Difference between revisions of "Category:Open source"

From Appropedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
(→‎Open source software: the "Four Freedoms", RMS, Firefox)
Line 12: Line 12:
  
 
==Open source software==
 
==Open source software==
 +
 +
The pioneers of open source software are Richard Stallman{{wp sup|Richard Stallman}} a.k.a. RMS, and the [http://www.gnu.org/ GNU Project] (who actually prefer the term "Free Softare"). They define the "Four Freedoms" essential to software as:
 +
 +
* The freedom to run the program, for any purpose (freedom 0).
 +
* The freedom to study how the program works, and change it to make it do what you wish (freedom 1). Access to the source code is a precondition for this.
 +
* The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor (freedom 2).
 +
* The freedom to improve the program, and release your improvements (and modified versions in general) to the public, so that the whole community benefits (freedom 3). Access to the source code is a precondition for this.<ref>[http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/free-sw.html The Free Software Definition], GNU Project, Free Software Foundation (FSF)</ref>
 +
 
There are many examples, including:
 
There are many examples, including:
 
* [[Linux]] operating system
 
* [[Linux]] operating system
 +
* [http://www.firefox.com/ Firefox]{{wp sup|Firefox}}
 
* [http://www.openoffice.org OpenOffice] Office Suite
 
* [http://www.openoffice.org OpenOffice] Office Suite
 
* ''See [[Wikipedia:Open-source software]] for more.''
 
* ''See [[Wikipedia:Open-source software]] for more.''

Revision as of 11:06, 12 November 2009

Template:Wikipedia Template:Browsetopic

Open source and development issues

It is highly advisable that "Open source" licences such as the GNU Free Documentation License (read text) be considered for all written material and software related to development.

This allows free use and distribution of the material (free as in freedom, and free beer) and prevents people from being charged for the material. (Note that under many licences it is allowable to charge people for the cost of distribution, but not to impose any additional restrictions on what the person does with it.)

A relevant example is the clay pot filter, which was deliberately not patented, to avoid restrictions on people wanting to use the design. Though thought must also be given to ensuring that no one else will patent it. (It may be that if the design and use of the invention is clearly documented, that will prevent others from being able to claim it as their own...?) (Look into this, contacting the inventor to ask about this.[expansion needed])

See The Green Road to Open Access: A Leveraged Transition by Stevan Harnad for a discussion of the positive access of open access on the pace of progress in research. "Cumulative research impact keeps being lost daily, weekly, yearly, because of access-denial to would-be users whose universities cannot afford the access-tolls." Not that this is particularly relevant to those in the "majority world" (and the less advantaged in wealthy countries) who cannot afford journal and database subscriptions.

Open source software

The pioneers of open source software are Richard StallmanW a.k.a. RMS, and the GNU Project (who actually prefer the term "Free Softare"). They define the "Four Freedoms" essential to software as:

  • The freedom to run the program, for any purpose (freedom 0).
  • The freedom to study how the program works, and change it to make it do what you wish (freedom 1). Access to the source code is a precondition for this.
  • The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor (freedom 2).
  • The freedom to improve the program, and release your improvements (and modified versions in general) to the public, so that the whole community benefits (freedom 3). Access to the source code is a precondition for this.[1]

There are many examples, including:

Text

  • Project Gutenberg - are there texts here relevant to development? (Educational texts, texts for use by English learners?)

Open source projects related to development

See also Wikipedia:Open design



This topic needs a topic expert
  1. The Free Software Definition, GNU Project, Free Software Foundation (FSF)

Subcategories

This category has the following 12 subcategories, out of 12 total.

Pages in category "Open source"

The following 40 pages are in this category, out of 40 total.