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- Industrial hand pumps, such as the Indian Mark II, for communal wells donated by development projects often break down after two years. If maintenance costs are born by the users this cost is too high when repairs prove necessary and the pum is left nonfunctional.
- An alternative reliable hand pump is needed for communal and private use to supply clean drinking water and irrigation. These will raise the standard of living if they are low in cost, reliable and lift water effectively. Efficiency is critical to irrigate a garden in the dry season due to the relatively large amount of water involved. Such gardens provide food and increased income.
- Local affordability, maintenance an pump efficiency are required features. Local affordability results in a twenty to hundred fold cost reduction compared to imported industrial goods. Local maintenance is only possible when made with local resources and skills.
- The pumping system should prevent contamination of drinking water by permitting the well to be sealed. This is especially true of communal wells. Industrial pumps need to be bolted on to a concrete slab positioned over the well. However, this makes the water inaccessible when the pump breaks down. Immediate maintenance on the pump or access to the well through an emergency hatch permits continuous access to lifegiving water.
- Low cost modern materials as plastic pipe and rope are used in a rotating hand pump system. In the working principle of the chain pump the chain is replaced by rope and the rotating chain drum by a specially constructed rubber disk wheel. Such a rubber wheel can be made from used car tires. Other additional needed materials can be found at little or no cost.
- Little time is needed to instruct users or craftsman to construct a rope pump. People adapt the basic principle to their own needs, be it shallow or deep wells and bore holes, or horizontal pumping from a pond. To achieve quality, instruction should center on making understood the relation between wheel diameter and the diameter of the plastic pump pipe. Crucial is the correct construction of the place where the rope movement changes direction from downwards to upwards in the bottom of the well.
- If instructions regarding quality are followed, the water water gift of the rope pump outclasses the traditional pump by far. The Demotech Rope-pump is superior by far in all aspects of use, as well as price per unit, when compared to other types of hand-pumps. *Further development could mean cutting the cost-price per unit in half, making it suitable for 100m-holes, quick and efficient maintenance, robust construction and housing, as well as more-efficient propulsion and higher efficiency.
- The rope pump can be adapted to a special situation. To make it suitable for being mounted on a well cover the bearing of the pump axle is positioned at one side of the pump wheel only. In most other set-ups it is preferred to have the bearing on both sides of the pump wheel, better even: at both the very ends of the axle and handle.