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Open-pv.png This page is part of an MTU graduate course MY5490/EE5490: Solar Photovoltaic Science and Engineering. Both the course documentation and the course generated content is open source. However, the course runs over Spring semesters during this time it is not open edit. Please leave comments using the discussion tab.



  • Christoph F., Reinhart (2004). "Lightswitch-2002: a model for manual and automated control of electric lighting and blinds". Solar Energy 77 (1): 15-28. doi:10.1016/j.solener.2004.04.003. ISSN 0038-092X.
    Notes:
    • Cited 138 times
    • Proposes a simulation algorithm that predicts the switching patterns of lightswitches
    • References several papers on blind use that may be useful



  • Newsham, G.r. (1994-05-01). "Manual Control of Window Blinds and Electric Lighting: Implications for Comfort and Energy Consumption". Indoor and Built Environment 3 (3): 135 -144. doi:10.1177/1420326X9400300307. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
    Notes:
    • Cited 40 times
    • Paper examines impact of manual control of window blinds and lighting for a typical south-facing office room in Toronto, ON
    • Stresses user comfort over thermal efficiency


  • Reinhart, Cf; K Voss (2003-09-01). "Monitoring manual control of electric lighting and blinds". Lighting Research and Technology 35 (3): 243-260. doi:10.1191/1365782803li064oa. ISSN 00000000 14771535, 00000000. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
    Notes:
    • Cited 60 times
    • Builds off previous research paper
    • Probability of light switching based on illuminance


  • Charron, Raemi; Andreas K. Athienitis (2006-05). "Optimization of the performance of double-facades with integrated photovoltaic panels and motorized blinds". Solar Energy 80 (5): 482-491. doi:10.1016/j.solener.2005.05.004. ISSN 0038-092X.
    Notes:
    • Cited 35 times
    • System uses a double-facade system for energy capture - paper may be limited in usefulness

  • Tilmann E., Kuhn (2006-06). "Solar control: A general evaluation method for facades with venetian blinds or other solar control systems". Energy and Buildings 38 (6): 648-660. doi:10.1016/j.enbuild.2005.10.002. ISSN 0378-7788.
    Notes:
    • Cited 21 times
    • More-so a study of building design
    • Equation dense, may still be useful for energy calculations


  • Roche, L (2002-03-01). "Summertime performance of an automated lighting and blinds control system". Lighting Research and Technology 34 (1): 11 -25. doi:10.1191/1365782802li026oa. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
    Notes:
    • Cited 25 times
    • Automated blind and lighting control system
    • Shown to provide 60% less electric lighting
    • Higher importance on staying within an illumination band than thermal


  • Tzempelikos, Athanassios; Andreas K. Athienitis (2007). "The impact of shading design and control on building cooling and lighting demand". Solar Energy 81 (3): 369 - 382. doi:10.1016/j.solener.2006.06.015. ISSN 0038-092X.
    Notes:
    • Cited 57 times
    • Study done in Montreal, Quebec... daylight availability ratio tables
    • Another good option to base writing off of


  • M., Zaheer-Uddin (1987). "The influence of automated window shutters on the design and performance of a passive solar house". Building and Environment 22 (1): 67-75. doi:10.1016/0360-1323(87)90043-6. ISSN 0360-1323.
    Notes:

  • Kachadorian, James (2006-07-31). The passive solar house. Chelsea Green Publishing. ISBN 9781933392035.
    Notes:
    • Cited 23 times
    • Book about general passive house information (Do-It-Yourself type book)
    • Chapter about solar design calculations


  • Chiras, Daniel D. (2002). The solar house: passive heating and cooling. Chelsea Green Publishing. ISBN 9781931498128.
    Notes:
    • Cited 41 times
    • Another book about general passive house information
    • More in depth approach
    • Section about best places in US for passive heating/cooling


  • Galasiu, Anca D; Morad R Atif, Robert A MacDonald (2004-01). "Impact of window blinds on daylight-linked dimming and automatic on/off lighting controls". Solar Energy 76 (5): 523-544. doi:10.1016/j.solener.2003.12.007. ISSN 0038092X. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
    Notes:
    • Cited 18 times
    • Photo controlled lighting systems (variable lighting based off of PV sensing)
    • Possibly useful for future work section
    • lighting control systems found to be responsible for 50-60% reduction in energy consumption
    • Compares dimming systems and on/off systems
    • investigates numerous blinds configurations


  • Boubekri, Mohamed; Robert B. Hull, Lester L. Boyer (1991-07-01). "Impact of Window Size and Sunlight Penetration on Office Workers' Mood and Satisfaction". Environment and Behavior 23 (4): 474 -493. doi:10.1177/0013916591234004. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
    Notes:
    • Cited 46 times
    • Possibly useful for general discussion (Effects on users) and important information for controls, QC, reception, and design
    • Study investigates the impact of window size as well as assorted amounts of sunlight penetration's effect on occupant (user) emotional response and satisfaction
    • Interesting algebraic approach to determine mood
    • Trends for mood based on area of floor covered in sun


  • Lee, E.S.; D.L. DiBartolomeo, S.E. Selkowitz (1998-12). "Thermal and daylighting performance of an automated venetian blind and lighting system in a full-scale private office". Energy and Buildings 29 (1): 47-63. doi:10.1016/S0378-7788(98)00035-8. ISSN 0378-7788.
    Notes:
    • Cited 72 times
    • Study utilized automated Venetian blinds synchronized with a dimmable electric lighting system.
    • Report is very well written and may provide good introduction information
    • Contains room blueprints, list of monitored data...
    • Paper could be extremely useful for a basis for writing report


  • Roisin, B.; M. Bodart, A. Deneyer, P. D. Herdt (2008). "Lighting energy savings in offices using different control systems and their real consumption". Energy and Buildings 40 (4): 514-523. doi:10.1016/j.enbuild.2007.04.006. ISSN 0378-7788.
    Notes:
    • Cited 20 times
    • Simulations based off of DAYSIM
    • Estimates energy savings due to smart dimming of lights
    • Savings found to be between 45-61%
    • Possibly useful for future work and background information


  • Stephenson, D.G. (1964). "Equations for solar heat gain through windows". Solar Energy 9 (2): 81-86. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
    Notes:
    • Cited 38 times
    • Calculates insolation empirically (20 stations in Scarborough, Ontario)
    • Similar Latitude (Scarborough: 43.78º, Houghton: 47.12º)
    • Variables: time, date, latitude, building orientation, type of glass, and shading
    • Equations for Direct Normal Insolation @ ground level (DNI)...
    • Isolation Charts


  • "Arduino motor/stepper/servo control - How to use". Retrieved 2012-02-10.
    Notes:
    • Reference/requirements for small motor control using arduino microcontroller boards
    • May be useful resource for blind/shade actuation


  • "Arduino playground - InterfacingWithHardware". Retrieved 2012-02-10.
    Notes:
    • Resource for interfacing arduino microcontrollers with many types of hardware
    • Interfacing with temperature sensors potentially useful


  • "Arduino playground - PIDLibrary". Retrieved 2012-02-10.
    Notes:
    • Useful for PID control on arduino
    • contains libraries for PID functions


    Literature Review

    1. Joshua M, Pearce (2002-09). "Photovoltaics — a path to sustainable futures". Futures 34 (7): 663-674. doi:10.1016/S0016-3287(02)00008-3. ISSN 0016-3287.

      Abstract: As both population and energy use per capita increase, modern society is approaching physical limits to its continued fossil fuel consumption. The immediate limits are set by the planet’s ability to adapt to a changing atmospheric chemical composition, not the availability of resources. In order for a future society to be sustainable while operating at or above our current standard of living a shift away from carbon based energy sources must occur. An overview of the current state of active solar (photovoltaic, PV) energy technology is provided here to outline a partial solution for the environmental problems caused by accelerating global energy expenditure. The technical, social, and economic benefits and limitations of PV technologies to provide electricity in both off-grid and on-grid applications is critically analyzed in the context of this shift in energy sources. It is shown that PV electrical production is a technologically feasible, economically viable, environmentally benign, sustainable, and socially equitable solution to society’s future energy requirements.

      Notes:
      • Cited 42 times
      • Useful for background/introduction information
      open access

    2. Kimball, J.W.; Kuhn, B.T.; Balog, R.S. (2009-04). "A System Design Approach for Unattended Solar Energy Harvesting Supply". Power Electronics, IEEE Transactions on 24 (4): 952-962. doi:10.1109/TPEL.2008.2009056. ISSN 0885-8993.

      Abstract: Remote devices, such as sensors and communications devices, require continuously available power. In many applications, conventional approaches are too expensive, too large, or unreliable. For short-term needs, primary batteries may be used. However, they do not scale up well for long-term installations. Instead, energy harvesting methods must be used. Here, a system design approach is introduced that results in a highly reliable, highly available energy harvesting device for remote applications. First, a simulation method that uses climate data and target availability produces Pareto curves for energy storage and generation. This step determines the energy storage requirement in watt-hours and the energy generation requirement in watts. Cost, size, reliability, and longevity requirements are considered to choose particular storage and generation technologies, and then to specify particular components. The overall energy processing system is designed for modularity, fault tolerance, and energy flow control capability. Maximum power point tracking is used to optimize solar panel performance. The result is a highly reliable, highly available power source. Several prototypes have been constructed and tested. Experimental results are shown for one device that uses multicrystalline silicon solar cells and lithium-iron-phosphate batteries to achieve 100% availability. Future designers can use the same approach to design systems for a wide range of power requirements and installation locations.

    3. Nasiri, A.; Zabalawi, S.A.; Mandic, G. (2009-11). "Indoor Power Harvesting Using Photovoltaic Cells for Low-Power Applications". Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on 56 (11): 4502-4509. doi:10.1109/TIE.2009.2020703. ISSN 0278-0046.

      Abstract: Utilization of low-power indoor devices such as remote sensors, supervisory and alarm systems, distributed controls, and data transfer system is on steady rise. Due to remote and distributed nature of these systems, it is attractive to avoid using electrical wiring to supply power to them. Primary batteries have been used for this application for many years, but they require regular maintenance at usually hard to access places. This paper provides a complete analysis of a photovoltaic (PV) harvesting system for indoor low-power applications. The characteristics of a target load, PV cell, and power conditioning circuit are discussed. Different choices of energy storage are also explained. Implementation and test results of the system are presented, which highlights the practical issues and limitations of the system.

    4. Stephenson, D.G. (1964). "Equations for solar heat gain through windows". Solar Energy 9 (2): 81-86. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
      Notes:
      • Cited 38 times
      • Calculates insolation empirically (20 stations in Scarborough, Ontario)
      • Similar Latitude (Scarborough: 43.78º, Houghton: 47.12º)
      • Variables: time, date, latitude, building orientation, type of glass, and shading
      • Equations for Direct Normal Insolation @ ground level (DNI)...
      • Isolation Charts

    5. Galasiu, Anca D; Morad R Atif, Robert A MacDonald (2004-01). "Impact of window blinds on daylight-linked dimming and automatic on/off lighting controls". Solar Energy 76 (5): 523-544. doi:10.1016/j.solener.2003.12.007. ISSN 0038092X. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
      Notes:
      • Cited 18 times
      • Photo controlled lighting systems (variable lighting based off of PV sensing)
      • Possibly useful for future work section
      • lighting control systems found to be responsible for 50-60% reduction in energy consumption
      • Compares dimming systems and on/off systems
      • investigates numerous blinds configurations

    6. Boubekri, Mohamed; Robert B. Hull, Lester L. Boyer (1991-07-01). "Impact of Window Size and Sunlight Penetration on Office Workers' Mood and Satisfaction". Environment and Behavior 23 (4): 474 -493. doi:10.1177/0013916591234004. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
      Notes:
      • Cited 46 times
      • Possibly useful for general discussion (Effects on users) and important information for controls, QC, reception, and design
      • Study investigates the impact of window size as well as assorted amounts of sunlight penetration's effect on occupant (user) emotional response and satisfaction
      • Interesting algebraic approach to determine mood
      • Trends for mood based on area of floor covered in sun

    7. Lee, E.S.; D.L. DiBartolomeo, S.E. Selkowitz (1998-12). "Thermal and daylighting performance of an automated venetian blind and lighting system in a full-scale private office". Energy and Buildings 29 (1): 47-63. doi:10.1016/S0378-7788(98)00035-8. ISSN 0378-7788.
      Notes:
      • Cited 72 times
      • Study utilized automated Venetian blinds synchronized with a dimmable electric lighting system.
      • Report is very well written and may provide good introduction information
      • Contains room blueprints, list of monitored data...
      • Paper could be extremely useful for a basis for writing report

    8. Roisin, B.; M. Bodart, A. Deneyer, P. D. Herdt (2008). "Lighting energy savings in offices using different control systems and their real consumption". Energy and Buildings 40 (4): 514-523. doi:10.1016/j.enbuild.2007.04.006. ISSN 0378-7788.
      Notes:
      • Cited 20 times
      • Simulations based off of DAYSIM
      • Estimates energy savings due to smart dimming of lights
      • Savings found to be between 45-61%
      • Possibly useful for future work and background information

    9. Christoph F., Reinhart (2004). "Lightswitch-2002: a model for manual and automated control of electric lighting and blinds". Solar Energy 77 (1): 15-28. doi:10.1016/j.solener.2004.04.003. ISSN 0038-092X.
      Notes:
      • Cited 138 times
      • Proposes a simulation algorithm that predicts the switching patterns of lightswitches
      • References several papers on blind use that may be useful

    10. Newsham, G.r. (1994-05-01). "Manual Control of Window Blinds and Electric Lighting: Implications for Comfort and Energy Consumption". Indoor and Built Environment 3 (3): 135 -144. doi:10.1177/1420326X9400300307. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
      Notes:
      • Cited 40 times
      • Paper examines impact of manual control of window blinds and lighting for a typical south-facing office room in Toronto, ON
      • Stresses user comfort over thermal efficiency

    11. Reinhart, Cf; K Voss (2003-09-01). "Monitoring manual control of electric lighting and blinds". Lighting Research and Technology 35 (3): 243-260. doi:10.1191/1365782803li064oa. ISSN 00000000 14771535, 00000000. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
      Notes:
      • Cited 60 times
      • Builds off previous research paper
      • Probability of light switching based on illuminance

    12. Charron, Raemi; Andreas K. Athienitis (2006-05). "Optimization of the performance of double-facades with integrated photovoltaic panels and motorized blinds". Solar Energy 80 (5): 482-491. doi:10.1016/j.solener.2005.05.004. ISSN 0038-092X.
      Notes:
      • Cited 35 times
      • System uses a double-facade system for energy capture - paper may be limited in usefulness

    13. Tilmann E., Kuhn (2006-06). "Solar control: A general evaluation method for facades with venetian blinds or other solar control systems". Energy and Buildings 38 (6): 648-660. doi:10.1016/j.enbuild.2005.10.002. ISSN 0378-7788.
      Notes:
      • Cited 21 times
      • More-so a study of building design
      • Equation dense, may still be useful for energy calculations

    14. Roche, L (2002-03-01). "Summertime performance of an automated lighting and blinds control system". Lighting Research and Technology 34 (1): 11 -25. doi:10.1191/1365782802li026oa. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
      Notes:
      • Cited 25 times
      • Automated blind and lighting control system
      • Shown to provide 60% less electric lighting
      • Higher importance on staying within an illumination band than thermal

    15. Tzempelikos, Athanassios; Andreas K. Athienitis (2007). "The impact of shading design and control on building cooling and lighting demand". Solar Energy 81 (3): 369 - 382. doi:10.1016/j.solener.2006.06.015. ISSN 0038-092X.
      Notes:
      • Cited 57 times
      • Study done in Montreal, Quebec... daylight availability ratio tables
      • Another good option to base writing off of

    16. M., Zaheer-Uddin (1987). "The influence of automated window shutters on the design and performance of a passive solar house". Building and Environment 22 (1): 67-75. doi:10.1016/0360-1323(87)90043-6. ISSN 0360-1323.
      Notes:
    17. Kachadorian, James (2006-07-31). The passive solar house. Chelsea Green Publishing. ISBN 9781933392035.
      Notes:
      • Cited 23 times
      • Book about general passive house information (Do-It-Yourself type book)
      • Chapter about solar design calculations

    18. Chiras, Daniel D. (2002). The solar house: passive heating and cooling. Chelsea Green Publishing. ISBN 9781931498128.
      Notes:
      • Cited 41 times
      • Another book about general passive house information
      • More in depth approach
      • Section about best places in US for passive heating/cooling


    19. Enslin, J.H.R.; D.B. Snyman (1991-01). "Combined low-cost, high-efficient inverter, peak power tracker and regulator for PV applications". IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics 6 (1): 73-82. doi:10.1109/63.65005. ISSN 08858993. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
      Notes:
      • Cited 75 times
      • Emphasises low cost
      • MPPT only
      • Schematics
      • AC application - may not be useful

    20. Alghuwainem, S.M. (1994-03). "Matching of a DC motor to a photovoltaic generator using a step-up converter with a current-locked loop". IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion 9 (1): 192-198. doi:10.1109/60.282492. ISSN 08858969. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
      Notes:
      • Cited 47 times
      • Applications load is a DC motor
      • Much higher power application

    21. Pandey, Ashish; Nivedita Dasgupta, Ashok K. Mukerjee (2007-03). "A Simple Single-Sensor MPPT Solution". IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics 22 (2): 698-700. doi:10.1109/TPEL.2007.892346. ISSN 0885-8993. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
      Notes:
      • Cited 35 times
      • Introduces a method for simple MPPT algorithms
      • Regarded as costly
      • Analysis is very simple

    22. Enslin, J.H.R.. "Maximum power point tracking: a cost saving necessity in solar energy systems". IEEE. pp. 1073-1077. doi:10.1109/IECON.1990.149286. ISBN 0-87942-600-4. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
      Notes:
      • Cited 29 times
      • Possible usage for background in paper
      • MPPT algorithm explained

    23. Esram, Trishan; Patrick L. Chapman (2007-06). "Comparison of Photovoltaic Array Maximum Power Point Tracking Techniques". IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion 22 (2): 439-449. doi:10.1109/TEC.2006.874230. ISSN 0885-8969. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
      Notes:
      • Cited 625 times
      • Well cited paper
      • Definitive paper for MPPT
      • Well defined problem statement

    24. Walker, Geoff (2001). "Evaluating MPPT converter topologies using a MATLAB PV model". Journal of Electrical Electronics Engineering 21 (1): 49-56.
      Notes:
      • Cited 140 times
      • Theoretical approach
      • Includes model code
      • Presents MPPT equations

    25. Enslin, J.H.R.; M.S. Wolf, D.B. Snyman, W. Swiegers (1997-12). "Integrated photovoltaic maximum power point tracking converter". IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics 44 (6): 769-773. doi:10.1109/41.649937. ISSN 02780046. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
      Notes:
      • Cited 238 times
      • MPPT schematics and results

    26. Simoes, M.G.; N.N. Franceschetti, M. Friedhofer. "A fuzzy logic based photovoltaic peak power tracking control". 1. IEEE. pp. 300-305. doi:10.1109/ISIE.1998.707796. ISBN 0-7803-4756-0. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
      Notes:
      • Cited 54times
      • Well documented algorithm (Fuzzy logic)

    27. Thulasiyammal, C.; S. Sutha (2011-01). "An efficient method of MPPT tracking system of a solar powered Uninterruptible Power Supply application". IEEE. pp. 233-236. doi:10.1109/ICEES.2011.5725334. ISBN 978-1-4244-9732-4. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
      Notes:
      • Not cited
      • 12v output
      • lacking methodology

    28. Sharaf, A.M.; E. Elbakush, I. H. Altas (2007-10). "Novel Control Strategies For Photovoltaic Powered PMDC Motor Drives". IEEE. pp. 461-466. doi:10.1109/EPC.2007.4520376. ISBN 978-1-4244-1444-4, 978-1-4244-1445-1. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
      Notes:
      • Not cited
      • PID controller for PV powered PMDC drives
      • Well documented simulation
      • Lacking on the PV side