appropedia\.org\/File:([^] \/]+?) ([^]]+?)\]" to "$2")
 
(69 intermediate revisions by 21 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
*[[Apples]]
+
[[File:Fruit Stall in Barcelona Market.jpg|thumb|upright=2.0|A rainbow of fruits!]]
*[[Bananas]]
+
<div style="float:left; width:10em">{{Lang|[[Matunda|Kiswahili]] - [[Fruits|English]]}}</div><br clear=left>
*[[Berries]]
 
*[[Cherries]]
 
*[[Grapes]]
 
*[[Melons]]
 
*[[Peaches]]
 
*[[Pears]]
 
*[[Plums]]
 
*[[Quince]]
 
  
==See Also==
+
'''Fruits{{w|List of culinary fruits}}''' are parts of flowering plants that are derived from specific tissues of the flower, mainly one or more ovaries. Fruits are characterized by their sweet taste, moderately high calorie contents (ie 50-100 kcal/100grams<ref>Apple and Banana having 50 and 80 kcal/100grams respectively, and about 100-150 kcal per piece of fruit</ref>) and low protein content. The definition on what is and what is not a fruit varies<ref>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fruits#Botanic_fruit_and_culinary_fruit Botanic and culinary fruits]</ref> but we will disregard plant parts with low caloric contents (for example, tomato, tomatillo, etc.).
 +
 
 +
Be aware the the botanical use of the term "fruit" differs from the culinary use of the term. Botanically, fruit is any flowering plant's matured ovary. In culinary terms, fruit refers to specific, often sweeter, varieties of plant food that are used for mainly sweet dishes or for sweetening, but also in a variety of savoury dishes. The list produced below presents a wide variety of edible fruits considered as fruits for culinary purposes.
 +
 
 +
There are fleshy fruits and dry fruits. This difference has growing, harvesting, storage and use consequences.
 +
 
 +
{{AlphanumericTOC|
 +
    align=center|
 +
        nobreak=|
 +
        numbers=|
 +
        seealso=y|
 +
  externallinks=|
 +
    references=y|
 +
            top=|}}
 +
 
 +
{{multicol}}
 +
==A==
 +
* [[Abiu]]{{w|Abiu}} (''Pouteria caimito''; [[Sapotaceae]]{{w|Sapotaceae}})
 +
* [[Açaí]] (''Euterpe oleracea''; [[Arecaceae]]{{w|Arecaceae}}), or Assai
 +
* [[Acerola]]{{w|Acerola}} (''Malpighia glabra''; [[Malpighiaceae]]{{w|Malpighiaceae}})
 +
* [[Ackee]]{{w|Ackee}} (''Blighia sapida'' or ''Cupania sapida''; [[Sapindaceae]]{{w|Sapindaceae}})
 +
* [[African cherry orange]]{{w|African cherry orange}} (''Citropsis schweinfurthii''; [[Rutaceae]]{{w|Rutaceae}})
 +
* [[African mango]]{{w|African mango}} (''Irvingia gabonensis'')
 +
* [[African horseradish tree|African moringa]]{{w|African horseradish tree}} (''Moringa stenopetala''; [[Moringaceae]]{{w|Moringaceae}})
 +
* [[Ambarella]]{{w|Ambarella}} (''Spondias dulcis''; [[Anacardiaceae]]{{w|Anacardiaceae}})
 +
* [[Sambucus canadensis|American Black Elderberry]]{{w|Sambucus canadensis}} (''Sambucus canadensis''; [[Adoxaceae]]{{w|Adoxaceae}})
 +
* [[American Chestnut]]{{w|American Chestnut}} (''Castanea dentata''; [[Fagaceae]]{{w|Fagaceae}})
 +
* American [[grape]]{{w|grape}}
 +
* [[Corylus americana|American Hazelnut]]{{w|Corylus americana}} (''Corylus americana''; [[Betulaceae]]{{w|Betulaceae}})
 +
* [[American Pawpaw]]{{w|American Pawpaw}} (''[[Asimina triloba]]{{w|Asimina triloba}}''; [[Annonaceae]]{{w|Annonaceae}})
 +
* [[American Persimmon]]{{w|American Persimmon}} (''Diospyros virginiana''; [[Ebenaceae]]{{w|Ebenaceae}})
 +
* [[Prunus americana|American plum]]{{w|Prunus americana}} (''Prunus americana''; [[Rosaceae]]{{w|Rosaceae}})
 +
* [[American Red Elderberry]]{{w|American Red Elderberry}} (''Sambucus pubens''; [[Adoxaceae]]{{w|Adoxaceae}})
 +
* [[American Red Raspberry]]{{w|American Red Raspberry}} (''Rubus strigosus''; [[Rosaceae]]{{w|Rosaceae}})
 +
* [[Apple]]{{w|Apple}} and crabapple (''[[Malus]]{{w|Malus}}'')
 +
* Apple, Malay, see Malay apple
 +
* Apple, custard, see custard apple
 +
* Apple, elephant, see elephant apple
 +
* Apple, kei, see kei apple
 +
* Apple, mammee, see mammee apple
 +
* [[Apricot]] (''[[Prunus armeniaca]]{{w|Prunus armeniaca}}'' or ''[[Armeniaca vulgaris]]{{w|Armeniaca vulgaris}}'')
 +
* [[Araza]]{{w|Araza}} (''[[Eugenia stipitata]]{{w|Eugenia stipitata}}'')
 +
* [[Siraitia grosvenorii|Arhat]]{{w|Siraitia grosvenorii}} (''Siraitia grosvenorii''; [[Cucurbitaceae]]{{w|Cucurbitaceae}})
 +
* [[Atemoya]]{{w|Atemoya}} (''Annona cherimola &times; Annona squamosa''; [[Annonaceae]]{{w|Annonaceae}})
 +
* [[Rubus probus|Atherton Raspberry]]{{w|Rubus probus}} (''Rubus probus''; [[Rosaceae]]{{w|Rosaceae}})
 +
* [[Avocado]]{{w|Avocado}} (''Persea americana''; [[Lauraceae]]{{w|Lauraceae}})
 +
 
 +
==B==
 +
* [[Babaco]]{{w|Babaco}} (''Carica pentagona''; [[Caricaceae]]{{w|Caricaceae}})
 +
* [[Bacupari]]{{w|Bacupari}} (''Garcinia gardneriana'')
 +
* [[Bacuri]]{{w|Bacuri}} (''Platonia esculenta''; [[Guttiferae]]{{w|Guttiferae}})
 +
* [[Bael]]{{w|Bael}}, or Woodapple (''Aegle marmelos''; [[Rutaceae]]{{w|Rutaceae}})
 +
* [[Banana]] (''Musacea'' spp.; [[Musaceae]]{{w|Musaceae}})
 +
* [[Passiflora ligularis|Barbadine]]{{w|Passiflora ligularis}}
 +
* Barbados Cherry, see acerola
 +
* [[Garcinia morella|Batuan]]{{w|Garcinia morella}} (''Garcinia morella'')
 +
* [[Beach Plum]] (''Prunus maritima''; [[Rosaceae]]{{w|Rosaceae}})
 +
* [[Bearberry]]{{w|Bearberry}} (''[[Arctostaphylos]]{{w|Arctostaphylos}}'' spp.)
 +
* [[Betel Nut]]{{w|Betel Nut}} (“Areca catechu”; [[Arecaceae]]{{w|Arecaceae}})
 +
* [[Antidesma bunius|Bignay]]{{w|Antidesma bunius}} (''Antidesma bunius''; [[Euphorbiaceae]]{{w|Euphorbiaceae}})
 +
* [[Bilberry]]{{w|Bilberry}} or whortleberry (''[[Vaccinium]]{{w|Vaccinium}}'' spp.)
 +
* [[Bilimbi]]{{w|Bilimbi}} (''Averrhoa bilimbi''; [[Oxalidaceae]]{{w|Oxalidaceae}})
 +
* [[Biriba (fruit)|Biribi]]{{w|Biriba (fruit)}} (''[[Rollinia deliciosa]]{{w|Rollinia deliciosa}}''; [[Annonaceae]]{{w|Annonaceae}})
 +
* [[Bitter melon]]{{w|Bitter melon}}
 +
* [[Planchonella australis|Black Apple]]{{w|Planchonella australis}} (''Planchonella australis''; [[Sapotaceae]]{{w|Sapotaceae}})
 +
* [[Black cherry]]{{w|Black cherry}} (''Prunus serotina''; [[Rosaceae]]{{w|Rosaceae}})
 +
* [[Black raspberry]]{{w|Black raspberry}} (''Rubus occidentalis'' or ''Rubus leucodermis''; [[Rosaceae]]{{w|Rosaceae}})
 +
* [[Black Mulberry]]{{w|Black Mulberry}} (''Morus nigra''; [[Moraceae]]{{w|Moraceae}})
 +
* [[Black Sapote]]{{w|Black Sapote}} (''[[Diospyros digyna]]{{w|Diospyros digyna}}'')
 +
* [[Juglans nigra|Black Walnut]]{{w|Juglans nigra}} (''Juglans nigra''; [[Juglandaceae]]{{w|Juglandaceae}})
 +
* [[Blackberries|Blackberry]]{{w|Blackberry}}
 +
* [[Blood Orange]]{{w|Blood Orange}}
 +
* [[Melastoma affine|Blue tongue]]{{w|Melastoma affine}} (''Melastoma affine''; [[Melastomataceae]]{{w|Melastomataceae}})
 +
* [[Blueberry]]{{w|Blueberry}} (''Vaccinium, sect. Cyanococcus''; [[Ericaceae]]{{w|Ericaceae}})
 +
* [[Parajubaea torallyi|Bolivian coconut]]{{w|Parajubaea torallyi}} (''[[Parajubaea torallyi]]{{w|Parajubaea torallyi}}'')
 +
* [[Eupomatia laurina|Bolwarra]]{{w|Eupomatia laurina}} (''Eupomatia laurina''; [[Eupomatiaceae]]{{w|Eupomatiaceae}})
 +
* [[Boquila]]{{w|Boquila}} (''[[Boquila trifoliata]]{{w|Boquila trifoliata}} ''; [[Lardizabalaceae]]{{w|Lardizabalaceae}})
 +
* [[Bottle Gourd]]{{w|Bottle Gourd}} (''[[Lagenaria]]{{w|Lagenaria}} siceraria''; [[Cucurbitaceae]]{{w|Cucurbitaceae}})
 +
* [[Brazilian Guava]]{{w|Brazilian Guava}} (''Psidium guineense''; [[Myrtaceae]]{{w|Myrtaceae}})
 +
* [[Artocarpus camansi|Breadnut]]{{w|Artocarpus camansi}} (''Artocarpus camansi''; [[Moraceae]]{{w|Moraceae}})
 +
* Breadnut, Mayan, see mayan breadnut
 +
* [[Rubus moluccanus|Broad-leaf Bramble]]{{w|Rubus moluccanus}} (''Rubus moluccanus''; [[Rosaceae]]{{w|Rosaceae}})
 +
* [[Buddha's Hand]]
 +
* [[Shepherdia argentea|Buffaloberry]]{{w|Shepherdia argentea}} ("Shepherdia argentea"; [[Elaeagnaceae]]{{w|Elaeagnaceae}})
 +
* [[Pleiogynium timorense|Burdekin Plum]]{{w|Pleiogynium timorense}} (''Pleiogynium timorense''; [[Anacardiaceae]]{{w|Anacardiaceae}})
 +
* [[Burmese grape]]{{w|Burmese grape}} (''Baccaurea sapida''; [[Phyllanthaceae]]{{w|Phyllanthaceae}})
 +
* [[Bush tomato]]{{w|Bush tomato}} (Certain ''Solanum'' species; [[Solanaceae]]{{w|Solanaceae}})
 +
* [[Button Mangosteen]]{{w|Button Mangosteen}} (''Garcinia prainiana'')
 +
 
 +
==C==
 +
* [[Chrysophyllum cainito|Caimito]]{{w|Chrysophyllum cainito}} (''Pouteria caimito''; [[Sapotaceae]]{{w|Sapotaceae}})
 +
* [[Calabash Tree]]{{w|Calabash Tree}} (''Crescentia cujete'')
 +
* [[Calamondin]]{{w|Calamondin}} (''Citrofortunella Microcarpa'')
 +
* [[Calamansi]]{{w|Calamansi}} (''×Citrofortunella Mitis''))
 +
* [[CamuCamu]]{{w|CamuCamu}} (''Myrciaria dubia''; [[Myrtaceae]]{{w|Myrtaceae}})
 +
* [[Canistel]]{{w|Canistel}} (''Pouteria campechiana''; [[Sapotaceae]]{{w|Sapotaceae}})
 +
* [[Cantaloupe]]{{w|Cantaloupe}}
 +
* [[Cape Gooseberry]]{{w|Cape Gooseberry}} (''Physalis peruviana''; [[Solanaceae]]{{w|Solanaceae}})
 +
* [[Capulin Cherry|Capuli cherry]]{{w|Capulin Cherry}} (''Prunus salicifolia'', ''Prunus capuli'' or ''Prunus serotina subsp. capuli''); [[Rosaceae]]{{w|Rosaceae}})
 +
* [[Carambola]]{{w|Carambola}} (''Averrhoa carambola''; [[Oxalidaceae]]{{w|Oxalidaceae}})
 +
* [[Pachycereus pringlei|Cardón]] (''Pachycereus pringlei''; [[Cactaceae]]{{w|Cactaceae}})
 +
* Carob (''[[Ceratonia siliqua]]{{w|Ceratonia siliqua}}''; [[Fabaceae]]{{w|Fabaceae}})
 +
* [[Cashew apple]]{{w|Cashew apple}} (''Anacardium occidentale'')
 +
* [[Cassabanana]]{{w|Cassabanana}} (''Sicana odorifera''; [[Cucurbitaceae]]{{w|Cucurbitaceae}})
 +
* [[Cattley Guava]]{{w|Cattley Guava}} (''Psidium cattleianum''; [[Myrtaceae]]{{w|Myrtaceae}})
 +
* [[Cawesh]]{{w|Cawesh}} (''Annona scleroderma''; [[Annonaceae]]{{w|Annonaceae}})
 +
* [[Eugenia carissoides|Cedar Bay cherry]]{{w|Eugenia carissoides}} (''Eugenia carissoides''; [[Myrtaceae]]{{w|Myrtaceae}})
 +
* [[Ceriman]]{{w|Ceriman}} (''Monstera deliciosa''; [[Araceae]]{{w|Araceae}})
 +
* [[Cereus peruvianus]]{{w|Cereus peruvianus}}
 +
* Ceylon gooseberry (''[[Dovyalis hebecarpa]]{{w|Dovyalis hebecarpa}}''; [[Flacourtiaceae]]{{w|Flacourtiaceae}}
 +
* [[Charichuelo]]{{w|Charichuelo}} (''Garcinia intermedia'')
 +
* [[Chayote]]{{w|Chayote}} (''Sechium edule''; [[Cucurbitaceae]]{{w|Cucurbitaceae}})
 +
* Che (''Cudrania tricuspidata''; [[Moraceae]]{{w|Moraceae}})
 +
* [[Chempedak]]{{w|Chempedak}} or Champedak (''Artocarpus integer''; [[Moraceae]]{{w|Moraceae}})
 +
* [[Chenet]]{{w|Chenet}}
 +
* [[Cherimoya]]{{w|Cherimoya}} (''Annona cherimola''; [[Annonaceae]]{{w|Annonaceae}}),
 +
* [[Cherry]]{{w|Cherry}}, sweet, black, sour, and wild species (''[[Prunus avium]]{{w|Prunus avium}}'', ''[[Prunus serotina]]{{w|Prunus serotina}}'', ''[[Prunus cerasus]]{{w|Prunus cerasus}}'', and [[Prunus|others]]{{w|Prunus}})
 +
* [[Exocarpus cupressiformis|Cherry ballart]]{{w|Exocarpus cupressiformis}} (''Exocarpus cupressiformis''; [[Santalaceae]]{{w|Santalaceae}})
 +
* [[Cherry of the Rio Grande]]{{w|Cherry of the Rio Grande}} (''Eugenia aggregata''; [[Myrtaceae]]{{w|Myrtaceae}})
 +
* [[Chilean guava]]{{w|Chilean guava}} (''Psidium cattleianum''; see also [[#ugni|ugni]] ([[Myrtaceae]]{{w|Myrtaceae}})
 +
* [[Jujube|Chinese jujube]]{{w|Jujube}} (''Ziziphus zizyphus''; [[Rhamnaceae]]{{w|Rhamnaceae}})
 +
* [[Chinese Olive]]{{w|Chinese Olive}} (''Canarium album''; [[Burseraceae]]{{w|Burseraceae}})
 +
* [[Chinese Quince]]{{w|Chinese Quince}} (''Pseudocydonia sinensis'')
 +
* [[Chokeberry]]{{w|Chokeberry}} (''[[Aronia]]{{w|Aronia}}'')
 +
* [[Chokecherry]]{{w|Chokecherry}} (''[[Prunus virginiana]]{{w|Prunus virginiana}}'')
 +
* Chupa-Chupa (''[[Quararibea cordata]]{{w|Quararibea cordata}}''; [[Malvaceae]]{{w|Malvaceae}})
 +
* [[Citron]]{{w|Citron}} (''Citrus medica'')
 +
* [[Clementine]]{{w|Clementine}} (''Citrus reticulata'' var. ''clementine''),
 +
* [[Cloudberry]]{{w|Cloudberry}} (''[[Rubus chamaemorus]]{{w|Rubus chamaemorus}}'')
 +
* [[Ficus racemosa|Cluster fig]]{{w|Ficus racemosa}} (''Ficus racemosa''; [[Moraceae]]{{w|Moraceae}})
 +
* [[Planchonia careya|Cocky apple]]{{w|Planchonia careya}} (''Planchonia careya'')
 +
* [[Coco Plum]]{{w|Coco Plum}} (''Chrysobalanus icaco''; [[Chrysobalanaceae]]{{w|Chrysobalanaceae}})
 +
* [[Cocona]]{{w|Cocona}} (''Solanum sessilifolium''; [[Solanaceae]]{{w|Solanaceae}})
 +
* [[Coconut]]{{w|Coconut}} (''Cocos nucifera''; [[Arecaceae]]{{w|Arecaceae}})
 +
* [[Cocoplum]]{{w|Cocoplum}} (''Chrysobalanus icaco''; [[Chrysobalanaceae]]{{w|Chrysobalanaceae}})
 +
* [[Coffea|Coffee]]{{w|Coffea}} ("coffee cherries" surround the better-known "bean")
 +
* [[Cola nut]]{{w|Cola nut}} (''Cola acuminata''; [[Sterculiaceae]]{{w|Sterculiaceae}})
 +
* [[Billardiera scandens|Common apple-berry]]{{w|Billardiera scandens}} (''Billardiera scandens''; [[Pittosporaceae]]{{w|Pittosporaceae}})
 +
* [[Carissa lanceolata|Conkerberry]]{{w|Carissa lanceolata}} (''Carissa lanceolata''; [[Apocynaceae]]{{w|Apocynaceae}})
 +
* [[Cornelian cherry]]{{w|Cornelian cherry}} (''[[Cornus mas]]{{w|Cornus mas}}''; [[Cornaceae]]{{w|Cornaceae}})
 +
* [[Costa Rican Guava]]{{w|Costa Rican Guava}} (''Psidium friedrichsthalianum''; [[Myrtaceae]]{{w|Myrtaceae}})
 +
* [[Cranberry]]{{w|Cranberry}} (''Vaccinium'' spp.)
 +
* [[Crowberry]]{{w|Crowberry}} (''[[Empetrum]]{{w|Empetrum}}'' spp.)
 +
* [[Cupuaçu]] (''Theobroma grandiflorum''; [[Malvaceae]]{{w|Malvaceae}})
 +
* [[Ribes|Currant]]{{w|Ribes}} (''[[Ribes]]{{w|Ribes}}'' spp.; [[Grossulariaceae]]{{w|Grossulariaceae}})
 +
* [[Curry-leaf Tree]]{{w|Curry-leaf Tree}} (''Murraya koenigii''; [[Rutaceae]]{{w|Rutaceae}})
 +
* [[Custard Apple]]{{w|Custard Apple}} (''Annona reticulata''; [[Annonaceae]]{{w|Annonaceae}})
 +
 
 +
==D==
 +
* [[Damson|Damson plum]]{{w|Damson}} (''Prunus domestica subsp. insititia''; [[Rosaceae]]{{w|Rosaceae}})
 +
* [[Date (fruit)|Date]]{{w|Date (fruit)}} (''[[Phoenix dactylifera]]{{w|Phoenix dactylifera}}''; [[Arecaceae]]{{w|Arecaceae}})
 +
* [[Date plum]]{{w|Date plum}} (''Diospyros lotus''; [[Ebenaceae]]{{w|Ebenaceae}})
 +
* [[Davidsonia|Davidson's plum]] (''Davidsonia'' spp.; [[Cunoniaceae]]{{w|Cunoniaceae}}) [[Davidsonia jerseyana]]{{w|Davidsonia jerseyana}} [[Davidsonia johnsonii]]{{w|Davidsonia johnsonii}} [[Davidsonia pruriens]]{{w|Davidsonia pruriens}}
 +
* [[Decaisnea|Dead Man's Fingers ]]
 +
* [[Marsdenia australis|Desert banana]]{{w|Marsdenia australis}} (''Marsdenia australis'')
 +
* [[Ficus platypoda|Desert fig]]{{w|Ficus platypoda}} (''Ficus platypoda''; [[Moraceae]]{{w|Moraceae}})
 +
* [[Citrus glauca|Desert lime]]{{w|Citrus glauca}} (''Citrus glauca''; [[Rutaceae]]{{w|Rutaceae}})
 +
* [[Cassytha melantha|Dodder laurel]]{{w|Cassytha melantha}} (''Cassytha melantha'')
 +
* [[Marsdenia australis|Doubah]]{{w|Marsdenia australis}} (''Marsdenia australis''; [[Apocynaceae]]{{w|Apocynaceae}})
 +
* [[Double Coconut]]{{w|Double Coconut}} or [[Coco-de-mer]]{{w|Coco-de-mer}}(''Lodoicea maldivica''; [[Arecaceae]]{{w|Arecaceae}})
 +
* [[Dragonfruit]] / [[Pitaya]]{{w|Pitaya}} (''Hylocereus'' spp.; [[Cactaceae]]{{w|Cactaceae}})
 +
* [[Duku]]{{w|Duku}} (''Lansium domesticum''; [[Meliaceae]]{{w|Meliaceae}})
 +
* [[Durian]]{{w|Durian}} (''Durio zibethicus''; [[Malvaceae]]{{w|Malvaceae}})
 +
* [[Crataegus aestivalis|Eastern May Hawthorn]]{{w|Crataegus aestivalis}} (''Crataegus aestivalis''; [[Rosaceae]]{{w|Rosaceae}}
 +
 
 +
==E==
 +
* [[Elderberries|Elderberry]] (''[[Sambucus]]{{w|Sambucus}}''; [[Caprifoliaceae]]{{w|Caprifoliaceae}})
 +
* [[Elephant Apple]]{{w|Elephant Apple}} (''[[Dillenia indica]]{{w|Dillenia indica}}''; [[Dilleniaceae]]{{w|Dilleniaceae}})
 +
* Emblica, see Indian gooseberry
 +
* [[Owenia acidula|Emu Apple]]{{w|Owenia acidula}} (''Owenia acidula''; [[Meliaceae]]{{w|Meliaceae}})
 +
* [[Grewia retusifolia|Emu berry]]{{w|Grewia retusifolia}} (''Grewia retusifolia'')
 +
* [[Falberry]]{{w|Falberry}} (''Vaccinium'' spp.)
 +
* [[Sideroxylon foetidissimum|False-mastic]]{{w|Sideroxylon foetidissimum}} (''Sideroxylon foetidissimum''; [[Sapotaceae]]{{w|Sapotaceae}})
 +
 
 +
==F==
 +
* [[Feijoa]]{{w|Feijoa}}, see pineapple guava
 +
* [[Syzygium fibrosum|Fibrous Satinash]]{{w|Syzygium fibrosum}} (''Syzygium fibrosum''; [[Myrtaceae]]{{w|Myrtaceae}})
 +
* [[Common fig|Fig]]{{w|Common fig}} (''[[Ficus]]{{w|Ficus}}'' spp. [[Moraceae]]{{w|Moraceae}})
 +
* [[Finger Lime]]{{w|Finger Lime}} (''Citrus australasica''; [[Rutaceae]]{{w|Rutaceae}})
 +
* [[Ficus aurea|Florida strangler fig]]{{w|Ficus aurea}} (''Ficus aurea''; [[Moraceae]]{{w|Moraceae}})
 +
 
 +
==G==
 +
* [[Gac]]{{w|Gac}}
 +
* [[Galia (melon)|Galia melon]]{{w|Galia (melon)}}
 +
* [[Gambooge]]{{w|Gambooge}} (''Garcinia cambogia''; [[Clusiaceae]]{{w|Clusiaceae}})
 +
* [[Genip]]{{w|Genip}} (''Melicoccus bijugatus''; [[Sapindaceae]]{{w|Sapindaceae}})
 +
* Giant Colombian blackberry (''Rubus macrocarpus'')
 +
* [[Giant Granadilla]]{{w|Giant Granadilla}} (''Passiflora quadrangularis''; [[Passifloraceae]]{{w|Passifloraceae}})
 +
* [[Gooseberry]]{{w|Gooseberry}} (''Ribes'' spp.; [[Grossulariaceae]]{{w|Ribes}}) - often used as an ingredient in desserts, such as pies, fools and crumbles,  native to Europe, northwestern Africa, west, south and southeast Asia. see also [[Making_fruit,_vegetable_and_flower_wines|Household Cyclopedia, Wines and Ciders (1881)]]
 +
* Gooseberry, Ceylon, see Ceylon gooseberry
 +
* Gooseberry, Indian, see Indian gooseberry
 +
* Gooseberry, Otaheite, see Taheite gooseberry
 +
* Gooseberry, cape, see cape gooseberry
 +
* [[Elaeagnus multiflora|Goumi]]{{w|Elaeagnus multiflora}} (''[[Elaeagnus multiflora]]{{w|Elaeagnus multiflora}}''; [[Elaeocarpaceae]]{{w|Elaeocarpaceae}})
 +
* [[Ramontchi|Governor’s Plum]] (''Flacourtia indica''; [[Flacourtiaceae]]{{w|Flacourtiaceae}})
 +
* Granadilla, Montessa, see Montessa granadilla
 +
* Granadilla, yellow, see yellow granadilla
 +
* [[Grape]]{{w|Grape}} (''[[Vitis]]{{w|Vitis}}'' spp.; [[Vitaceae]]{{w|Vitaceae}})
 +
* [[Grapefruit]]{{w|Grapefruit}} (''Citrus &times; paradisi''; [[Rutaceae]]{{w|Rutaceae}})
 +
* [[Greengage]]{{w|Greengage}}, a cultivar of the [[plum]]{{w|plum}}
 +
* [[Ground Plum]]{{w|Ground Plum}} (''[[Astragalus crassicarpus]]{{w|Astragalus crassicarpus}}''; [[Fabaceae]]{{w|Fabaceae}}),
 +
* [[Grumichama]]{{w|Grumichama}} (''Eugenia brasiliensis''; [[Myrtaceae]]{{w|Myrtaceae}})
 +
* [[Guanabana]]{{w|Guanabana}} (''Annona muricata''; [[Annonaceae]]{{w|Annonaceae}})
 +
* [[Guarana]]{{w|Guarana}} (''Paullinia cupana''; [[Sapindaceae]]{{w|Sapindaceae}})
 +
* [[Guava]]{{w|Guava}} (''[[Psidium guajava]]{{w|Psidium guajava}}''; [[Myrtaceae]]{{w|Myrtaceae}})
 +
* Guava, Cattley, see Cattley guava
 +
* Guava, Chilean, see Chilean guava
 +
* Guava, Costa Rican, see Costa Rican guava
 +
* Guava, pineapple, see pineapple guava
 +
* Guava, purple, see purple guava
 +
* Guava, strawberry, see strawberry guava
 +
* [[Guavaberry]]{{w|Guavaberry}}/Rumberry; (''Myrciaria floribunda''; [[Myrtaceae]]{{w|Myrtaceae}})
 +
* [[Celtis|Hackberry]]{{w|Celtis}} (''[[Celtis]]{{w|Celtis}}'' spp.; [[Cannabaceae]]{{w|Cannabaceae}})
 +
 
 +
==H==
 +
* [[Hairless rambutan]]{{w|Hairless rambutan}}
 +
* [[Hardy Kiwi]]{{w|Hardy Kiwi}} (''[[Actinidia|Actinidia arguta]]{{w|Actinidia}}''; [[Actinidiaceae]]{{w|Actinidiaceae}} family)
 +
* Hawthorn (''[[Crataegus]]{{w|Crataegus}}'' and ''[[Rhaphiolepis]]{{w|Rhaphiolepis}}'')
 +
* [[Hog Plum]]{{w|Hog Plum}} (taperebá in Portuguese)
 +
* [[Honeydew (melon)|Honeydew]]{{w|Honeydew (melon)}}
 +
* [[Honeysuckle]]{{w|Honeysuckle}}
 +
* [[Horned melon]]{{w|Horned melon}} (''Cucumis metuliferus''; [[Cucurbitaceae]]{{w|Cucurbitaceae}})
 +
* [[Huckleberry (plant)|Huckleberry]]{{w|Huckleberry (plant)}} (''Vaccinium'' spp.)
 +
* [[Huito]]{{w|Huito}} (''[[Genipa americana]]{{w|Genipa americana}}''; [[Rubiaceae]]{{w|Rubiaceae}});
 +
 
 +
==I==
 +
* [[Ice Cream Bean]]{{w|Ice Cream Bean}} (''Inga edulis'')
 +
* [[Ilama (fruit)|Ilama]]{{w|Ilama (fruit)}} (''Annona diversifolia''; [[Annonaceae]]{{w|Annonaceae}})
 +
* [[Podocarpus elatus|Illawarra Plum]]{{w|Podocarpus elatus}} (''Podocarpus elatus''; [[Podocarpaceae]]{{w|Podocarpaceae}})
 +
* [[Imbe]]{{w|Imbe}} (''Garcinia livingstonei'')
 +
* [[Indian almond]]{{w|Indian almond}}
 +
* [[Indian fig]]{{w|Indian fig}}
 +
* [[Indian gooseberry]]{{w|Indian gooseberry}} (''Phyllanthus emblica/Emblica officinalis''; [[Euphorbiaceae]]{{w|Euphorbiaceae}})
 +
* [[Indian jujube]]{{w|Indian jujube}} (''Ziziphus mauritiana''; [[Rhamnaceae]]{{w|Rhamnaceae}})
 +
* [[Indian prune]]{{w|Indian prune}} (''[[Flacourtia rukan]]{{w|Flacourtia rukan}}''; [[Flacourtiaceae]]{{w|Flacourtiaceae}})
 +
 
 +
==J==
 +
* [[Jabuticaba]]{{w|Jabuticaba}} (''Myrciaria cauliflora''; [[Myrtaceae]]{{w|Myrtaceae}}),
 +
* [[Jackfruit]]{{w|Jackfruit}} (''Artocarpus heterophyllus'' [[Moraceae]]{{w|Moraceae}})
 +
* [[Jambul]]{{w|Jambul}} (''Syzygium cumini''; [[Myrtaceae]]{{w|Myrtaceae}})
 +
* [[Japanese Persimmon]]{{w|Japanese Persimmon}}, or Sharon fruit (''Diospyros kaki''; [[Ebenaceae]]{{w|Ebenaceae}})
 +
* [[Jatobá]] (''Hymenae coubaril''; [[Leguminosae]]{{w|Leguminosae}}) [[Caesalpinioideae]]{{w|Caesalpinioideae}})
 +
* [[Jelly Palm]]{{w|Jelly Palm}} (''Butia capitata'')
 +
* [[Jocote]]{{w|Jocote}}, also called Jamaica Plum
 +
* [[Jujube]]{{w|Jujube}} (''[[Ziziphus zizyphus]]{{w|Ziziphus zizyphus}}''; [[Rhamnaceae]]{{w|Rhamnaceae}})
 +
* Jujube, Chinese, see Chinese jujube
 +
* Jujube, Indiana, see Indian jujube
 +
* [[Juniper berry]]{{w|Juniper berry}} (''[[Juniperus]]{{w|Juniperus}}'' spp.),
 +
 
 +
==K==
 +
* [[Kabosu]]{{w|Kabosu}} (''Citrus Sphaerocarpa'') [[Rutaceae]]{{w|Rutaceae}}
 +
* [[Kaffir lime]]{{w|Kaffir lime}} (''Citrus hystix'')
 +
* [[Kahikatea]]{{w|Kahikatea}} (''Dacrycarpus dacrydioides'')
 +
* [[Citrus gracilis|Kakadu lime]]{{w|Citrus gracilis}} (''Citrus gracilis''; [[Rutaceae]]{{w|Rutaceae}})
 +
* [[Terminalia ferdinandiana|Kakadu plum]]{{w|Terminalia ferdinandiana}} (''Terminalia ferdinandiana''; [[Combretaceae]]{{w|Combretaceae}})
 +
* [[Kandis (fruit)|Kandis]]{{w|Kandis (fruit)}} (''[[Garcinia forbesii]]{{w|Garcinia forbesii}}''; [[Clusiaceae]]{{w|Clusiaceae}})
 +
* [[Kapok]]{{w|Kapok}} (''Ceiba pentandra''; [[Bombacaceae]]{{w|Bombacaceae}})
 +
* [[Carpobrotus rossii|Karkalla]]{{w|Carpobrotus rossii}} (''Carpobrotus rossii''; [[Aizoaceae]]{{w|Aizoaceae}})
 +
* [[Karonda]]{{w|Karonda}} (''Carissa carandas''; [[Apocynaceae]]{{w|Apocynaceae}})
 +
* [[Kei apple]]{{w|Kei apple}} (''[[Dovyalis caffra]]{{w|Dovyalis caffra}}''; [[Flacourtiaceae]]{{w|Flacourtiaceae}})
 +
* [[Kepel fruit]]{{w|Kepel fruit}} (''[[Stelechocarpus burahol]]{{w|Stelechocarpus burahol}}''; [[Annonaceae]]{{w|Annonaceae}})
 +
* [[Keule]]{{w|Keule}} (''[[Gomortega keule]]{{w|Gomortega keule}}''; [[Gomortegaceae]]{{w|Gomortegaceae}})
 +
* [[Key Lime]]{{w|Key Lime}} (''Citrus aurantifolia'')
 +
* [[Kitembilla]]{{w|Kitembilla}} (''Dovyalis hebecarpa''; [[Flacourtiaceae]]{{w|Flacourtiaceae}})
 +
* Kiwano, see horned melon
 +
* [[Kiwifruit]]{{w|Kiwifruit}} (''Actinida spp.''; [[Actinidiaceae]]{{w|Actinidiaceae}})
 +
* [[Korlan]]{{w|Korlan}}
 +
* [[Kumquat]]{{w|Kumquat}} (''Fortunella spp.'')
 +
* Kumquat, meiwa, see meiwa kumquat
 +
* Kumquat, nagami, see nagami kumquat
 +
* [[Kundong (fruit)|Kundong]]{{w|Kundong (fruit)}} (''[[Garcinia]]{{w|Garcinia}} sp.''; [[Clusiaceae]]{{w|Clusiaceae}})
 +
* [[Solanum centrale|Kutjera]]{{w|Solanum centrale}} (''Solanum centrale''; [[Solanaceae]]{{w|Solanaceae}})
 +
* [[Kwai Muk]]{{w|Kwai Muk}} (''Artocarpus hypargyraea''; [[Moraceae]]{{w|Moraceae}})
 +
* [[Syzygium suborbiculare|Lady apple]]{{w|Syzygium suborbiculare}} (''Syzygium suborbiculare''; [[Myrtaceae]]{{w|Myrtaceae}})
 +
 
 +
==L==
 +
* [[Lakoocha]]{{w|Lakoocha}} (''Artocarpus lakoocha''; [[Moraceae]]{{w|Moraceae}})
 +
* [[Langsat]]{{w|Langsat}} (''Lansium domesticum'')
 +
* [[Lanzones]]{{w|Lanzones}} (''Lansium domesticum''; [[Meliaceae]]{{w|Meliaceae}})
 +
* [[Lapsi (fruit)|Lapsi]]{{w|Lapsi (fruit)}} (''Choerospondias axillaris Roxb.'' [[Anacardiaceae]]{{w|Anacardiaceae}})
 +
* [[Lardizabala]]{{w|Lardizabala}} (''[[Lardizabala biternata]]{{w|Lardizabala biternata}}''; [[Lardizabalaceae]]{{w|Lardizabalaceae}})
 +
* [[Lemon]]{{w|Lemon}} (''Citrus limon'')
 +
* [[Acronychia acidula|Lemon aspen]]{{w|Acronychia acidula}} (''Acronychia acidula''; [[Rutaceae]]{{w|Rutaceae}})
 +
* [[Leucaena]]
 +
* [[Syzygium luehmannii|Lillypilly]]{{w|Syzygium luehmannii}} (''Acmena'' spp., ''Syzygium'' spp.)
 +
* [[Buchanania arborescens|Little gooseberry tree]]{{w|Buchanania arborescens}} (''Buchanania arborescens''; [[Anacardiaceae]]{{w|Anacardiaceae}})
 +
* [[Lime (fruit)|Lime]]{{w|Lime (fruit)}}
 +
* [[Limeberry]]{{w|Limeberry}} (''Trifasia trifolia''; [[Rutaceae]]{{w|Rutaceae}})
 +
* [[Limequat]]{{w|Limequat}} (''Citrus aurantifolia &times; Fortunella spp.''; [[Rutaceae]]{{w|Rutaceae}})
 +
* [[Lingonberry]]{{w|Lingonberry}} (''[[Vaccinium vitis-idaea]]{{w|Vaccinium vitis-idaea}}'')
 +
* [[Loganberry]]{{w|Loganberry}} (''[[Rubus loganobaccus]]{{w|Rubus loganobaccus}}'')
 +
* [[Longan]]{{w|Longan}} (''Dimocarpus longan'' or ''Euphoria longana''; [[Sapindaceae]]{{w|Sapindaceae}})
 +
* [[Loquat]]{{w|Loquat}} (''Eriobotrya japonica''; [[Rosaceae]]{{w|Rosaceae}})
 +
* [[Louvi]]{{w|Louvi}} (''Flacourtia inermis''; [[Flacourtaceae]]{{w|Flacourtaceae}})
 +
* [[Lucuma|Lúcuma]] (''Pouteria campechiana''; [[Sapotaceae]]{{w|Sapotaceae}})
 +
* [[Lychee]]{{w|Lychee}} (''Litchi chinensis''; [[Sapindaceae]]{{w|Sapindaceae}})
 +
 
 +
{{multicol-break}}
 +
 
 +
==M==
 +
* [[Ma-praang]]{{w|Ma-praang}} (''Bouea macrophylla''; [[Anacardiaceae]]{{w|Anacardiaceae}})
 +
* [[Mabolo]] (''Diospyros discolor''; [[Ebenaceae]]{{w|Ebenaceae}})
 +
* [[Macadamia]]{{w|Macadamia}} (''Macadamia integrifolia''; [[Proteaceae]]{{w|Proteaceae}})
 +
* Macadamia, rough shell, see rough shell macadamia
 +
* [[Madrono]]{{w|Madrono}} (''Rheedia acuminata''; [[Guttiferae]]{{w|Guttiferae}})
 +
* [[Malabar plum]]{{w|Malabar plum}} (''Syzygium jambos''; [[Myrtaceae]]{{w|Myrtaceae}})
 +
* [[Malay Apple]]{{w|Malay Apple}} (''Syzygium malaccense''; [[Myrtaceae]]{{w|Myrtaceae}})
 +
* [[Mamey]]{{w|Mamey}} (''Pouteria sapota''; [[Sapotaceae]]{{w|Sapotaceae}})
 +
* [[Mammee Apple]]{{w|Mammee Apple}} (''Mammea americana''; [[Guttiferae]]{{w|Guttiferae}})
 +
* [[Mamoncillo]]{{w|Mamoncillo}} (''Melicoccus bijugatus''; [[Sapindaceae]]{{w|Sapindaceae}})
 +
* [[Mandarin (fruit)|Mandarin]]{{w|Mandarin (fruit)}} (''Citrus reticulata'')
 +
* [[Mangaba]]{{w|Mangaba}} (''[[Hancornia speciosa]]{{w|Hancornia speciosa}}''; [[Apocynaceae]]{{w|Apocynaceae}})
 +
* [[Mango]]{{w|Mango}} (''Mangifera indica''; [[Anacardiaceae]]{{w|Anacardiaceae}})
 +
* [[Mangosteen]]{{w|Mangosteen}} (''Garcinia mangostana''; [[Guttiferae]]{{w|Guttiferae}})
 +
* [[Manila tamarind]]{{w|Manila tamarind}} (''Pithecellobium dulce''; [[Leguminosae]]{{w|Leguminosae}})
 +
* [[Manoao]]{{w|Manoao}} (''Manoao colensoi'')
 +
* [[Aristotelia chilensis|Maqui]]{{w|Aristotelia chilensis}} (''[[Aristotelia chilensis]]{{w|Aristotelia chilensis}}''; [[Elaeocarpaceae]]{{w|Elaeocarpaceae}})
 +
* [[Marang]]{{w|Marang}}
 +
* [[Marula]]{{w|Marula}} (''Sclerocarya birrea'')
 +
* [[Mayan Breadnut|Breadnut, Mayan]]{{w|Mayan Breadnut}} (''[[Brosimum alicastrum]]{{w|Brosimum alicastrum}}''; [[Moraceae]]{{w|Moraceae}})
 +
* [[Podophyllum|Mayapple]]{{w|Podophyllum}} (''[[Podophyllum]]{{w|Podophyllum}}'' spp.; [[Berberidaceae]]{{w|Berberidaceae}})
 +
* Mayhaw, see Eastern may hawthorn
 +
* [[Maypop]]{{w|Maypop}} (''Passiflora incarnata''; [[Passifloraceae]]{{w|Passifloraceae}})
 +
* [[Mespilus germanica|Medlar]]{{w|Mespilus germanica}} (''Mespilus germanica'')
 +
* [[Meiwa Kumquat]]{{w|Meiwa Kumquat}} (''Fortunella japonica''; [[Rutaceae]]{{w|Rutaceae}})
 +
* [[Melinjo]]{{w|Melinjo}}
 +
* [[Melon pear]]{{w|Melon pear}}
 +
* [[Austromyrtus dulcis|Midyim]]{{w|Austromyrtus dulcis}} (''Austromyrtus dulcis''; [[Myrtaceae]]{{w|Myrtaceae}})
 +
* [[Miracle Fruit]]{{w|Miracle Fruit}} (''Synsepalum dulcificum''; [[Sapotaceae]]{{w|Sapotaceae}})
 +
* [[Mock Strawberry]]{{w|Mock Strawberry}} or Indian Strawberry (''Potentilla indica''; [[Rosaceae]]{{w|Rosaceae}})
 +
* Mombin, purple, see purple mombin
 +
* Mombin, red, see red mombin
 +
* Mombin, yellow, see yellow mombin
 +
* [[Monkey Jackruit]]{{w|Monkey Jackruit}} (''Artocarpus rigidus''; [[Moraceae]]{{w|Moraceae}})
 +
* [[Monkey Tamarind]]{{w|Monkey Tamarind}} (''Inga edulis''; [[Leguminosae]]{{w|Leguminosae}})
 +
* [[Monstera]]{{w|Monstera}} (''Monstera deliciosa''; [[Araceae]]{{w|Araceae}})
 +
* [[Montessa Granadilla]]{{w|Montessa Granadilla}} (''Passiflora platyloba''; [[Passifloraceae]]{{w|Passifloraceae}})
 +
* [[Mora Común]] (''Rubus adenotrichus''),
 +
* [[Mora de Castilla]]{{w|Mora de Castilla}} (''Rubus glaucus''),
 +
* [[Morinda]]{{w|Morinda}}
 +
* [[Morinda citrifolia]]{{w|Morinda citrifolia}}
 +
* [[Mortiño]], or Andean blueberry (''Vaccinium floribundum''),
 +
* [[Tasmannia|Mountain pepper]]{{w|Tasmannia}} (''Tasmannia'' spp.; [[Winteraceae]]{{w|Winteraceae}} )
 +
* [[Mountain Soursop]]{{w|Mountain Soursop}} (''Annona montana''; [[Annonaceae]]{{w|Annonaceae}})
 +
* [[Mulberry]]{{w|Mulberry}} (''[[Morus (plant)|Morus]]{{w|Morus (plant)}}'' spp.; [[Moraceae]]{{w|Moraceae}})
 +
* Munydjudj, see wild plum
 +
* [[Mundu (plant)|Mundu]]{{w|Mundu (plant)}} (''[[Garcinia dulcis]]{{w|Garcinia dulcis}}'')
 +
* [[Kunzea pomifera|Muntries]]{{w|Kunzea pomifera}} (''Kunzea pomifera''; [[Myrtaceae]]{{w|Myrtaceae}})
 +
* [[Muscadine]]{{w|Muscadine}} (''Vitis rotundifolia''; [[Vitaceae]]{{w|Vitaceae}})
 +
* [[Muskmelon]]{{w|Muskmelon}}
 +
 
 +
==N==
 +
* [[Naartjie]]{{w|Naartjie}} (''Citrus reticulata'', ''[[Citrus nobilis]]{{w|Citrus nobilis}}'')
 +
* [[Nagami Kumquat]]{{w|Nagami Kumquat}} (''Fortunella margarita''; [[Rutaceae]]{{w|Rutaceae}})
 +
* [[Nageia]]{{w|Nageia}} (''Nageia'' spp.)
 +
* [[Nance]]{{w|Nance}} (''Byrsonima crassifolia''; [[Malpighiaceae]]{{w|Malpighiaceae}})
 +
* [[Nannyberry]]{{w|Nannyberry}} or sheepberry (''[[Viburnum]]{{w|Viburnum}}'' spp.; [[Caprifoliaceae]]{{w|Caprifoliaceae}})
 +
* [[Naranjilla]]{{w|Naranjilla}} (''Solanum quitoense''; [[Solanaceae]]{{w|Solanaceae}})
 +
* [[Acrotriche depressa|Native currant]]{{w|Acrotriche depressa}} (''Acrotriche depressa''; [[Ericaceae]]{{w|Ericaceae}})
 +
* [[Physalis minima|Native gooseberry]]{{w|Physalis minima}} (''Physalis minima''; [[Solanaceae]]{{w|Solanaceae}})
 +
* [[Rubus parviflorus|Native raspberry]]{{w|Rubus parviflorus}} (Rubus parviflorus)
 +
* Nectarine, see peach
 +
* [[Neem]]{{w|Neem}} (''Azadirachta indica''; [[Meliaceae]]{{w|Meliaceae}})
 +
* [[Parkia biglobosa|Néré]] (''[[Parkia biglobosa]]{{w|Parkia biglobosa}}'')
 +
* [[Parinari nonda|Nonda plum]]{{w|Parinari nonda}} (''Parinari nonda'')
 +
* [[Noni]]{{w|Noni}} (''Morinda citrifolia''; [[Rubiaceae]]{{w|Rubiaceae}})
 +
* [[Nungu Fruit|Nungu]]{{w|Nungu Fruit}} (''Borassus flabellifer''; [[Arecaceae]]{{w|Arecaceae}})
 +
* [[Nutmeg]] (''Myristica fragrans''; [[Myristicaceae]]{{w|Myristicaceae}})
 +
 
 +
==O==
 +
* [[Oil Palm]]{{w|Oil Palm}} (''Elaeis guineensis''; [[Arecaceae]]{{w|Arecaceae}})
 +
* [[Olive]]{{w|Olive}}
 +
* [[Orange (fruit)|Orange]]{{w|Orange (fruit)}}
 +
* [[Oregon grape]]{{w|Oregon grape}} (''[[Mahonia aquifolium]]{{w|Mahonia aquifolium}}''; [[Berberidaceae]]{{w|Berberidaceae}})
 +
* [[Oroblanco]]{{w|Oroblanco}} ([[Citrus paradisi]]{{w|Citrus paradisi}}, [[Citrus grandis|C. grandis]]{{w|Citrus grandis}}) [[Rutaceae]]{{w|Rutaceae}}
 +
* [[Otaheite gooseberry]]{{w|Otaheite gooseberry}} (''Phyllanthus acidus''; [[Phyllanthaceae]]{{w|Phyllanthaceae}})
 +
 
 +
==P==
 +
* [[Palmyra Palm]]{{w|Palmyra Palm}}/Toddy Palm (''Borassus flabellifer''; [[Arecaceae]]{{w|Arecaceae}})
 +
* [[Papaya]] (''Carica papaya''; [[Caricaceae]]{{w|Caricaceae}})
 +
* [[Passion fruit]]{{w|Passion fruit}} (''[[Passiflora edulis]]{{w|Passiflora edulis}}'' and other ''[[Passiflora]]{{w|Passiflora}}'' spp.; [[Passifloraceae]]{{w|Passifloraceae}})
 +
* [[Asimina triloba|Pawpaw]]{{w|Asimina triloba}} (''Asimina triloba''; [[Annonaceae]]{{w|Annonaceae}}
 +
* [[Peach]]{{w|Peach}}
 +
* [[Peach palm]]{{w|Peach palm}} (''Bactris gasipaes''; [[Arecaceae]]{{w|Arecaceae}})
 +
* [[Peanut]]{{w|Peanut}} (''Arachis hypogaea''; [[Fabaceae]]{{w|Fabaceae}})
 +
* [[Peanut butter fruit]]{{w|Peanut butter fruit}} (''Bunchosia argentea''; [[Malpighiaceae]]{{w|Malpighiaceae}})
 +
* [[Pear]]{{w|Pear}}, European and Asian species (''[[Pyrus]]{{w|Pyrus}}'')
 +
* [[Pecan]]{{w|Pecan}} (''Carya illinoinensis'' or ''illinoensis''; [[Juglandaceae]]{{w|Juglandaceae}})
 +
* [[Pepino]]{{w|Pepino}} (''Solanum muricatum'')
 +
* [[Pequi]]{{w|Pequi}} (''Caryocar brasiliensis''; [[Caryocaraceae]]{{w|Caryocaraceae}})
 +
* [[Persian lime]]{{w|Persian lime}}
 +
* Persimmon, American, see American persimmon
 +
* Persimmon, oriental, see Oriental persimmon
 +
* [[Cryptocarya alba|Peumo]]{{w|Cryptocarya alba}} (''[[Cryptocarya alba]]{{w|Cryptocarya alba}}''; [[Lauraceae]]{{w|Lauraceae}})
 +
* [[Phalsa]]{{w|Phalsa}} (''Grewia subinaequalis''; [[Tiliaceae]]{{w|Tiliaceae}})
 +
* [[Pigeon pea]]{{w|Pigeon pea}}
 +
* [[Coccoloba diversifolia|Pigeon plum]]{{w|Coccoloba diversifolia}} (''Coccoloba diversifolia''; [[Polygonaceae]]{{w|Polygonaceae}})
 +
* [[Carpobrotus glaucescens|Pigface]]{{w|Carpobrotus glaucescens}} (''Carpobrotus glaucescens''; [[Aizoaceae]]{{w|Aizoaceae}})
 +
* [[Pili Nut]]{{w|Pili Nut}} (''Canarium ovatum''; [[Burseraceae]]{{w|Burseraceae}})
 +
* [[Pindo Palm]]{{w|Pindo Palm}} (''Butia Capitata''; [[Arecaceae]]{{w|Arecaceae}})
 +
* [[Pineapple]]{{w|Pineapple}} (''Ananas comosus'' ; [[Bromeliaceae]]{{w|Bromeliaceae}})
 +
* [[Pineapple guava]]{{w|Pineapple guava}} (''Feijoa sellowiana''; [[Myrtaceae]]{{w|Myrtaceae}})
 +
* [[Rubus parvifolius|Pink-flowered Native Raspberry]]{{w|Rubus parvifolius}} (''Rubus parvifolius''; [[Rosaceae]]{{w|Rosaceae}})
 +
* [[Pistachio]]{{w|Pistachio}} (''Pistacia vera''; [[Anacardiaceae]]{{w|Anacardiaceae}})
 +
* Pitaya, see dragon fruit
 +
* [[Eugenia luschnathiana|Pitomba]]{{w|Eugenia luschnathiana}} (''[[Eugenia luschnathiana]]{{w|Eugenia luschnathiana}}'' or ''[[Talisia esculenta]]{{w|Talisia esculenta}}'')
 +
* [[Plum]]{{w|Plum}}
 +
* [[Pois doux]]{{w|Pois doux}} ''[[Inga edulis]]{{w|Inga edulis}}''
 +
* [[Pomegranate]]{{w|Pomegranate}} (''[[Punica granatum]]{{w|Punica granatum}}''; [[Punicaceae]]{{w|Punicaceae}})
 +
* [[Pomelo]]{{w|Pomelo}} (''Citrus maxima'')
 +
* [[Pommecythère]] or pomcité (''[[Spondias cytherea]]{{w|Spondias cytherea}}'');
 +
* [[Pommerac]]{{w|Pommerac}} (''[[Eugenia malaccensis]]{{w|Eugenia malaccensis}}'');
 +
* Pond-apple (''[[Annona glabra]]{{w|Annona glabra}}''; [[Annonaceae]]{{w|Annonaceae}})
 +
* [[Opuntia|Prickly pear]]{{w|Opuntia}} (''Opuntia spp.''; [[Cactaceae]]{{w|Cactaceae}})
 +
* [[Pulasan]]{{w|Pulasan}} (''Nephelium mutabile''; [[Sapindaceae]]{{w|Sapindaceae}})
 +
* [[Pummelo]]{{w|Pummelo}} (''Citrus grandis''; [[Rutaceae]]{{w|Rutaceae}})
 +
* [[Pupunha]]{{w|Pupunha}} (''Bactris gasipaes''; [[Arecaceae]]{{w|Arecaceae}})
 +
* [[Billarderia longiflora|Purple apple-berry]]{{w|Billarderia longiflora}} (''Billarderia longiflora''; [[Pittosporaceae]]{{w|Pittosporaceae}})
 +
* [[Purple granadilla]]{{w|Purple granadilla}} (''Passiflora edulis f edulis''; [[Passifloraceae]]{{w|Passifloraceae}})
 +
* [[Purple Guava]]{{w|Purple Guava}} (''[[Psidium rufum]]{{w|Psidium rufum}}''; [[Myrtaceae]]{{w|Myrtaceae}})
 +
* [[Purple Mombin]]{{w|Purple Mombin}} (''Spondias purpurea''; [[Anacardiaceae]]{{w|Anacardiaceae}})
 +
* [[Santalum acuminatum|Quandong]]{{w|Santalum acuminatum}} (''Santalum acuminatum''; [[Santalaceae]]{{w|Santalaceae}})
 +
 
 +
==Q==
 +
* [[Queensland Ebony]]{{w|Queensland Ebony}} (''Diospyros humilis'')
 +
* [[Quince]]{{w|Quince}} (''[[Quince|Cydonia oblonga]]{{w|Quince}}'' and ''[[Chaenomeles]]{{w|Chaenomeles}}'')
 +
 
 +
==R==
 +
* [[Raisin tree]]{{w|Raisin tree}} (''Hovenia dulcis'', [[Rhamnaceae]]{{w|Rhamnaceae}})
 +
* [[Rambutan]]{{w|Rambutan}} (''Nephelium lappaceum''; [[Sapindaceae]]{{w|Sapindaceae}})
 +
* [[Raspberry]]{{w|Raspberry}}, several species (genus ''Rubus'')
 +
* [[Red granadilla]]{{w|Red granadilla}} (''Passiflora coccinea''; [[Passifloraceae]]{{w|Passifloraceae}})
 +
* [[Red Mombin]]{{w|Red Mombin}} (''Spondias purpurea''; [[Anacardiaceae]]{{w|Anacardiaceae}})
 +
* [[Red Mulberry]]{{w|Red Mulberry}} (''[[Morus rubra]]{{w|Morus rubra}}'')
 +
* [[Rhubarb]]{{w|Rhubarb}} (''Rheum rhaponticum''; [[Polygonaceae]]{{w|Polygonaceae}})
 +
* [[Riberry]]{{w|Riberry}} (''Syzygium luehmannii''; [[Myrtaceae]]{{w|Myrtaceae}}),
 +
* [[Rimu]]{{w|Rimu}} (''Dacrydium cupressinum'')
 +
* [[Rollinia]]{{w|Rollinia}} (''Rollinia mucosa''; [[Annonaceae]]{{w|Annonaceae}})
 +
* [[Rose Apple]]{{w|Rose Apple}} (''Syzygium jambos''; [[Myrtaceae]]{{w|Myrtaceae}})
 +
* [[Rose hip]]{{w|Rose hip}}
 +
* [[Rubus rosifolius|Rose-leaf Bramble]]{{w|Rubus rosifolius}} (''Rubus rosifolius''; [[Rosaceae]]{{w|Rosaceae}})
 +
* [[Archirhodomyrtus beckleri|Rose myrtle]]{{w|Archirhodomyrtus beckleri}} (''Archirhodomyrtus beckleri''; [[Myrtaceae]]{{w|Myrtaceae}})
 +
* [[Rough Shell Macadamia]]{{w|Rough Shell Macadamia}} (''Macadamia tetraphylla''; [[Proteaceae]]{{w|Proteaceae}})
 +
* [[Rowan]]{{w|Rowan}} (''[[Sorbus]]{{w|Sorbus}}'')
 +
 
 +
==S==
 +
* [[Safou]] (''Dacryodes edulis'')
 +
* [[Sageretia theezans|Sageretia]]{{w|Sageretia theezans}} (''Sageretia theezans''; [[Rhamnaceae]]{{w|Rhamnaceae}})
 +
* [[Saguaro]]{{w|Saguaro}} (''Carnegiea gigantea''; [[Cactaceae]]{{w|Cactaceae}})
 +
* [[Salak]]{{w|Salak}} (''Salacca edulis''; [[Arecaceae]]{{w|Arecaceae}})
 +
* [[Salal]]{{w|Salal}} (''Gaultheria shallon''; [[Ericaceae]]{{w|Ericaceae}})
 +
* [[Salmonberry]]{{w|Salmonberry}} (''[[Rubus spectabilis]]{{w|Rubus spectabilis}}'')
 +
* [[Ficus coronata|Sandpaper Fig]]{{w|Ficus coronata}} (''Ficus coronata''; [[Moraceae]]{{w|Moraceae}})
 +
* [[Santol (fruit)|Santol]]{{w|Santol (fruit)}} (''Sandoricum koetjape''; [[Meliaceae]]{{w|Meliaceae}})
 +
* Sapote, see mamey
 +
* [[Sapodilla]]{{w|Sapodilla}} (''Manilkara zapota''; [[Sapotaceae]]{{w|Sapotaceae}})
 +
* Satinash, fibrous, see fibrous satinash
 +
* [[Saskatoonberry]]{{w|Saskatoonberry}} (''Amelanchier alnifolia'', [[Rosaceae]]{{w|Rosaceae}})
 +
* [[Serenoa|Saw Palmetto]]{{w|Serenoa}} (''Serenoa repens''; [[Arecaceae]]{{w|Arecaceae}})
 +
* [[Sea-buckthorn]]{{w|Sea-buckthorn}} (''[[Hippophae rhamnoides]]{{w|Hippophae rhamnoides}}''; [[Elaeagnaceae]]{{w|Elaeagnaceae}})
 +
* [[Sea Grape]]{{w|Sea Grape}} (''Coccoloba uvifera''; [[Polygonaceae]]{{w|Polygonaceae}})
 +
* [[Amelanchier|Serviceberry]]{{w|Amelanchier}} or Saskatoon (''[[Amelanchier]]{{w|Amelanchier}}'')
 +
* [[Shipova]]{{w|Shipova}} (''[[× Sorbopyrus auricularis]]'')
 +
* [[Diploglottis campbellii|Small-leaf tamarind]]{{w|Diploglottis campbellii}} (''Diploglottis campbellii''; [[Sapindaceae]]{{w|Sapindaceae}})
 +
* [[Gaultheria hispida|Snow berry]]{{w|Gaultheria hispida}} (''Gaultheria hispida''; [[Ericaceae]]{{w|Ericaceae}})
 +
* [[Soncoya]]{{w|Soncoya}} (''Annona diversifolia''; [[Annonaceae]]{{w|Annonaceae}})
 +
* [[Sorbus|Service tree]]{{w|Sorbus}} (''[[Sorbus domestica]]{{w|Sorbus domestica}}'')
 +
* [[Graviola|Soursop or Graviola]]{{w|Soursop}} (''Annona muricata''; [[Annonaceae]]{{w|Annonaceae}})
 +
* [[Malus angustifolia|Southern Crabapple]]{{w|Malus angustifolia}} (''Malus angustifolia''; [[Rosaceae]]{{w|Rosaceae}})
 +
* [[Spanish lime]]{{w|Spanish lime}} (''Melicoccus bijugatus''; [[Sapindaceae]]{{w|Sapindaceae}})
 +
* [[Spanish tamarind]]{{w|Spanish tamarind}} (''Vangueria madagascariensis'')
 +
* [[Strychnos spinosa|Spiny Monkey-orange]]{{w|Strychnos spinosa}} (''Strychnos spinosa'')
 +
* [[Star Apple]]{{w|Star Apple}} (''Chrysophyllum cainito''; [[Chrysobalanaceae]]{{w|Chrysobalanaceae}})
 +
* Starfruit, see carambola
 +
* [[Fragaria|Strawberry]]{{w|Fragaria}} (''Fragaria'')
 +
* [[Strawberry Guava]]{{w|Strawberry Guava}} (''Psidium littorale''; [[Myrtaceae]]{{w|Myrtaceae}})
 +
* Strawberry myrtle, see ugni
 +
* [[Strawberry Pear]]{{w|Strawberry Pear}}
 +
* [[Sugar Apple]]{{w|Sugar Apple}} (''Annona squamosa''; [[Annonaceae]]{{w|Annonaceae}})
 +
* [[Surinam Cherry]]{{w|Surinam Cherry}} (''Eugenia uniflora''; [[Myrtaceae]]{{w|Myrtaceae}})
 +
* [[Billarderia cymosa|Sweet apple-berry]]{{w|Billarderia cymosa}} (''Billarderia cymosa''; [[Pittosporaceae]]{{w|Pittosporaceae}})
 +
* [[Sweet Granadilla]]{{w|Sweet Granadilla}} (''Passiflora ligularis''; [[Passifloraceae]]{{w|Passifloraceae}})
 +
* [[Citrus limetta|Sweet Lemon]]{{w|Citrus limetta}} (''Citrus limetta'')
 +
* [[Sweet orange]]{{w|Sweet orange}}
 +
* [[Sweet pepper]]{{w|Sweet pepper}}
 +
* [[Sweetsop]]{{w|Sweetsop}} (''Annona squamosa''; [[Annonaceae]]{{w|Annonaceae}})
 +
* [[Sycamore fig]]{{w|Sycamore fig}} ([[Ficus sycomorus]]{{w|Ficus sycomorus}}. [[Moraceae]]{{w|Moraceae}})
 +
* [[Spondias dulcis|Tahitian apple]]{{w|Spondias dulcis}} (''Spondias dulcis'')
 +
 
 +
==T==
 +
* [[Tamarillo]]{{w|Tamarillo}} or Tree Tomato (''Cyphomandra betacea''; [[Solanaceae]]{{w|Solanaceae}})
 +
* [[Tamarind]]{{w|Tamarind}} (''Tamarindus indica''; [[Leguminosae]]{{w|Leguminosae}})
 +
* Tamarind, Manila, see Manila tamarind
 +
* Tamarind, monkey, see monkey tamarind
 +
* Tamarind, velvet, see velvet tamarind
 +
* [[Tangerine]]{{w|Tangerine}}, and similar
 +
* [[Mimusops elengi|Tanjong]]{{w|Mimusops elengi}} (''Mimusops elengi''; [[Sapindaceae]]{{w|Sapindaceae}})
 +
* [[Diospyros texana|Texas Persimmon]]{{w|Diospyros texana}} (''Diospyros texana''; [[Ebenaceae]]{{w|Ebenaceae}})
 +
* [[Thimbleberry]]{{w|Thimbleberry}} (''[[Rubus parviflorus]]{{w|Rubus parviflorus}}'')
 +
* [[Tōtara]] (''Podocarpus totara'')
 +
* [[Toyon]]{{w|Toyon}} (''Heteromeles arbutifolia''; [[Rosaceae]]{{w|Rosaceae}})
 +
* [[Tropical Almond]]{{w|Tropical Almond}} (''[[Terminalia catappa]]{{w|Terminalia catappa}}''; [[Combretaceae]]{{w|Combretaceae}})
 +
 
 +
==U==
 +
* [[Ugni molinae|Ugni]]{{w|Ugni molinae}} (''[[Ugni molinae]]{{w|Ugni molinae}}''; [[Myrtaceae]]{{w|Myrtaceae}})
 +
 
 +
*
 +
 
 +
==V==
 +
* [[Vanilla]]{{w|Vanilla}} (''Vanilla planifolia''; [[Orchidaceae]]{{w|Orchidaceae}})
 +
* [[Velvet Tamarind]]{{w|Velvet Tamarind}} (''Dialium indum''; [[Leguminosae]]{{w|Leguminosae}})
 +
 
 +
==W==
 +
* [[Wampee]]{{w|Wampee}} (''Clausena lansium''; [[Rutaceae]]{{w|Rutaceae}})
 +
* [[Water Apple]]{{w|Water Apple}} (''Syzygium aqueum''; [[Myrtaceae]]{{w|Myrtaceae}})
 +
* [[Watermelon]]{{w|Watermelon}} (''Citrullus lanatus'')
 +
* [[Wax Gourd]]{{w|Wax Gourd}}, or winter melon (''Benincasa hispida'')
 +
* [[Wax jambu]]{{w|Wax jambu}} (''Syzygium samarangense''; [[Myrtaceae]]{{w|Myrtaceae}})
 +
* West Indian cherry, see acerola
 +
* [[Acronychia oblongifolia|White aspen]]{{w|Acronychia oblongifolia}} (''Acronychia oblongifolia''; [[Rutaceae]]{{w|Rutaceae}})
 +
* [[White Mulberry]]{{w|White Mulberry}} (''[[Morus alba]]{{w|Morus alba}}'')
 +
* [[White Sapote]]{{w|White Sapote}} (''Casimiroa edulis''; [[Rutaceae]]{{w|Rutaceae}})
 +
* Whortleberry, see [bilberry
 +
* [[Ampelocissus acetosa|Wild grape]]{{w|Ampelocissus acetosa}} (''Ampelocissus acetosa'')
 +
* [[Capparis mitchelii|Wild orange]]{{w|Capparis mitchelii}} (''Capparis mitchellii''; [[Capparaceae]]{{w|Capparaceae}})
 +
* [[Terminalia carpentariae|Wild peach]]{{w|Terminalia carpentariae}} (''Terminalia carpentariae'')
 +
* [[Buchanania obovata|Wild plum (munydjudj)]]{{w|Buchanania obovata}} (''Buchanania obovata'')
 +
* [[Santalum lanceolatum|Wild plum]]{{w|Santalum lanceolatum}} (''Santalum lanceolatum'')
 +
* [[Wild Mangosteen]]{{w|Wild Mangosteen}} (''Garcinia indica'')
 +
* [[Wineberry (United States)|Wineberry]]{{w|Wineberry (United States)}} (''[[Rubus phoenicolasius]]{{w|Rubus phoenicolasius}}'')
 +
* [[Wolfberry]]{{w|Wolfberry}} (''[[Lycium barbarum]]{{w|Lycium barbarum}}'', ''[[Lycium]]{{w|Lycium}}'' spp.; [[Solanaceae]]{{w|Solanaceae}})
 +
* [[Manilkara kaukii|Wongi]]{{w|Manilkara kaukii}} (''Manilkara kaukii''; [[Sapotaceae]]{{w|Sapotaceae}})
 +
* [[Limonia (plant)|Wood Apple]]{{w|Limonia (plant)}} (''Feronia limonia''; [[Rutaceae]]{{w|Rutaceae}})
 +
 
 +
==Y==
 +
* Yangmei (''[[Myrica rubra]]{{w|Myrica rubra}}''; [[Myricaceae]]{{w|Myricaceae}})
 +
* [[Yantok]]{{w|Yantok}}, or rattan fruit (''Calamus manillensis'')
 +
* [[Yellow Granadilla]]{{w|Yellow Granadilla}} (''Passiflora edulis f flavicarpa''; [[Passifloraceae]]{{w|Passifloraceae}})
 +
* [[Yellow Mombin]]{{w|Yellow Mombin}} (''Spondias mombin''; [[Anacardiaceae]]{{w|Anacardiaceae}})
 +
* [[Ximenia americana|Yellow plum]]{{w|Ximenia americana}} (''Ximenia americana''; [[Olacaceae]]{{w|Olacaceae}})
 +
* [[Youngberry]]{{w|Youngberry}}
 +
*[[Melodorum leichhardtii|Zig Zag Vine]]{{w|Melodorum leichhardtii}} (''Melodurum leichhardtii''; [[Annonaceae]]{{w|Annonaceae}})
 +
 
 +
==Z==
 +
* Ziziphus, see jujube
 +
 
 +
== See also ==
 
*[[Jelly Making]] (From Bittersweet, Volume VI, No. 2, Winter 1978)
 
*[[Jelly Making]] (From Bittersweet, Volume VI, No. 2, Winter 1978)
 
*[[Vegetables]]
 
*[[Vegetables]]
 +
*[[Media:Indiginous_fruits.png|Map indicating the most commonly sold indigenous fruits and nuts per region]]
 +
*[[Media:Indigenous_fruits_noncommercial.png|Map indicating local indigenous fruits (tropical fruit) per region]]
 +
*[[Staple crops]]
 +
*[[Animal husbandry|Protein food]]
 +
 +
==References==
 +
{{reflist}}
 +
{{multicol-end}}
 +
 +
 +
{{attrib wikipedia|List of culinary fruits}}
  
==External Links==
 
  
[[Category: Food and Drink]]
+
[[Category:Food crops]]
 +
[[Category:Lists]]
 +
[[Category:Glossaries]]
 +
[[Category:Fruits]]

Latest revision as of 16:04, 17 November 2020

A rainbow of fruits!


FruitsW are parts of flowering plants that are derived from specific tissues of the flower, mainly one or more ovaries. Fruits are characterized by their sweet taste, moderately high calorie contents (ie 50-100 kcal/100grams[1]) and low protein content. The definition on what is and what is not a fruit varies[2] but we will disregard plant parts with low caloric contents (for example, tomato, tomatillo, etc.).

Be aware the the botanical use of the term "fruit" differs from the culinary use of the term. Botanically, fruit is any flowering plant's matured ovary. In culinary terms, fruit refers to specific, often sweeter, varieties of plant food that are used for mainly sweet dishes or for sweetening, but also in a variety of savoury dishes. The list produced below presents a wide variety of edible fruits considered as fruits for culinary purposes.

There are fleshy fruits and dry fruits. This difference has growing, harvesting, storage and use consequences.

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y ZSee alsoReferences


A[edit | edit source]

B[edit | edit source]

C[edit | edit source]

D[edit | edit source]

E[edit | edit source]

F[edit | edit source]

G[edit | edit source]

H[edit | edit source]

I[edit | edit source]

J[edit | edit source]

K[edit | edit source]

L[edit | edit source]

M[edit | edit source]

N[edit | edit source]

O[edit | edit source]

P[edit | edit source]

Q[edit | edit source]

R[edit | edit source]

S[edit | edit source]

T[edit | edit source]

U[edit | edit source]

V[edit | edit source]

W[edit | edit source]

Y[edit | edit source]

Z[edit | edit source]

  • Ziziphus, see jujube

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Apple and Banana having 50 and 80 kcal/100grams respectively, and about 100-150 kcal per piece of fruit
  2. Botanic and culinary fruits