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Permaculture is a type of gardening that uses a specific vegetation pattern, and uses specific combinations of flora/fauna. It is often centered around a house. Depending on the local bioregion however, and as a result, varying conditions, different specific choices and practices can be made. It can hence be said that permaculture is, at its core, a set of thinking tools, in particular towards awareness of context, threats and opportunities.
The prime directive of permaculture as stated by Mollison is that “the only ethical decision is to take responsibility for our own existence and that of our children. Make it now.”
The three interwoven ethics guiding permaculture are: Earth Care, People Care, and Fair Share/Return the Surplus. To borrow a concept from Buddhism, Right Action occurs when all three ethics are actualized by a given action or design decision.