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Difference between revisions of "Lonicera caerulea"

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* Blue-berried Honeysuckle / Blue honeysuckle
 
* Blue-berried Honeysuckle / Blue honeysuckle
 
* Deepblue Honeysuckle
 
* Deepblue Honeysuckle
 +
* Bluefly honeysuckle
  
 
===Etymology===
 
===Etymology===
 
Haskap -- from Ainu language meaning "little present on the end of the branch".
 
Haskap -- from Ainu language meaning "little present on the end of the branch".
  
<!--===History===
+
===History===
 
===Varieties===
 
===Varieties===
  
 
==Characteristics==
 
==Characteristics==
 
===Range===
 
===Range===
 +
 +
''Native to:''
 +
 +
Albania, Amur, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Chita, Czechoslovakia, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Korea, Kuril Is., Magadan, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Primorye, Romania, Sakhalin, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia
 +
 +
''Introduced into:''
 +
 +
Norway
 +
 +
<nowiki>[Source= Plants of the World Online]</nowiki><ref name=powo>[http://plantsoftheworldonline.org/taxon/urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:148657-1 ''Lonicera caerulea'' (Plants of the World Online).]</ref>
 +
 
===Morphology===
 
===Morphology===
 +
Mature height 1.5 m (5"), spread 1.5 m (5")<ref name=crawford2016>Crawford, M (2016). [https://www.worldcat.org/title/creating-a-forest-garden-working-with-nature-to-grow-edible-crops/oclc/1041938577 Creating a Forest Garden: working with nature to grow edible crops.] Green Books. ISBN 9781900322621.</ref>
 +
 +
Fruits 0.8-1.0cm long, dark blue.
 
===Growth Habit===
 
===Growth Habit===
 +
Fast growing, deciduous shrub.<ref name=edibleshrubs>Edible Shrubs</ref>
 
===Reproduction===
 
===Reproduction===
 +
At least 2 plants needed for good cropping.
 +
 +
Flowering from spring (March-April in UK).<ref name=crawford2016 /> Flowers frost tolerant.<ref name=crawford2016 />
 +
 +
Fruiting in summer.
  
 
==Requirements==
 
==Requirements==
 
===Hardiness===
 
===Hardiness===
 
===Soil Type===
 
===Soil Type===
 +
Tolerant of most soils.<ref name=crawford2016 />
 
===Soil pH===
 
===Soil pH===
 
===Shade Preference===
 
===Shade Preference===
 +
Full sun
 
===Shade Tolerance===
 
===Shade Tolerance===
 +
Moderate shade, cropping reduced
 
===Aspect===
 
===Aspect===
 
===Exposure===
 
===Exposure===
  
 
==Cultivation==
 
==Cultivation==
 +
Easy to grow
 
===Planting===
 
===Planting===
 +
Potted or bare rooted plants in winter.<ref name=crawford2016 />
 
===Forest Gardening===
 
===Forest Gardening===
 
===Companion Planting===
 
===Companion Planting===
Line 48: Line 74:
 
===Pruning===
 
===Pruning===
 
===Problems===
 
===Problems===
 +
Resistant to pests and disesases<ref name=edibleshrubs />
  
 
==Harvest==
 
==Harvest==
 +
 +
Harvest when berries darken and soften.<ref name=crawford2016 />
 +
 +
Stores for about 1 week.
 
==Preservation==
 
==Preservation==
 +
* Freezing
 
==Uses==
 
==Uses==
* ‘’’’’’ --
+
Berries can be eaten raw.<ref name=edibleshrubs /> Seeds are very small, so no need to seive.
 +
* Jams
 +
* Jellies
 +
* Fruit leather
 +
 
 +
Secondary uses:
 +
 
 +
* [[Bee-friendly plants|Bee plant]] (like most honeysuckles)
 
==Cooking==
 
==Cooking==
‘’Add recipes or links here’’-->
+
‘’Add recipes or links here’’
 +
 
 
==Nutritional Values==
 
==Nutritional Values==
 
* High in antioxidants (3x higher than blueberries).  
 
* High in antioxidants (3x higher than blueberries).  

Revision as of 21:27, 25 May 2019

This article discusses cultivation, uses and preservation of Lonicera caerulea, a cool climate shrub with edible fruit in the honeysuckle family. The plant may perform moderately well as part of the shrub layer in a temperate climate forest garden.

Background Information

Taxonomy

Family: Caprifoliaceae ("honeysuckle family")

Genus: Lonicera

Species: L. caerulea

Common names

  • Honeyberry
  • Sweetberry Honeysuckle
  • Haskap (haskappu, hascap, hascup)
  • Blue-berried Honeysuckle / Blue honeysuckle
  • Deepblue Honeysuckle
  • Bluefly honeysuckle

Etymology

Haskap -- from Ainu language meaning "little present on the end of the branch".

History

Varieties

Characteristics

Range

Native to:

Albania, Amur, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Chita, Czechoslovakia, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Korea, Kuril Is., Magadan, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Primorye, Romania, Sakhalin, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Norway

[Source= Plants of the World Online][1]

Morphology

Mature height 1.5 m (5"), spread 1.5 m (5")[2]

Fruits 0.8-1.0cm long, dark blue.

Growth Habit

Fast growing, deciduous shrub.[3]

Reproduction

At least 2 plants needed for good cropping.

Flowering from spring (March-April in UK).[2] Flowers frost tolerant.[2]

Fruiting in summer.

Requirements

Hardiness

Soil Type

Tolerant of most soils.[2]

Soil pH

Shade Preference

Full sun

Shade Tolerance

Moderate shade, cropping reduced

Aspect

Exposure

Cultivation

Easy to grow

Planting

Potted or bare rooted plants in winter.[2]

Forest Gardening

Companion Planting

Allelopathy

Propagation

Maintenance

Watering

Pruning

Problems

Resistant to pests and disesases[3]

Harvest

Harvest when berries darken and soften.[2]

Stores for about 1 week.

Preservation

  • Freezing

Uses

Berries can be eaten raw.[3] Seeds are very small, so no need to seive.

  • Jams
  • Jellies
  • Fruit leather

Secondary uses:

Cooking

‘’Add recipes or links here’’

Nutritional Values

  • High in antioxidants (3x higher than blueberries).
  • High in Vitamin C
  • High in calcium

References