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Difference between revisions of "Pure plant oil as fuel"

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==Ethics==
 
==Ethics==
 
{{Main|Vegetable fats and oils}}
 
{{Main|Vegetable fats and oils}}
The ethics of burning perfectly good oil (from human consumable plants) for transportation purposes are questionable. This isn't the case with oils that are not consumable by humans though. [[Waste vegetable oil]] is a good alternative to SVO for oils that ''are'' humanly consumable as this oil is allready used for cooking prior to using it as fuel.
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The ethics of burning perfectly good plant oil (from human consumable plants) for transportation purposes are questionable. This isn't the case with pure plant oils that are not consumable by humans though. [[Waste vegetable oil]] is a good alternative to SVO for oils that ''are'' humanly consumable as this oil is allready used for cooking prior to using it as fuel. It however does require a lot of extra hassle (ie filtering).
  
 
==Cost==
 
==Cost==
Although some argue that costs of [[Vegetable oils and fat|SVO]] are considerable (more expensive than [[petrodiesel]]{{w|petrodiesel}} ), this is not always true. Depending on which country you live in, it may be more costly, or a lot cheaper. For example, in Europe, SVO costs 54 pence/liter at most supermarkets and 42 pence/liter when bought in bulk direct from the manufacturers whereas diesel costs about 99 pence per liter to well over that (depends on the year).<ref>http://forums.moneysavingexpert.com/showthread.php?t=520558</ref> In the USA, diesel costs about 0,6 $ per liter<ref>[http://www.dieselearth.com/notebook/bulk-vegetable-oil.html Diesel and petrol costing about 3 dollar per gallon</ref> and the cheapest SVO costs about the same, with more expensive oils costing more than that (upto 7$ per gallon).
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Although some argue that costs of [[Vegetable oils and fat|SVO]] are considerable (more expensive than [[petrodiesel]]{{w|petrodiesel}} ), this is not always true. Depending on which country you live in, it may be more costly, or a lot cheaper. For example, in Europe, SVO costs 54 pence/liter at most supermarkets and 42 pence/liter when bought in bulk direct from the manufacturers whereas diesel costs atleast 99 pence per liter (in the UK) to well over that (depends on the year, 1.4 euro is the current market price in central Europe).<ref>http://forums.moneysavingexpert.com/showthread.php?t=520558</ref> In the USA, diesel costs about 0,6 $ per liter<ref>[http://www.dieselearth.com/notebook/bulk-vegetable-oil.html Diesel and petrol costing about 3 dollar per gallon</ref> and the cheapest SVO costs about the same, with more expensive oils costing more than that (upto 7$ per gallon).
  
 
==References==
 
==References==

Revision as of 11:57, 8 August 2012

Pure plant oil (PPO) or straight vegetable oil (SVO) can be used as a fuel. It is too thick to get through modern injection pumps and injectors without causing damage, but chemical transformation into biodiesel is not the only way to make it thinner. When heated to 80° Centigrade (176° Fahrenheit), common vegetable oils are no more viscous than cold diesel fuel. It is also possible to add additives (ie ethanol, methanol,[1] for this to happen.

Modifying engines to run on pure plant oil typically requires an extra tank and engine fuel supply modifications. By pre-heating the SVO with a combination of radiator coolant and electric heat, the SVO runs the diesel engine with no problems. The engine is started on biodiesel (or blend, if below freezing) and run until hot, then an electric valve switches the engine to the SVO tank.

The pollution from SVO is not as well studied as that of biodiesel, but it is thought to be similar to biodiesel—and much less than petrodiesel pollution. The Danish Center for Plant Oil Technology has some interesting figures comparing rapeseed (Canola) oil and diesel fuel: 42% lower carbon monoxide, 63% lower unburned hydrocarbons, 19% lower nitrogen oxides, and 42% lower particulates.

Depending on the source of the oil, it has more or less the same energy content as petrodiesel—more energy than biodiesel. This can be noticeable on under-powered vehicles.

[2]

Use in diesel engines

Theoretically it is possible to modify any diesel engine to run on pure plant oils (PPO). The modifications necessary to allow reliable operation vary greatly depending on the design of the engine, the type of oil to be burnt and the ambient temperatures in which the engine will be operated.

For reliable operation with PPO it is highly recommended to perform an engine health check before switching fuels as the use of PPO requires the engine to be in good order.

A widely used method for reliable operation is to convert the engine to dual fuel and fit a PPO two tank system. The engine is started on diesel fuel and switched to PPO as the engine warms. Before the engine is stopped for an extended period the fuel supply is switched back to diesel fuel for enough time to allow the fuel system to be purged of PPO. The engine is then ready to be cold started on diesel fuel.

It is possible however to modify cold start and fuelling parameters to allow engines to be started on PPO - this is known as a PPO single tank system

Ethics

The ethics of burning perfectly good plant oil (from human consumable plants) for transportation purposes are questionable. This isn't the case with pure plant oils that are not consumable by humans though. Waste vegetable oil is a good alternative to SVO for oils that are humanly consumable as this oil is allready used for cooking prior to using it as fuel. It however does require a lot of extra hassle (ie filtering).

Cost

Although some argue that costs of SVO are considerable (more expensive than petrodieselW ), this is not always true. Depending on which country you live in, it may be more costly, or a lot cheaper. For example, in Europe, SVO costs 54 pence/liter at most supermarkets and 42 pence/liter when bought in bulk direct from the manufacturers whereas diesel costs atleast 99 pence per liter (in the UK) to well over that (depends on the year, 1.4 euro is the current market price in central Europe).[3] In the USA, diesel costs about 0,6 $ per liter[4] and the cheapest SVO costs about the same, with more expensive oils costing more than that (upto 7$ per gallon).

References

See also