Difference between revisions of "Cleaning groundwater with nanoparticles"

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===Technetium-7===
 
===Technetium-7===
 
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Used to prevent corrosion on steel, to calibrate particle detectors, and as a medical radioactive tracer.[http://education.jlab.org/itselemental/ele043.html]The biggest health issue with this is cancer.[http://www.ead.anl.gov/pub/doc/technetium.pdf]
  
  
 
==Types of remediations==
 
==Types of remediations==
  
 
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[http://aem.asm.org/cgi/content/abstract/66/9/3743]
 
===Downside?===
 
===Downside?===
  

Revision as of 14:38, 10 April 2008

Overview

As for the concern of the condition of the environment, it has become more and more pressing. Now is the time that we must think of new ways to solve these monumental problems. One of the most promising answers is Template:Nanoparticles. This new technology is now being researched in order to discover all of its potential. Within the environment the benefits seem promising, especially dealing with groundwater clean up.

One major problem is that over the decades different contaminates have been released into the the groundwater. This occurs through improper disposal and storages of man-made products [1] , causing the groundwater to become unsafe for use. This is where the new technology of Template:Nanoparticles comes into play. These particles can be injected deep into the groundwater, where it would have been difficult to get to.

What is groundwater?

Groundwater is any snow, rain, sleet, hail, or lake overflow, which is absorbed through the many layers of rock, soil, and sands. It then settles in an area of gravel and sand only a few feet under the ground we stand on. A pump and well system is used to safely obtain the water, so it can be used for crops, drinking and industrial uses. This is where a majority of all are drinking water comes from. [2]

Contamination

Due to the need to industrialize and some carelessness, a high number of groundwater reserves are contamination. The contamination can be caused by anything on the surface that is absorbed into the ground that is not what. In some areas it may just be the over use of pesticides or rock salt used on road. In other areas you have contamination due to acid rain caused by factories, landfill decompositions, oil leaks and nuclear and hazardous waste leaks. These things not only make the water unsafe to use, it also make the water deadly. Some of these harmful chemicals that can make it into the groundwater are carbon tetrachloride, hexavalent chromium, Technetium-7, nitrates, and even some radioactive ones.


Carbon tetrachloride

Is mainly used in refrigeration fluids and propellants for aerosol cans. [3] Some health issues that have occurred from exposure are;

-Liver failure

-Kidney failure

-Cancer

-Over time can start to destroy the nervous system

-Decrease fertility

-Cause birth defects or fetal death in pregnant women

Hexavalent chromium

Used in dyes, paint, inks, plastics, primers, "hot work" wielding, protective coatings, and tanning. [4] Some on the Health affects this has is;

-Cancer

-Tumors

Technetium-7

Used to prevent corrosion on steel, to calibrate particle detectors, and as a medical radioactive tracer.[5]The biggest health issue with this is cancer.[6]


Types of remediations

[7]

Downside?

[8]

[9]

[10]