Changes

LCOE/Economic Evaluations
*analysis for the base case found that solar-plus-battery grid parity is already here or imminent for certain customers in certain geographies, such as Hawaii. Grid parity will also arrive within the next 30 years (and in many cases much sooner) for a much wider set of customers in all but regions with the cheapest retail electricity prices.
*This paper conflicts with another in this literature review in believing that the utility death spiral is a real threat.
 
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====[https://repositorio.comillas.edu/rest/bitstreams/59639/retrieve THE ECONOMICS OF ELECTRICITY GRID DEFECTION. A CASE STUDY]===
*Master's Thesis
*This thesis focuses on two of these new customer usage trends: grid integrated and grid defection.
*The aim of the thesis is to develop a quantitative analysis to assess the economic potential of DES component technologies for facilitating electricity grid defection.
*It is evident that there exists a conflicting condition. For a grid integrated option, a small PV system is less costly, but is unable to satisfy a higher percentage of grid independence. Therefore, it implies grid connection is necessary. On the other hand, 100% grid independence is only possible with a very large PV battery system which is subject to significant DER capital costs. Off grid systems need to be oversized to guarantee stand-alone reliable service. However, according to PV generation results in grid defection option, such system will have a very high unused energy which could be a revenue source higher than the annual grid connection fee (supply charge).
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